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The Stories Behind Seven Mind Boggling Bog Bodies

The Stories Behind Seven Mind Boggling Bog Bodies

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Since at least the 18th century, there have been discoveries in northwestern continental Europe and Britain of “bog bodies” - human remains which have been preserved in the anoxic environment of bogs. These specimens are very well-preserved, with hair, skin, and clothing often being retained for centuries. Bog bodies offer a unique view into ancient societies, but they also raise many questions that are often related to how they ended up in their odd burial location. Did they end up in bogs as human sacrifices? As a punishment for criminal behavior? Or perhaps by unfortunate accident? Each of their stories is uniquely mysterious.

The Windeby Bog Bodies - Star-Crossed Lovers? Criminals? Or Strangers?

A photo of Windeby I. ( PBS)

Windeby I (formerly known as the ‘Windeby Girl’) is a bog body that was discovered in a peat bog located in the town of Windeby, Germany. It was discovered in 1952, when peat from a bog was being cut by locals. Unfortunately, the machinery used for the peat cutting had already severed one of the body’s legs, one of its feet, and one of its hands.

Initially, the bog body was dubbed the ‘Windeby Girl’, as it was believed that the body belonged to a 14-year-old female due to its slight frame. There were no grave goods found with the body apart from a woolen band covering the eyes and a collar around the neck. For the former, it has been suggested that it had either been used to cover the corpse’s eyes after death, or to hold the hair back, in which case the band would have slipped down over the eyes due to the shrinkage of the body. Later, another bog body was unearthed close to where Windeby I was found. This time, it belonged to a middle-aged man who had been strangled with a hazel branch, and was then placed in the bog on a stake.

According to the Roman historian Tacitus, the Germanic tribes that lived beyond the Rhine had the custom of punishing wrong-doers by having their executed bodies staked in bogs. Therefore, it was thought that the two bog bodies belonged to an adulterous couple who were caught and punished. However, there are some problems with this belief. Firstly, Tacitus’ information was biased and often secondhand. And second, the Windeby I bog body displayed no signs of trauma, as one would expect if the person had been executed. Instead, the remains suggest that the person had suffered from repeated bouts of illness or malnutrition, which finally resulted in death.

In 2007 the remains of the ‘Windeby Girl’ we re-examined and DNA analysis suggested that it is more likely that the body belonged to a male. And radiocarbon dating of the two bodies from Windeby revealed that the older so-called male lover was in fact 300 years older than Windeby I. Today, both the Windeby bog bodies (along with another bog body, a headless body , and a bodiless head), are housed in the Landesmuseum in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.

The Puzzling Grauballe Man

The face of the bog body known as Grauballe man.

Grauballe Man is the name given to a bog body that was discovered in Denmark in 1952. This bog body was found by a group of peat cutters working in the Nebelgaard Bog near the village of Grauballe in Denmark. When Grauballe Man was discovered, a quick visual examination at the site revealed that he was completely naked and that he had no belongings with him. His strikingly red hair was also noted. This, however, was not the natural color of Grauballe Man’s hair when he lived, but the result of his immersion in the bog. Further examination at the museum revealed that he was about 30 years old at the time of his death, was 5 feet, 9 inches (1.75 meters) tall, and his hands and fingers were smooth and showed no signs of manual labor . Radiocarbon dating showed that Grauballe Man lived at some point of time between 310 and 55 BC during the Germanic Iron Age .

When researchers examined Grauballe Man’s stomach contents, they found his last meal was a porridge made of corn, seeds from 60 different herbs, and grasses containing traces of a poisonous fungus called ergot . The fungus probably made Grauballe Man sick and incapable of work. It likely caused painful symptoms , including convulsions, hallucinations, and burning sensations for the mouth, feet, and hands. It is possible that he was regarded by his neighbors as being possessed by an evil spirit , which could have led eventually to his execution and deposition in a bog. Grauballe Man was killed by having his throat slit.

It is also possible that he was a criminal who was punished by death or that he was a sacrificial victim . These hypotheses find support in the writings of the Roman historian Tacitus, though the lack of manual labor done by Grauballe Man makes the second hypothesis more plausible.

Today, Grauballe Man is housed in the Moesgaard Museum in Aarhus and is one of its main attractions . He is exhibited in a room protected from light and temperature changes, so as to maintain his excellent state of preservation . Moreover, the room was designed in such a way as to allow visitors to experience how it is like to be in a peat bog.

The Ill-fated Elling Woman

The Upper body of the Elling Woman. ( CC BY SA 3.0 )

Elling Woman is the name given to a well-preserved bog body that was discovered in Bjældskovdal bog, near Silkeborg in Denmark in 1938 when a farmer was digging peat. Initially, the farmer thought that he had found the remains of an animal that had drowned in the bog. He only realized that these were human remains when he noticed the woolen belt around the body’s waist.

While the back of this bog body was well-preserved, its front was not. In the 1970s it was determined that the body was of a woman aged about 25 years old at the time of her death. Radiocarbon dating suggests that Elling Woman lived during the Iron Age of northwestern Europe, between the 4th and 2nd centuries BC.

The body was dressed in a skin cloak, and a blanket / cloak of cowhide was wrapped around her legs. Furthermore, the body’s hairstyle, which was a long pigtail formed by an intricate pattern of plaiting, tied into a knot, was noted and has inspired many modern re-creations. A skin rope was also found with the body, which suggests Elling Woman was hanged to death . The rope has a sliding knot, which made it suitable for hanging. In addition, Elling Woman’s neck has a furrow left from her cause of death. Scholars are uncertain if she was a criminal or a sacrificial victim.

Who Bludgeoned the Bocksten Man to Death and Why?

Bocksten Man. Photo source: ( CC BY 2.0 )

Around 700 years ago, a young man now known as ‘Bocksten Man’ was struck three times on the head, then tossed into a peat bog and impaled with three wooden poles to prevent his body rising to the surface. His body was discovered in a peat bog in Bocksten in Sweden in 1936.

Studies conducted on Bocksten Man over the decades have revealed some interesting information about this young man. Based on his attire - a tunic / cote, a mantle / cloak, a hood, woolen hose, and leather shoes - which were relatively well-preserved due to the waterlogged condition of the bog, it was concluded that Bocksten Man lived in the 14th century. This clothing suggests that he was a person of high social standing. In addition, he also had two leather belts and two knives on him.

The man was between 30 to 35 years old when he died His long hair also supports the claim that he was a high-ranking individual in his society. Furthermore, it was found that there his skull had been damaged by three blows from a blunt weapon, perhaps a pole or a hammer.

If Bocksten Man was indeed a victim of murder , two main hypotheses have been presented regarding the reason why. The first is that Bocksten Man had been recruiting soldiers, and was killed for that. Another suggestion is that he had been a tax collector, which caused him to be murdered. It may be pointed out that Bocksten Man had a branch from a straw roof stuck into his chest, and it has been proposed that this was done, perhaps by the perpetrators of the crime, to make sure that their victim could not seek revenge from beyond the grave .

Bocksten Man’s face was reconstructed about a decade ago and the model is displayed in the Halland Museum of Cultural History.

The Moora Mystery

Two 3D facial reconstructions of Moora: left by Kerstin Kreutz; right by Sabine Ohlrogge, based on the reconstructed skull in the middle. (Axel Hindemith/ CC BY SA 3.0 )

In 2000, peat harvesters near Uchte, Germany found pieces of human bone and tissue mangled inside of the blades of a peat harvesting machine. Radiocarbon dating showed the mummified hand and the bones belonged to a girl who lived over 2,500 years ago, at the tail end of the Iron Age.

She was believed to have been between 16 -19 years old when she died. What she was doing in the bog is still uncertain, but it could have been anything from simple household chores to gathering bilberry - a plant known for its intoxicating properties and used for medicine. Some researchers have even suggested she was a witch.

Called “Moora” for her discovery in the moor, scientific analysis shows that she had suffered from seasonal malnutrition and had a curvature in her spine that possibly resulted from the weight of a benign tumor at the base of her neck. Her hand was the only part of her body that was mummified, while the rest of her had been skeletonized.

Moora is now housed at the Institute of Legal Medicine at the University of Hamburg-Eppendorf in Germany, where scientists continue to research her life and death. Because she was found without personal belongings, jewelry, or other indications of a funeral, it is assumed that she was alive at the time she entered the bog.

Tollund Man and the Tale of Ritual Sacrifice

The Tollund Man as he appears today. ( Tollundman.dk)

Tollund Man is the naturally mummified body of a man who lived during the 4th century BC. It is believed he was hanged as a sacrifice to the gods and placed in a peat bog where he remained preserved for more than two millennia. Today, the face of the Tollund Man is as preserved as the day he died. The look upon his face is calm and peaceful, as though looking upon a sleeping man.

This bog body was found by two brothers cutting peat near Silkeborg in Denmark in 1950. Analysis of his remains shows Tollund Man was slightly over five feet tall and approximately 40 years old when he died. The stubble on his chain, eyelashes, and the wrinkles in his skin can still be observed in minute detail. His last meal was a porridge made from 40 different kinds of seeds and grains.

He was naked apart from a leather cap and a wide belt around his waist. Around his neck was a braided leather rope tightened in a noose. It was clear that he had been hanged – but archaeologists wanted to find out if he was a criminal, a victim of crime, or part of a ritual sacrifice.

Tollund Man showed no signs of injury or trauma, apart from that caused by the hanging. It was clear that he had also been buried carefully in the bog – his eyes and mouth had been closed and his body placed in a sleeping position – something that wouldn’t have happened if he were a common criminal.

When somebody died in the Iron Age, the body was cremated in a funeral pyre and the ashes placed in an urn, but Tolland Man was buried in a watery place where the early people of Europe believed they could communicate with their many gods and goddesses. He was also killed in the winter or early spring, a time that human sacrifices were made to the goddess of spring . And most scholars agree that Tollund Man was probably a sacrifice.

He now resides in a special room of the Silkeborg Museum.

Osterby Man and His Great Hairdo

Osterby Man with hair tied in a Suebian Knot. At Archäologisches Landesmuseum. ( CC BY 3.0 )

The Osterby Man, or the Osterby Head, which was unearthed in 1948 in Osterby, Germany, and dates to 70 – 220 AD. Only the head remains, but the hair is very well-preserved having been tied into a Suebian knot , a type of hair style reported to be prevalent among ancient Germanic tribes in the area.

It is unclear whether the Osterby Man was executed or sacrificed. It appears he suffered a rather violent death . His left temple was shattered, and fragments were imbedded in his brain. Osteological analysis shows that he was most likely 50-60 years old when he died. This indicates that he was probably Suebi and was a free man, not a slave. He may have been of high standing as well, since the Suebian knot was also a status symbol.

His age suggests that Osterby Man died honorably, making it plausible that he was sacrificed. However, it is not inconceivable that a man who was respected in his society may have done something to lose this respect and have been executed.

A step forward for hip replacements

One of the most successful surgeries ever invented is the total hip replacement this replaces the ball and socket joint at the top of the leg with an artificial implant. It’s performed in people with severe and debilitating hip arthritis. The downside is that these devices only have a limited lifespan before they wear out and need replacing themselves and as people live longer and remain active for longer, more patients are needing replacement hip replacements, which tend to be more complicated than performing the surgery the first time around. So is there a better approach? Chris Smith spoke to medical engineer Sophie Williams from the University of Leeds, asking firstly how many people have total hip replacements.

Sophie - If we look at England and Wales, about 90,000 are having hip replacements every year, but if we look at the people who have hip osteoarthritis and may need one of these hip replacements we’re talking about 11% of over 45 year olds.

Chris - So very common very, very frequently performed surgery which, as people live longer, is going to become even more common?

Sophie - Absolutely, yes. One of the drivers for my research is actually about hip replacements, seeing what we can do to make those better so only one is needed. But, also, if we can go into these patients earlier on and we can make it so that they’re less likely to need a hip replacement.

Chris - But if someone’s hip has worn out and they have arthritis, how can you avoid that happening?

Sophie - We’re starting to see increasing amounts of evidence that some people have hips that aren’t quite as round, aren’t quite as spherical as they should be, and they seem to be more likely of developing osteoarthritis. This is a condition called femoroacetabular impingement. Already now, surgeons are going in earlier when patients present with some early onset of pain and they will start looking at how they can make that hip more round again so the progression to osteoarthritis won’t be as rapid.

Chris - Right, so if you could intervene in these people and not do a complete hip replacement, but you do some kind of resurfacing or refashioning to the hip you could, potentially, prevent the need for a hip replacement and you could do it in people earlier so that they wouldn’t progress to full blown arthritis?

Sophie - Yeah, that’s exactly the case. The thing is, at the moment, whilst surgeons are very good at doing this surgery they don’t really have the scientific evidence to tell them which bits of the bone they should be removing. The problem with these hips when they’re a funny shape is that they impinge. If you imagine going into some sort of extreme of motion - and I’m not talking gymnastics here - I’m just talking maybe leaning down to tie your shoelace, that will cause an impingement between the outer round bit of your head and then the rim of the cup and that outer round will start to cause some damage. So, if we give the surgeons sort of a road map of what they need to remove to make sure we don’t get that impingement, then it’s going to be better.

Chris - How are you able to model what’s going on in a person’s hip then in order to give the surgeon that information?

Sophie - For quite a lot of years now in our labs at the University of Leeds we’ve had hip simulators. These effectively we’ve been putting total hip replacements into them which we’ll continue to do, and we can load them and put them through motion cycles. Previously, we’ve just tended to put these through walking cycles to see how they perform, but what I want to do in this grant is actually starting to take tissue that mimics the tissue in the human body and go to extremes of motion to see when you get the damage so we can then make changes to the hip as the surgeon would do and see if that actually, in reality, really does reduce the amount of damage that we get.

Chris - Will you, ultimately, end up then with a computer model where you could take the scan of the individual, plug it into your computer model, and it will then work out where all of the forces are travelling through their joint and when they were to move in certain positions when it’s likely to impinge or wrinkle up the cartilage in the joint and, therefore, you could make predictions for the surgeon without actually having to lay a finger on the patient?

Sophie - Yeah, that’s absolutely what we want to do. It’s very much about creating a bespoke sort of package for each individual patient because everyone’s got a different shaped pelvis, they move in different ways, etc. The bit we’re missing at the moment is we don’t actually know how the tissue physically behaves so we need this physical experimental simulator in the lab. We need to physically do it and cause this damage in the lab.

Chris - What have you got then: something that resembles a hip joint but it’s sort of sitting with mechanical devices attached to it so you can see exactly how it’s being loaded when it gets moved around?

Sophie - Yeah, pretty much. The exciting part of this grant is I’m going to be collaborating with some manufacturing engineers, so they’re really good at coming up with smart materials that will mimic materials that we have in the body. We can also put various sensors on that so we can look at the forces that are going through the hip. And then, as the shape is changed, we can look at what causes this optimum amounts of change and differences in that. We can actually start to use some tissue in the lab as well - human tissue - and look at the changes you get with that and the damage that’s caused.

Chris - What will you do then three dimensionally print the structures so that you can get something which is really quite a precise and accurate representation of what’s going on in a real hip?

Sophie - Yeah, that is what we’ll do. We can create the funny shaped bits and we can start to change that shape, and then we can use natural tissue as well on the other side to see what damage you get as you start to apply those loads and motions.

Chris - And you do think the surgeon doing this kind of refashioning and resurfacing maneuver will be easier, less traumatic than doing a total hip replacement?

Sophie - Yeah. I think we'll still need total hip replacements, but it means that we can put them off and we won’t need to use them in so many patients quite so early.

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The Human Emperor - Chapter 2433 - Side Story Chapter 6: Gao Lishi!

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Chapter 2433 Side Story Chapter 6: Gao Lishi!

Translated by: Hypersheep325

Li Taiyi ended his cultivation, wiped out the sweat from his forehead, and called out, “Enter!”

The door opened with a creak, and an elderly eunuch came inside with a jade tray. It was none other than Eunuch Fu.

Eunuch Fu had been sent by his mother, Virtuous Empress Dou, and he was very loyal. When Prince Xuan was seriously ill, Virtuous Empress Dou had been concerned and sent him over to care for her son.

“Little Xuan, the medicine that you should have taken at the Shen Period (3-5pm) was taken away on His Majesty’s order. This is a medicine that Virtuous Empress Dou requested that the imperial physician remake. It is late at night and the dew is heavy, so please drink it while it is hot.”

Eunuch Fu placed the tray down on the nearby sandalwood table and then brought up a bowl of warm medicinal liquid to Li Taiyi.

“Sir Eunuch, thank you for your efforts,” Li Taiyi sincerely said to Eunuch Fu as he took the medicine.

Eunuch Fu couldn’t help but freeze for a moment in surprise. Though he had served Prince Xuan for some time, he had never heard him being so polite. And even thanking him?

For some reason, he had this feeling…

In the past, whenever Prince Xuan grew impatient, he would start beating up the eunuchs to vent his anger, or even have them fight against each other for his own amusement.

Although he was one of Virtuous Empress Dou’s old subordinates, he had also found it hard to escape such treatment.

But at some point, seemingly after he had been punished by His Majesty, Prince Xuan had grown much more reserved, and he had even begun to appreciate others.

This left Eunuch Fu overcome with surprise. It wasn’t just him. All the maids, eunuchs, and guards of Jade Dragon Palace had sensed the change in Prince Xuan.

However, there was no doubt that this was a welcome change.

“Third Prince… has truly grown up. Empress, your efforts were not in vain!”

Eunuch Fu was almost on the verge of tears as he felt gratified in Virtuous Empress Dou’s place.

The heavens had taken pity on a mother’s heart. Perhaps Little Xuan had finally understood the Empress’s pains and finally changed.

On the other end, Li Taiyi frowned as he finished his medicine and swiftly took the candied plum on the jade tray to alleviate the bitterness.

Once he put the bowl back on the tray, he saw that Eunuch Fu was still standing there in a daze, so he couldn’t help but ask, “Eunuch Fu, is there something else?”

Eunuch Fu blinked as he came to his senses. He immediately remembered something, and after some hesitation, he began to speak.

“Under Little Xuan’s orders, the young master of the Lu Clan set about establishing a deer park. The construction is done now, so he has sent someone to ask Little Xuan when you will visit.”

Li Taiyi frowned, and after a few moments of thought, he finally remembered.

In the past, Prince Xuan had truly been irredeemably sex-obsessed. While this deer park sounded ordinary, in truth, he had ordered someone to seize the beautiful women of the world so that he could enjoy them.

The young master of the Lu Clan was none other than the person he had sent to supervise this matter. But the building of the deer park took so much time that he had already forgotten about it.

“Understood.” Li Taiyi waved his hand and unhappily said, “Tell Lu Yan to dismantle the deer park and send all the women back! In addition, if he comes to visit in the future, refuse him at the door!”

Hearing this, Eunuch Fu was taken aback, and then he rejoiced.

“Yes, this old slave will go!”

The deer park was a time bomb that had always left him uneasy, so he had secretly hindered the matter. To his surprise, Little Xuan had decided to dismantle it. This was truly a wonderful surprise.

It seems that Little Xuan really has changed!”

Eunuch Fu was crying, so he hastily lowered his head and wiped the tears away.

“Eunuch Fu, I would like to read for a while. Go about your business.”

With his medicine taken, Li Taiyi quickly sat himself behind his desk and took up a copy of the ‘Spring and Autumn Annals’.

“Yes, yes, this old slave will go,” Eunuch Fu hurriedly replied. Seeing his Little Xuan already beginning to read by the light of the lantern, Eunuch Fu felt even more gratified.

He was Virtuous Empress Dou’s old subordinate and had watched Little Xuan grow up. Nothing could make him more happy than seeing Little Xuan reform and pull himself together.

Just as he was crossing over the door, Eunuch Fu remembered something and walked back.

“Right, does Little Xuan remember what this old slave mentioned to you last time? In a few days, this old slave will return to Virtuous Empress Dou’s side, so I have found a minor eunuch to serve as your personal attendant. When would Your Highness like to see him?”

“Oh?” Li Taiyi seemed to remember and indifferently said, “Let’s do it now.”

A few moments later, Eunuch Fu led a minor eunuch of around sixteen years old into Jade Dragon Palace.

This was someone that Eunuch Fu had selected, so Li Taiyi felt like he could rest easy. However, when he saw this minor eunuch, the eunuch seemed to be rather reserved, or afraid. His head was bowed as he hid behind Eunuch Fu, not daring to look at Li Taiyi.

He had obviously heard of Prince Xuan’s reputation.

Li Taiyi rapped on his desk and sternly said to the minor eunuch, “You seem to be very afraid, yes?”

The eunuch instantly grew even more nervous.

Eunuch Fu saw this and was about to say some good words about the minor eunuch, but Li Taiyi stopped him with his eyes.

Although Li Taiyi seemed stern, he was really just testing this minor eunuch that Eunuch Fu had selected, trying to see if he was really fit to be at his side.

The minor eunuch did not keep Li Taiyi waiting for too long, quickly bowing and saying, “This slave… this slave saw the mighty flames rising from Third Highness’s body, as if Your Highness was protected by Dragon Qi, and thus is protected by His Majesty. This is why this slave does not dare to look directly at Your Highness.”

Li Taiyi chuckled and nodded his head.

“Very quick-witted. You may serve at my side!”

“This slave is called Gao Lishi.”

The next day, news somehow found its way from the court to the people about Prince Xuan’s account books, sending ripples through the people.

The reputation of Third Prince Xuan was known both in the Imperial Court and amongst the people.

No one found it strange that the Third Prince had embezzled disaster relief funds, as it was completely in line with his personality. But no one had expected the Third Prince to not be corrupt and to have actually exposed a host of court officials who were engaged in corruption.

Prince Xuan was a sex-obsessed womanizer with a brutal personality who enjoyed beating his servants and bullying the common folk, and even held gambling events in the palace. His infamy had spread far and wide.

That wise and confident, bold and strategic, forceful and proactive figure who had appeared in court… it seemed like it was someone else entirely.

“Was it really the Third Prince? Could it be a mistake?”

“It can’t be! It has to be fake!”

“There must be something else going on here. The Third Prince can’t be this formidable!”

A lively conversation was going on in the capital.

The mountains and rivers were easier to change than the nature of men. The Third Prince could not be this capable. The contrast was just too great.

None of them would believe it if it were claimed that nothing fishy was going on.

Time passed, but the critical voices of the people only increased in number and ferocity. Various versions of the court debate and the corruption matter spread wildly amongst the populace, and it was only brought to an end with the intervention of Imperial Censor Duan Cao.

Imperial Censor Duan Cao was a tough figure who did not fear power and authority, and would uphold the cause of righteousness even in front of the Emperor himself. He was blunt and forthright, and he was revered amongst the common folk.

Under Duan Cao’s supervision, the truth of the matter quickly came to light. All the officials implicated in the matter were listed down on posters that were hung up all over the capital.

When they saw the cinnabar dragon seal on the announcement, the people finally believed that what had transpired at the court was true.

That infamous and incompetent Third Prince Xuan really had changed!

Though it was unbelievable, it was the truth.

This matter made many storytellers across the capital begin to tell various stories about Third Prince Xuan.

Some said that he had lost his memory, others that his mother falling ill had awakened his filial spirit, and others said that Prince Xuan had always been this shrewd and had been playing the part of a pig to eat a tiger this whole time.

Putting aside the passionate conversations of the people, Li Taiyi, still under house arrest, had no idea what was going on outside, so he did not care.

Though he was under house arrest, Li Taiyi enjoyed his leisure and spent it quietly cultivating in Jade Dragon Palace. Like this, half a month of house arrest went by.

In Jade Dragon Palace, Li Taiyi sat cross-legged on his bed of sandalwood. He let out a turbid breath as he ended his cultivation session.

Half a month was neither too long nor too short, but Li Taiyi had already reached the peak of the True Martial realm.

For the majority of people, this was a demonic speed.

But Li Taiyi was not satisfied with his progress.

The experiences from his past life had left Li Taiyi very familiar with cultivation, so from his perspective, he should have already reached the Profound Martial realm.

But for some reason, whenever he was about to break through, there would be some strange reaction from his dantian, as if some mysterious hole was sucking away all the spiritual energy he had gathered, so much so that he would fall by an entire tier.

A normal person would have already given up upon encountering such circumstances, but Li Taiyi had not. Though he had already been pushed back three times, he continued to persistently cultivate.

This wasn’t because of Li Taiyi’s persevering personality, but rather because while this spiritual energy was being intercepted, he did not feel as if it was leaking out. Moreover, each time it was absorbed, there would be a flash of light from his dantian.

At the third time, Li Taiyi had discovered that the light was even brighter.

Although he didn’t know what it was, Li Taiyi knew that this was not some bottomless hole!

Two more times should be enough to get it to full! Li Taiyi mentally remarked as he felt out the situation in his body.

He had a vague sense that when this light fully burst out, he would break through!

Moreover… Li Taiyi found this light rather familiar, though he didn’t understand how.

As Li Taiyi pondered, there was a knocking at the door of Jade Dragon Palace.

บริการเปิดพจนานุกรมอัตโนมัติ ติดโพย (PopThai)

บริการ ติดโพย (PopThai) เป็นบริการเปิดพจนานุกรมอัตโนมัติ โดยผู้ใช้สามารถป้อนข้อความ (ทีละประโยค หรือ เป็นหน้าเลยก็ได้ ไม่จำเป็นต้องทีละคำสองคำ) หรือป้อนเว็บ URL ระบบจะไปดึงเนื้อหาเว็บนั้นๆ มา แล้วทำการแนบความหมายของคำหรือวลีภาษาต่างประเทศ (ปัจจุบันสนับสนุน ภาษาอังกฤษ, ญี่ปุ่นและเยอรมัน ) ติดกับเนื้อหานั้นๆ และจะแสดงผลความหมายเมื่อเอาเมาส์ไปวางเหนือคำหนึ่งๆ ช่วยให้สามารถเข้าใจเนื้อหาของเวบภาษาต่างประเทศได้สะดวกและรวดเร็วยิ่งขึ้น

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Books Read in 2015

Adam Croft: Her Last Tomorrow
When his five-year-old daughter, Ellie, is kidnapped, Nick's life is thrown into a tailspin. In exchange for his daughter's safe return, Nick will have to do the unthinkable: he must murder his wife. (**)

Kitty Kelley: His Way: The Unauthorized Biography of Frank Sinatra
Here's another book I sort of wish I had never read. Sinatra has always been a bit of an idol of mine, based on his music, his voice, and his cool. But if Kitty Kelley's book contains even a modicum of truth, I'm afraid Frank has taken a nosedive from his pedestal. While this author never disses the man's music nor even his voice very much as he aged, she paints a picture of one of the most hateful, psychotic, violent, disgusting, dishonest, egotistical, and despicable humans on earth. The way he treated friends, strangers, business associates, and especially his numerous women will turn your stomach. And he got away with the most horrendous acts, some of them downright criminal. People appeared to fear him for some reason. I guess because he made them lots of money. I think my Frank Sinatra CD collection in going in the thrift store donations. (Note: Kelley's writing is good, even though her subject matter is detestable. The 3-star rating is for the book, not the man.) (***)

Jeanne Bastardi: The Taconic Tragedy: A Son's Search for the Truth
Truth, my royal rear end! This book contains very little of that. If you expect this to be an evidence-based account of the 2009 car crash in upstate New York that took the lives of eight people, including four children, you'd be wrong. The family of the woman who wrote this book lost a father and a brother in the wreck. Anyone would expect them to be traumatized and grief stricken. But what I didn't expect was the mean-spirited, vicious, atack on the Hance family, who lost their three little girls (their only children) and Daniel Schultz, the husband of the woman who caused the horrible event by driving the wrong way on the highway and crashing into another vehicle. Daniel Schultz lost his wife and a young daughter, and his young son was severely injured. Using sarcasm, innuendo, implication, speculation, and outright lies, and absolutely no evidence, Jeanne Bastardi lays the blame for the deaths of her father-in-law and brother-in-law on these grieving parents, who were not in either car and nowhere near the accident. I wish I had never read this book. No stars.

Jackie Hance: I'll See You Again
On July 26, 2009, Jackie and Warren Hance's idyllic suburban Long Island life became an unimaginable nightmare. On that day, their three young daughters were returning with their aunt, Diane Schuler, from a weekend camping trip in upstate New York when a crash on the Taconic Parkway took the lives of the three Hance children, Diane's Schuler's young daughter, Diane herself, and three men in the car Diane hit as she drove in the wrong direction on the parkway. Although an autopsy showed Diane to be heavily intoxicated at the time of the crash, no one among her friends and family knew her to be a drinker nor had ever seen her drunk. This book is Jackie Hance's memoir of unbearable loss, darkest despair, and—slowly and painfully—her cautious return to hope and love. (***)

Stephen King: The Bazaar of Bad Dreams: Stories
A new collection of short stories by my favorite boogie man and storyteller, Stephen King. Amazon writes of the collection, "magnificent, eerie, utterly compelling, these stories comprise one of King’s finest gifts to his constant reader." “I made them especially for you,” says King. “Feel free to examine them, but please be careful. The best of them have teeth.” (****)

Stacy Schiff: The Witches: Salem, 1692
It seems that anytime religion joins forces with government to control a people, horrible things happen. Case in point, the Salem, Massachusetts witch hunt of the late 17th century legalized purgery and theft, imprisoned innocent men, women, infants, and children in chains and uber-squalid conditions, took innocent lives, ruined lives and careers and fortunes, left children orphaned, left many in dire poverty, and gave Puritanism (and to a somewhat lesser degree, Christianity) an intensely black eye. In an atmosphere painted by such fire-and-brimstone sermonists as Cotton Mather and his father Increase Mather, a few mischievous and/or hysterical adolescent girls began an epidemic of witch accusations and subsequent trials where no evidence was presented except "spectral," even less substantial and reliable than today's circumstantial evidence. In fact, people were arrested, imprisoned, tried, tortured, and executed on the strength of accusations alone. When these New Englanders finally began to come to their senses and put an end to these atrocities, 14 women and five men had been hanged. One man was crushed to death under rocks piled upon him to try and illicit a confession from him. If at any time you begin to think that perhaps the Constitution of the United States should not include safeguards against the interference of any religion in our government proceedings (separation of church and state) as some inside and out of our governing bodies insist, just read this book or any other published telling a of the happenings in Salem in 1692, and you should change your mind. (***)

Lee Child: Make Me: A Jack Reacher Novel
Lee Childs' latest (no. 20) in his Jack Reacher series, but my first. Reacher gets off a train in the middle of seemingly endless wheat acreage at a little wide spot in the road called Mother's Rest. He meets Michelle Chang, who is there trying to find her private detective partner, Keever, who has gone missing. The two team up to find Keever and get involved in a dark, dark mystery. Good thriller. I'm sure I'll read more Reacher adventures. (***)

John Brady: Frank & Ava: In Love and War
I had been looking forward to the publication of this book since reading about it last spring. But after reading it, I have to say I'm extremely disappointed. It is one of the most poorly written books I've read. It reads more like a list of events than the story of a passionate love affair. Syntax is often awkward and confusing. For instance, consider my favorite: "The cake was delivered upon Bacall's departure from New York in a large white box." Must have been a VERY large white box to get Lauren Bacall into it. But my most serious complaint of all is that this is more a book about Frank and about Ava than it is about Frank and Ava. We very rarely see them together. Didn't like it can't recommend it. (*)

Robert McCammon: Stinger
Good and scary. Got monsters and everything--just right for reading during October--but not if scary books are not your cup of tea. This book is also about space aliens (good ones and bad ones). It takes place in tiny Texas border town. The characters are well presented and believable. No all-good or all-bad buys (except some of the space creatures). I enjoyed reading this throwback from the 80s. (***)

Ruth Ware: In a Dark, Dark Wood
The impending marriage of Nora's best childhood friend brings her to a glass-walled cabin deep in the woods, for a hen party (the U.K. equivalent of a bachelorette weekend). But why is she there when the two haven't spoken since Nora fled their college town ten years ago? As the party gets underway things start to take a dark turn that builds with each passing moment. Good book. Goooood book. (***)

James Patterson and David Ellis: The Murder House
It has an ocean-front view, a private beach--and a deadly secret that won't stay buried. Full of the twists and turns that have made James Patterson the world's #1 bestselling writer, THE MURDER HOUSE is a chilling, page-turning story of murder, money, and revenge. (***)

Inger Ash Wolfe: The Calling
Detective Inspector Hazel Micallef has lived all her days in the small town of Port Dundas and is now making her way toward retirement. Hobbled by a bad back and a dependence on painkillers, and feeling blindsided by divorce after nearly four decades of marriage, 61-year-old Hazel has only the constructive criticism of her old goat of a mother and her own sharp tongue to buoy her. But when a terminally ill Port Dundas woman is gruesomely murdered in her own home, Hazel and her understaffed department must spring to life. And as one terminally ill victim after another is found, Hazel finds herself tracking a truly terrifying serial killer across the Canada while everything she was barely holding together begins to spin out of control. (***)

Caitlin R. Kiernan: The Red Tree
My favorite of all Cait's books. I have read it several times. This time was no less intriguing. Plot: Sarah Crowe left Atlanta to live alone in an old house in rural Rhode Island. Within its walls she discovers an unfinished manuscript written by the house's former tenant-an anthropologist obsessed with the ancient oak growing on the property. And as the gnarled tree takes root in her imagination, Sarah risks everything to unearth a revelation planted centuries ago. WARNING: Graphic sex and some violence. (****)

Robert Marasco: Burnt Offerings (Valancourt 20th Century Classics)
One of the best haunted house books ever, in my opinion. Right up there with THE HAUNTING OF HILL HOUSE and THE SHINING. Young family leaves heat and noise of city to spend the summer in an isolated and dilapidated mansion in the New York countryside. The house is starving, and the family provides it with sustenance. (****)

Ted Kosmatka: The Flicker Men: A Novel
"If Stephen Hawking and Stephen King wrote a novel together, you'd get The Flicker Men. Brilliant, disturbing, and beautifully told." -Hugh Howey, New York Times bestselling author of the Wool series A quantum physicist shocks the world with a startling experiment, igniting a struggle between science and theology, free will and fate, and antagonizing forces not known to exist. I loved this book. Anything that deals with quantum physics and quantum mechanics fascinates me. Add some suspense, and I'm in. (****)

Carsten Stroud: The Homecoming: Book 2 of the Niceville Trilogy
When two plane crashes set off a spellbinding chain reaction of murder and mayhem, Niceville detective Nick Kavanaugh has to investigate. He and his wife, family lawyer Kate, have also just taken in brutally orphaned Rainey Teague. Meanwhile, people are disappearing in Niceville. Kate and Nick start to unearth Niceville’s blood stained history, but something (or is it Nothing?) stands in their way. (****)

Carsten Stroud: Niceville: Book 1 of the Niceville Trilogy
For lovers of crime, mystery, and the supernatural, this book has it all--almost too much in fact. In this first book of the trilogy, the author introduces so many characters that it's often difficult to keep up. but there's lots of action and suspense, beginning with the disappearance of 9-year-old Rainey, seemingly into mid-air, from Niceville's Main Street. A bank robbery follows four cops are gunned down a TV news helicopter is shot and spins out of the sky, triggering a disastrous cascade of events that ricochet across twenty different lives over the course of just thirty-six hours. Something is very wrong in Niceville. In spite of the preponderance of characters and the fast succession of events, this book was worth the read, and necessary to the understanding of the next book in the series. This trilogy reads more like one novel as the story picks up in each book just where it left off in the last. (***)

Kristin Hannah: The Nightingale
There are very few books to which I give five stars. This is one of them. Definitely one of the best books I have read in many years, it tells the story of two French sisters – one in Paris, one in the countryside – during WWII. Each is crippled by the death of their beloved mother and cavalier abandonment of their father. Each plays a part in the French underground. In a way, the War is also a main character in this book, a cruel, horrible character. Hannah has said her inspiration for Isabelle, the sister in Paris, was the real life story of a woman who led downed Allied soldiers on foot over the Pyrenees. This book was a page-turner for me, and I had a hard time leaving it when I had to do other things. The very end came as a surprise to me. Maybe it will for you too. (*****)

Erik Larson: Dead Wake: The Last Crossing of the Lusitania
I had a dickens of a time getting into this book, and it took me almost all summer to finally finish it. The problem for me is the tons of detail and description. For instance, I was not all interested in the history of submarines. And the author's habit of describing every piece of clothing that every passenger of the ship was wearing at any given time almost gave me hives. However, about three-quarters way through, things speeded up and I found the end of the book interesting and heartbreaking. I'm sure there are those who would be enthralled by the entire book. I'm just not one of them. (***)

Sharon Honeycutt: The Dragon's Daughter
I didn't realize until I was well into it, that this book is YA, written for teenagers. Still it's a good, quick read. It is written from the perspective of the children of a KKK grand dragon and his underboss. There is blatant cruelty and racism, so caution regarding recommending this young children. There is also some profanity. I enjoyed the book though. It gives a look at racism from a perspective that one might not normally consider, that is what it does to children who are born innocent and must either learn to hate or fight their upbringing. In a way, the book is heartbreaking. (***)

Sharyn McCrumb: The Ballad of Tom Dooley: A Ballad Novel
According to Sharyn McCrumb's blog, "What began as a fictional re-telling of the historical account became an astonishing revelation of the real motives and the real culprit in the murder of Laura Foster. With the help of Wilkes County historians, lawyers, and researchers, Sharyn McCrumb visited the actual sites, studied the legal evidence, and uncovered a missing piece of the story that will shock those who think they already know what happened." The result is a riveting novel dealing with the events in 1866 Appalachia that led to the hanging of Tom Dula (Dooley). McCrumb's best book so far, in my opinion. (****)

Caitlín R. Kiernan: The Ape's Wife and Other Stories
Caitlín R. Kiernan (my oldest daughter) has been described as one of “the most original and audacious weird writers of her generation,” (The Weird) “one of our essential writers of dark fiction” (New York Times), and S. T. Joshi has proclaimed, “hers is now the voice of weird fiction.” In The Ape's Wife and Other Stories—Kiernan’s twelfth collection of short fiction since 2001—she displays the impressive range that characterizes her work. With her usual disregard for genre boundaries, she masterfully navigates the territories that have traditionally been labeled dark fantasy, sword and sorcery, science fiction, steampunk, and neo-noir. From the subtle horror of “One Tree Hill (The World as Cataclysm)” and “Tall Bodies” to a demon-haunted, alternate reality Manhattan, from Mars to a near-future Philadelphia, and from ghoulish urban legends of New England to a feminist-queer retelling of Beowulf, these thirteen stories keep reader always on their toes, ever uncertain of the next twist or turn. My favorite story in this collection is the title story "The Ape's Wife." While Fay Wray's character of Ann Darrow in the 1933 movie "King Kong" is memorable for not much else except her ear-splitting screams, Kiernan gives us a three-dimensional (or maybe even four) flesh-and-blood woman. For those of you who enjoy weird fiction, this book will be a treasure. (****)

Laura Lane McNeal: Dollbaby: A Novel
Set in New Orleans during the civil rights era of the 60s, this sweet story tackles the subject of racism in an almost childlike and naive fashion. Although bad things happen, somehow the women in this family are able to put it all behind them and dance in the rain. The story is full of mystery and family secrets, many of which aren't revealed until the very end. This coming-of-age tale is a testament to the resilience of human nature and the strength of familial love. (****)

Blake Crouch: The Last Town (Book 3 of The Wayward Pines Trilogy)
Ethan Burke has discovered the astonishing secret of what lies beyond the electrified fence that surrounds Wayward Pines and protects it from the terrifying world beyond. It is a secret that has the entire population completely under the control of a madman and his army of followers, a secret that is about to come storming through the fence to wipe out this last, fragile remnant of humanity. This final installment of the Wayward Pines trilogy will have you guessing right up until the last sentence--and thereafter. Let's hope that Crouch has a Book 4 in the works. (***)

Blake Crouch: Wayward (Book 2 of the Wayward Pines trilogy))
Welcome to Wayward Pines, population 461. Nestled amid picture-perfect mountains, the idyllic town is a modern-day Eden…except for the electrified fence and razor wire, snipers scoping everything 24/7, and the relentless surveillance tracking each word and gesture. None of the residents know how they got here. They are told where to work, how to live, and who to marry. Ethan Burke has seen the world beyond. He’s sheriff now, and one of the few who know the truth—Wayward Pines isn’t just a town. And what lies on the other side of the fence is a nightmare beyond anyone’s imagining. (***)

Blake Crouch: Pines (Book 1 of The Wayward Pines Series)
Secret service agent Ethan Burke arrives in Wayward Pines, Idaho, with a clear mission: locate and recover two federal agents who went missing in the bucolic town one month earlier. But within minutes of his arrival, Ethan is involved in a violent accident. He comes to in a hospital, with no ID, no cell phone, and no briefcase. The medical staff seems friendly enough, but something feels…off. As the days pass, Ethan’s investigation into the disappearance of his colleagues turns up more questions than answers. Why can’t he get any phone calls through to his wife and son in the outside world? Why doesn’t anyone believe he is who he says he is? And what is the purpose of the electrified fences surrounding the town? Are they meant to keep the residents in? Or something else out? Each step closer to the truth takes Ethan further from the world he thought he knew, from the man he thought he was, until he must face a horrifying fact—he may never get out of Wayward Pines alive. (****)

Stephen King: Finders Keepers: A Novel
As with his classic MISERY, the King of Horror again explores the theme of a novelist and his deranged number-one fan. This book is dubbed a sequel to King's MR. MERCEDES, with the return of some of that book's main characters. But it is not necessary that one has read MM in order to enjoy FK. All you need is an appreciation for a good thriller written in classic, page-turner Stephen King style. (***)

Flannery O'Connor: "A Good Man is Hard to Find": Flannery O'Connor (Women Writers: Texts and Contexts)
I was first introduced to Flannery O'Connor and this disturbing story as a sophomore in college. It's a tale of an irritating family (the grandmother being the most irritating of all) who sets out for a vacation, but decides to take a side trip down a dirt road (at the grandmother's insistence). Because of an unfortunate occurrence with the cat that the grandmother has stowed away in her bag, there is an auto accident. When the dust clears, everyone is relatively safe, for the time being. This classic short story is not for the faint of heart, but if you enjoy a good read about the darker side of human nature, you should like this. If you can imagine a story about the Griswolds (of National Lampoon fame) meeting up with some bad guys from an episode of "Criminal Minds," then you'll have some idea of the gist of "A Good Man. " (****)

Cheryl Strayed: Wild: From Lost to Found on the Pacific Crest Trail
I had seen the movie about the young woman who hiked 1,000 miles of the Pacific Crest Trail all by herself and liked it so much that I had to read the book. I found the movie to be much more entertaining and interesting. For one thing, except for her spunk, there was little to like or admire about the main character. Maybe Reese Witherspoon added depth and personality to Cheryl Strayed's character that didn't come through in the book. I don't know. I only know I had to force myself to finish the book. (**)

Donald Spoto: Marilyn Monroe: The Biography
This book will not endear you to either Norma Jeane Baker nor to her creation, Marilyn Monroe. Norma Jeane thought the rules didn't apply to her and neither did Marilyn. Chronically late for everything, both in her professional and private lives, her regard for others' time was nonexistent. She never met a man she wouldn't sleep with if sleeping ywith him would further her career. Three failed marriages, said failure at least partially Marilyn's fault, added to the picture that she had invented of a tragic life. She faked emotions both onscreen and off, she faked the events and conditions of her childhood. One wonders how the people around her knew what was acting and what was not. The platinum blonde hair and surgically created facial features were not the only lies in MM's life, including the extent of her relationship with JFK. And although she frequently claimed that she wanted people to like her, that desire was not evident in her actions toward people. Indeed her life was tragic, but she made it so. As for the book, it's too long with too much repetition and too many words I had to look up. (**)

Lisa Genova: Still Alice
Alice Howland is proud of the life she worked so hard to build. At fifty years old, she’s a cognitive psychology professor at Harvard and a world-renowned expert in linguistics with a successful husband and three grown children. When she becomes increasingly disoriented and forgetful, a tragic diagnosis of early-onset Alzheimer's disease changes her life—and her relationship with her family and the world—forever. An excellent read. (****)

Ambrose Bierce: The Damned Thing
"There are colors that we can not see. And God help me, The Damned Thing is of such a color." This short but very scary story, written in 1898 by Ambrose Bierce, is the narration of a witness at the inquest of a friend, who has been horribly killed by an unseen and unseeable entity. (****)

Jeff Gunhus: Night Chill
This book proves my contention that there are oodles of excellent writers out there who never reach the well-known status. I discovered this book in an email ad about Kindle bargains. Mr. Gunhus is a fine writer of suspense and scary stuff. The horror of this story lies deep within the earth underneath the state of Maryland and is based on Gunhus's imagined Native American lore. Coupled with a group of unscrupulous men who will do anything for the sake of longevity, the "Source," as it is known, threatens not only our main character and his family but perhaps the entire world if it is able to escape it's subterranean prison. (***)

George V. Higgins: The Friends of Eddie Coyle: A Novel
While watching the "Justified" series finale the other night, my attention was caught by Marshal Raylan Givens pulling a battered copy of this book out of his desk drawer and tossing it to his partner. I got curious and looked the book up on Amazon. It seems that this little tome is what Elmore Leonard, the crime novelist and creator of Raylan and all the Harlan folks, called the best crime novel he had ever read. Hmmmm. Not only did Leonard himself produce better books than this one, many other authors have produced much better crime novels than either Higgins or Leonard. (THE GODFATHER and MYSTIC RIVER are two that come to mind right off the top of my head.) The best I can say about this little novel noir is that it was mildly entertaining and contains some really good dialog--not enough, however, to rate it more than two stars. It was gravely lacking in story. (**)

Laura Hillenbrand: Unbroken: A World War II Story of Survival, Resilience, and Redemption
From delinquent youth to thief to Olympic runner, to WWII airman to castaway to Japanese POW to--well, I won't spoil the ending--Louis Zamparini's life was anything but dull. This is a wonderful book that shows just how strong the human sprit can be. Louie endures horrors that would make a Stephen King novel seem wimpy, first as a castaway after his bomber crashes in the Pacific.. But then, when you think things can't possibly get worse for him, he and his fellow castaway are captured and interned in a succession of Japanese prison camps under the command of what must have been one of the most evil men to ever live, the Bird. Don't even try to read this book if you can't deal with human horror because there's plenty of it. (****)

Harlan Coben: The Stranger
Engrossing page-turner of a thriller, and the first of Coben's books that I have read. Adam Price has a lot to lose: a comfortable marriage to a beautiful woman, two wonderful sons, and all the trappings of the American Dream: a big house, a good job, a seemingly perfect life. Then he runs into the Stranger. When he learns a devastating secret about his wife, Corinne, he confronts her, and the mirage of perfection disappears as if it never existed at all. Soon Adam finds himself tangled in something far darker than even Corinne’s deception, and realizes that if he doesn’t make exactly the right moves, the conspiracy he’s stumbled into will not only ruin lives—it will end them. (****)

Lilly Ledbetter: Grace and Grit: My Fight for Equal Pay and Fairness at Goodyear and Beyond
The courageous story of the woman at the center of the historic discrimination case that inspired the Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Restoration Act--her fight for equal rights in the workplace, and how her determination became a victory for the nation. Lilly Ledbetter was born in a house with no running water or electricity in the small town of Possum Trot, Alabama. She knew that she was destined for something more, and in 1979, Lilly applied for her dream job at the Goodyear tire factory. She got the job—one of the first women hired at the management level. Though Lilly faced daily discrimination and sexual harassment, she pressed on, believing that eventually things would change. Until, nineteen years later, Lilly received an anonymous note revealing that she was making thousands less per year than the men in her position. Devastated, she filed a sex discrimination case against Goodyear, which she won—and then heartbreakingly lost on appeal. Over the next eight years, her case made it all the way to the Supreme Court, where she lost again: the court ruled that she should have filed suit within 180 days of her first unequal paycheck--despite the fact that she had no way of knowing that she was being paid unfairly all those years. In a dramatic moment, Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg read her dissent from the bench, urging Lilly to fight back. And fight Lilly did, becoming the namesake of President Barack Obama's first official piece of legislation. (****)

Rick Mofina: Cold Fear
A very tense and exciting read. In the remote, rugged corner of Montana’s Glacier National Park known as the Devil’s Grasp, little Paige Baker of San Francisco disappears with her dog, Kobee, while on a camping trip with her family or so her mother and father have told authorities. A multi-agency task force launches a massive search as Paige fights to survive in the wilderness. Time hammers against her and soon the nation is gripped by the life-and-death drama.The FBI grows suspicious of Paige’s parents.Their recent history and disturbing evidence links them to a horrible secret from the past. This book is somewhat similar to Stephen King's THE GIRL WHO LOVED TOM GORDON, in that it's a story about a little girl lost in the wilderness and her struggle to survive. However, only a small part of the story is written from the little girl's point of view, unlike King's book. Most of it is about the parents and the search to find Paige and to find out if there has been foul play. (***)

Patrick O'Brian: Master and Commander
This, the first in the series of Jack Aubrey novels, establishes the friendship between Captain Aubrey and Stephen Maturin, ship's surgeon and intelligence agent, against a backdrop of the Napoleonic wars, filled with details of a life aboard a man-of-war in Nelson's navy. I confess that I had to force myself to read this book because it's the April selection for the book club of which I'm a member. It is so filled with nautical and period terms and jargon that sometimes it's seems that one is reading another language. I will say that my sister Joanne says it is the best book she has ever read, so perhaps it's simply a matter of taste. But I struggle to give it two stars. (**)

Michael Malone: Handling Sin
On the Ides of March, our hero, Raleigh Whittier Hayes (forgetful husband, baffled father, prosperous insurance agent, and leading citizen of Thermopylae, North Carolina), learns that his father has discharged himself from the hospital, taken all his money out of the bank and, with a young black female mental patient, vanished in a yellow Cadillac convertible. Left behind is a mysterious list of seven outrageous tasks that Raleigh must perform in order to rescue his father and his inheritance. And so Raleigh and fat Mingo Sheffield (his irrepressibly loyal friend) set off on an uproarious contemporary odyssey/treasure hunt through a landscape of unforgettable characters, falling into adventures worthy of Tom Jones and Huck Finn. A moving parable of human love and redemption, HANDLING SIN is a comic masterpiece, the funniest book I've read since Larry McMurtry's TEXASVILLE. (****)

Carlos Ruiz Zafón: The Shadow of the Wind
Barcelona, 1945: A city slowly heals in the aftermath of the Spanish Civil War, and Daniel, an antiquarian book dealer’s son who mourns the loss of his mother, finds solace in a mysterious book entitled The Shadow of the Wind, by one Julián Carax. But when he sets out to find the author’s other works, he makes a shocking discovery: someone has been systematically destroying every copy of every book Carax has written. In fact, Daniel may have the last of Carax’s books in existence. Soon Daniel’s seemingly innocent quest opens a door into one of Barcelona’s darkest secrets--an epic story of murder, madness, and doomed love. This book has many twists and turns, if you like that kind of thing. I do, but in my opinion, the author could have tightened this story up a bit and been done with it a bit sooner. (***)

Rick Bragg: Jerry Lee Lewis: His Own Story
This book relating the life and times of rock-and-roll legend Jerry Lee Lewis is the first book of Rick Bragg's that I have read. I was a little disappointed. His writing does not measure up to my expectations. To me, he seems to be more enthralled with his own prose than with the story of Jerry Lee. I would like to have seen more narrative and less "poetic resonance." It seems that the author did very little research into the facts about The Killer's life but instead relied on Jerry Lee's own "storytelling." Others (especially lovers of Bragg's poetic resonance) will likely disagree with my opinion of this book. But I found it a a bit short of the deeply research biography I was expecting. (***)

Lionel Shriver: We Need to Talk About Kevin
Two years before the opening of the novel, the narrator Eva's son, Kevin, murdered seven of his fellow high school students, a cafeteria worker, and the much-beloved teacher who had tried to befriend him. Because his sixteenth birthday arrived two days after the killings, he received a lenient sentence and is currently in a prison for young offenders in upstate New York. Eva relates this chilling story of the murders and the years leading up to the event in a series of letters to her husband. It appears apparent moments after Kevin's birth that something is wrong with this child's emotions and outlook on life. And the problems only get worse as the story unfolds. In the inevitable nature/nurture question, one must consider Kevin's parents. The mother was never cut out for motherhood and the father prefers to turn a blind eye to his son's very serious problems and paint Kevin as a gifted but misunderstood "little boy" The ending will come as a shocking surprise for some. I had already seen the movie, so I saw it coming. (****)

Best of Utah body and mind 2021

We'll Go On Health, well-being and fitness. These topics have been top of mind over the past year and a half, a time that's been dominated by COVID-19. The virus didn't ignore any group&mdashimpacting old and young, healthy and frail, rich and poor.

Surviving it was my 93-year-old relative who has, for years, been confined to a nursing home while struggling with dementia. Everyone on her floor tested positive for the virus but all were, in fact, asymptomatic. Others&mdashmany in the prime of their lives, doing vital work&mdashwere not so lucky. As of mid-June 2021, COVID's worldwide toll includes the loss of 3.81 million lives (600,000 in the U.S., with more than 2,300 in Utah).

We dedicate this issue of Best of Utah Body and Mind to those souls we've lost and to those caregivers who have worked tirelessly during the pandemic to provide health care and well-being to patients and clients during an incredibly challenging time.

More than 2,100 City Weekly readers voted for this year's top doctors, dentists, therapists, gyms, martial arts trainers and more. In addition, we'd like to share a few shoutouts related to COVID care from City Weekly's Instagram page (please post yours on our feed):

"We'd like to thank our nurse Libby and phlebotomist Jane for their patience through the last year with changing safety protocols and for the outstanding care they delivered to our patients with smiles each day."
[email protected]

"The Urban Indian Center of Salt Lake (UICSL) vaccinated staff (Native and non-Native) and household members (Native and non-Native) free of charge. This is still available."
[email protected]

"I would like to thank all the staff at the Salt Palace for my vaccinations!"
[email protected]

"Big shout out to Dr. Mitchell Goff for his work on my retinas. A very challenging year getting my vision back but came out the other side back to normal. Thanks!"
[email protected]

"Thank you to everyone at Utah Therapeutic Health Center for helping patients in need get their medical cannabis cards during the very beginning of shutdown and throughout the whole pandemic. Because of them, I've been able to become a medical cannabis patient and improve my health during the pandemic."
[email protected]_the_chel

In the year ahead, as things return to a new normal, we hope this issue will put you in touch with providers in more than 100 categories who might assist you in living a healthier&mdashand more fit&mdashlife. It's an ideal way to honor those who are not here any longer.
&mdashJerre Wroble

Best Addiction Recovery
Odyssey House
Odyssey House was founded in 1967 by Dr. Judianne Densen-Gerber, a resident psychiatrist working at Metropolitan Hospital in New York City who was dissatisfied with the practice of using methadone as the primary therapeutic intervention for heroin users. She worked with 17 ex-addicts/patients to form a peer-driven community in East Harlem. The rest is history, resulting in worldwide group residence and group therapy programs. In Utah, OH offers teen residential treatment, sober housing, adult outpatient service and a medical clinic at various locations with an amazing success rate. Graduates say it's a tough, no BS program that changes lives for the better by helping addicts recover and live sober. (Babs De Lay) Multiple locations, OdysseyHouse.org
2. Fit to Recover
3. Ascend Recovery

Best Allergist
Elizabeth (Libby) A. Kelly, MD
It's great to have a Utah native and graduate resident of the University of Utah Medical Center come back after finishing an out-of-state fellowship in Virginia. While she was in med school, her dad was stung by a wasp when they were camping in the backwoods of Canada, but she didn't have enough training to help him. He lived. And that's when she decided to focus on allergies in her medical studies. She has a bicoastal knowledge of allergens in different climes, and her patients love her with comments like: "She is committed to finding feasible solutions to the health challenges I face" "I highly recommend Dr. Kelly to others who may be suffering from allergies or asthma." If you can't figure out why you're always sneezing, make an appointment today for relief. (BDL) Intermountain Medical Group, 6272 S. Highland Drive, Murray, 801-871-6000, IntermountainHealthCare.org
2. Robert L. Silge, MD
3. Jonathan A. Olsen, DO

Best Anesthesiologist
Sloan Taylor, MD
A bilingual doctor who graduated from the Universidad Autonoma de Guadalajara Facultad de Medicina and then did his residency in Ohio, Dr. Taylor basically learned how to pass gas for a living! He's affiliated with MountainWest Surgery Center in Bountiful and with the Utah Surgical Center in West Valley City. Usually, patients don't remember the doctor who puts them under, but Dr. Taylor is known as kind and compassionate whether you remember his face or not. One patient reported, "He's the only anesthesiologist I've ever met who seems to actually enjoy interacting with patients." (BDL) Utah Surgical Center, 3715 W. 4100 South, Ste. 100, West Valley City, 801-957-0200, UtahSurgicalCenter.com MountainWest Surgical Center, 1551 S. Renaissance Towne Drive, Ste. 200, Bountiful, 801-383-1111, mountainwestsurgicalcenter.com
2. Mathew L. Romankowski, MD
3. Byron R. Bankhead, MD

Best Back/Spine Center
Aspen Falls Spinal Care Center
There are few things worse than the debilitating pain from a back injury. That's why we have Aspen Falls and its huge staff of chiropractors, physical therapists, massage therapists, and laser light therapists. They claim an impressive 86% success rate in treating herniated and degenerative discs and a 4% reoccurrence rate after one year. They also have specialized training in spinal misalignment, shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee and foot problems&mdashand have unique experience in treating auto accident victims. They leave no stone unturned to treat back pain, including ultrasound, electric stimulation, DRX-9000 and ice-heat therapy. Limp or crawl to Aspen Falls, and you're going to feel so much better when you walk out. (BDL) 370 E. South Temple, No. 100, SLC, 801-658-9394 912 Baxter Drive, Ste. 130, South Jordan, 801-528-6560 AspenFallsSLC.com
2. Salt Lake Chiropractic
3. Canada Chiropractic

Best Cardiologist
James L. Orford, MBChB
After graduating from Harvard with a master's in public health and then completing his MBChB (the equivalent of an MD) at U Cape Town medical school in 1993, James Orford brings more than 28 years of cardiology expertise to his patients. He's certified to treat cardiovascular disease and practice interventional cardiology. Affiliated with Intermountain Medical Center and LDS Hospital, he's experienced with adult congenital heart conditions. This highly rated doctor is one you can trust your heart to. (BDL) Intermountain Heart Institute Cardiology&mdashIntermountain Medical Center, 5169 S. Cottonwood St., Ste 520, Murray, 801-507-3500, IntermountainHealthcare.org
2. Michael J. Cutler, DO
3. Bruce Kenwood, DO

Best Dental Practice
Park City Dental Spa
Given the dread some have of dentistry, the words "dental" and "spa" seem incongruous when used together in a sentence. Yet, this group of tooth fairies makes the experience pleasant with often astonishing outcomes. They offer cosmetic and general dentistry as well as relief from temporomandibular joint (TMJ) issues. Enter the office, and you'll find a relaxing environment with soothing aromatherapy and hand-paraffin massage to eliminate your stress. They have recently added Botox/filler treatments to remove wrinkles, make lips fuller and smooth lines around the mouth and chin. Exceptional dental care is provided by James Abraham, DDS, who has been awarded Park City's Best Dentist for years, and David Sandberg, DDS. (BDL) 1526 Ute Blvd., Ste. 212, Park City, 435-615-8500, ParkCityDentalSpa.com
2. Dental Spa
3. Avenues Dentistry

Best Dentist
Kirkland Graham, DDS
Kirkland Graham is the soul of the Dental Spa in Sugar House who, with his team, created a dentistry practice that has expanded from just drills and fills to an immersive and sensory retreat. He's created a one-stop experience for preventative, cosmetic and maintenance services to help you keep a healthy mouth. Knowing you might have to be dragged kicking and screaming to have your teeth cleaned, the spa offers facials and pedicure from estheticians first. The doc and his hygienists will then gently fit you for a nightguard or sport guard. He can improve your smile with dental bonding, porcelain veneers, crowns and teeth-whitening. (BDL) The Dental Spa, 620 E. 2100 South, SLC, 801-466-6645, TheDentalSpa.com
2. Jared Theurer, DDS
3. John Miller, DDS

Best Dermatologist
Christopher B. Hansen, MD
Utah's "Doogie Howser" lookalike loves his job and makes it a point to avoid hasty decisions. He's an expert in figuring out what makes you itch or what's popping out all over, from acne to skin cancer. He runs the UVA-1 phototherapy program at the U of U Department of Dermatology. This form of phototherapy uses a narrow band of ultraviolet light to suppress the immune imbalance that drives inflammation in many skin diseases. This newest device penetrates deeper into skin and helps clear rashes and diseases in the dermis. His reviews from patients suffering from painful lupus and other autoimmune skin diseases are stellar. (BDL) Midvalley Health Center, 243 E. 6100 South, Murray, 801-581-2955 University Hospital, Dermatology Area E, 50 N. Medical Drive, SLC, 801-581-2955, Healthcare.utah.edu
2. Wendy Matis, MD
3. Douglas M. Woseth, MD

Best ER Physician
Neil Krulewitz, DO
This doctor is not just known for treating the sick and injured but for paying it forward, by teaching and sharing with residents and medical students what he knows about his specialty in both emergency medicine and surgery. His training includes advanced knowledge and skills through the U of U's Emergency Ultrasound Fellowship, and he's a local expert in ultrasound education, research and administration. In other words, he's able to scan beneath your skin without causing any pain. In his spare time, he probably plays the Sonodoc game (you can, too&mdashit's free: sonodocgame.com). He was voted by our readers to be the healer you want on your side if you are suffering a heart attack, traumatic injury or have been in a major accident. (BDL) University of Utah Health, 50 N. Medical Drive, SLC, 801-581-2121, HealthCare.utah.edu
2. Joyce V. Soprano, MD
3. Philip J. Bossart, MD

Best Family Medicine Physician
Ross Brunetti, MD
It's always nice to have a home-grown boy return from advanced medical training to practice in his hometown. Brunetti graduated from Judge Memorial and the University of Utah then trained at the St. Louis University School of Medicine before serving four years on active duty in the Army Medical Corps in Louisiana. He's won this category before, and he consistently gets rave reviews on social media sites. You might see him driving a classic muscle car, or running up Emigration Canyon, or cheering at a Ute's game. He's recently become a rock star of Telehealth, saving patients travel and stress during the pandemic. (BDL) Foothill Family Clinic Cottonwood Heights, 6360 S. 3000 East, Ste. 100, SLC, 801-365-1032, FoothillFamilyClinic.com
2. David G. Cope, MD
3. Amy de la Garza, M.D.

Best Family Practice Clinic
Foothill Family Clinic
Patients say that the folks at FFC are kind and listen well. Isn't that what everyone wants in their family medical experiences? It's the kind of place that welcomes your newborn or your whole family. Some say they have lost their fear of doctors and even needles because of their expertise. The medical group is skilled in cardiology and heart electrical procedures, migraines, newborn care, women's health, LGBTQ health, podiatry and family practice. Think of them as a highly rated team of experts that offer one-stop medical services for a variety of ailments. (BDL) Multiple locations in Salt Lake City, Cottonwood Heights and Draper, FoothillFamilyClinic.com
2. Martindale Clinic
3. Utah Natural Medicine

Best Gastroenterologist
Holly B. Clark, MD
Doctors with this expertise are schooled in diseases of the digestive system. Got too much gas? Irritable bowels? Food intolerance? Constipation/diarrhea? Unfortunately, few women choose this specialty. But Clark came to Utah as a fellow at the University of Utah Medical Center in gastroenterology. She's especially interested in health and nutrition and the correlation between exercise, eating habits and stress management, and she takes a holistic approach to digestive health treatment. Get regular screenings to prevent colon cancer, and she will gladly blow air up your butt to make sure you catch it early because it's so treatable! While she does accept male patients, many of her patients are women because she's found they're more comfortable talking to and being treated by another woman. (BDL) Multiple clinics in Park City, 435-658-7400, and Heber Valley, 435-657-4400, IntermountainHealthcare.org
2. Joseph T. Merrill, MD
3. Christopher I. Maxwell, MD

Best General Surgeon
Angelo Chachas, MD
As a general surgeon who specializes in comprehensive care for men and women with varicose vein disorders and diseases of the breast, thyroid, digestive system, including disorders of the gallbladder, colon and abdominal walls, Dr. Chachas also sees patients with esophageal cancer. Affiliated with St. Mark's and Lone Peak hospitals, he's another Utah native who's a proud U of U grad who finished his residency in Seattle. He's an avid outdoorsman and loves fishing, biking and skiing and knows that when blood cells meet, all will be in vein. (BDL) MountainStar General Surgery, 1250 E. 3900 South, Ste. 460, SLC, 801-262-3564, MountainStarMedicalGroup.com
2. Mark R.Mawhinney, MD
3. Ellen H. Morrow, MD

Best Geriatric Physician
Alison K. Schlisman, MD
This is another doctor who completed a fellowship at the University of Utah and then stayed here to open her practice. Lucky Utah because she leads an innovative primary care clinic for older patients. The Geriatric Patient-Centered Medical Home offers services from a team of caregivers including geriatric nurse practitioners, nurses, a pharmacist and a social worker, all dedicated to providing accessible, comprehensive, high-quality, coordinated care to promote older adult health and wellness. Her patients say that she is a great listener and one said, "I don't want to recommend her to others because she is too good of a doctor!" and another said, "She is by far the best physician I ever had." (BDL) Madsen Health Center, 555 Foothill Blvd., Ste. 203, SLC, 801-581-2628, HealthCare.utah.edu
2. Frederick L. Gottlieb, MD
3. Cynthia Lawlor, MD

Best Home Nursing Care
Solstice Home Health, Hospice & Palliative Care
Facing end-of-life decisions is daunting and can be overwhelming. Enhancing the quality of life during this time is the specialty of this group, bringing peace of mind to the family and top-notch care to the patient. They strive to preserve people's dignity with medical care from specialist physicians and nurses, social workers and hospice aides while practicing an East-meets-West philosophy. Services include therapeutic touch, pet therapy, aroma therapy, massage, reiki and music therapy with a mix of in-patient medical care. The staff is versed in home medical equipment, hospice-related medication and bereavement counseling, too. If you or someone you love needs help, these folks should be on your team to the very end. (BDL) Multiple locations in Salt Lake City and Ogden, SolsticeHC.com
2. Community Nursing Services
3. Sunrise Senior Living

Best Hospice Care
Community Nursing Services
These angels have been caring for our community for over 90 years! It's Utah's oldest nonprofit home health and hospice care agency operating virtually statewide: Logan, Brigham City, Layton, Salt Lake City, Tooele, Orem, St. George, Price and Moab. They serve regardless of one's ability to pay thanks to their charitable care program, and they hope to create innovative primary-care clinical program for older patients. The Geriatric Patient-Centered Medical Home has an interprofessional team&mdashgeriatric nurse practitioners, nurses, pharmacist and social worker&mdashdedicated to providing accessible, comprehensive, high-quality, coordinated care to promote older adult health and wellness. For 31 years, the nonprofit was led by Maxine Thomas, the late mother of KSL reporter Shelley Thomas. (BDL) Multiple locations, 800-486-2186, cns-cares.org
2. Solstice Home Health, Hospice & Palliative Care
3. Sunrise Senior Living

Best Hospital
University of Utah Hospital
The hospital opened its doors in 1965, the same year Salt Lake County General Hospital closed. This research and teaching hospital serves as a regional referral center for the surrounding states of Idaho, Nevada, Wyoming, Montana and New Mexico. They offer specialties in cardiology, geriatrics, gynecology, pediatrics, rheumatology, pulmonology, neurology, oncology, orthopedics and ophthalmology. Their most famous patient is probably Barney Clark, who received the world's first permanently implanted artificial heart, known as the Jarvik-7. Also bringing fame to the U was Mario R. Capecchi, Ph.D., who won a 2007 Nobel Prize as a gene targeting pioneer. University Hospitals & Clinics relies on more than 1,100 board-certified physicians, 10 community clinics and several specialty centers, including the Cardiovascular Center, the Clinical Neurosciences Center, and the Utah Diabetes Center. (BDL) 50 N. Medical Drive, SLC, 801-581-2121, HealthCare.utah.edu/hospital
2. Intermountain Healthcare
3. St. Mark's Hospital

Best Doctor of Internal Medicine
Celia A. Garner, MD
One of every four physicians in the U.S. is an internist, treating patients with back pain, urinary stones, gout, shingles, acute deep vein thrombosis and more. This doctor has received three rather important awards via Vitals, On-Time Doctor Award: Patients Choice (given to a particular physician who has made a difference in the lives of their patients) On-Time Doctor Award (given to doctors for timeliness of appointments) and Compassionate Doctor Recognition (for physicians who treat their patients with the utmost kindness). She's so popular, she's not currently accepting new patients. (BDL) Intermountain Medical Center and LDS Hospital, 801-408-7500, IntermountainHealthCare.org
2. Daniel J. Ricks, MD
3. Douglas M. Romney, MD

Best LASIK Center
John A. Moran Eye Center
This is the largest eye care center in the Mountain West with 11 locations as well as several research labs that study glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration. They have a great philosophy that no person with a blinding condition, eye disease or visual impairment should be without hope, understanding and treatment. This is the go-to place for cataracts, glasses and optometry, glaucoma, LASIK, retinal diseases, eye surgery for adults and children, blocked tear ducts, lazy eye, botulinum injections and degenerative eye disorders. This University of Utah center was named after a graduate from the class of 1954 who majored in banking and finance after serving as an aerial photographic intelligence officer at Pearl Harbor. (BDL) 65 Mario Capecchi Drive, SLC, 801-581,2352, HealthCare.utah.edu
2. The Eye Institute of Utah
3. Hoopes Vision

Best Mental Health Treatment Center
Odyssey House
As the largest and most comprehensive addiction program in Utah, Odyssey House prides itself on treating the "whole person." To enter the program, you must give up your drugs of choice, and you can't use cannabis while living there. They help patients overcome barriers that they face and produce a whole-person change. Evaluation can include questions about past triggering events, mental health, medical history, family and legal issues, etc. They offer transportation to the facility and have medical staff to help with opiate and meth withdrawal, alcohol and benzo addiction&mdashall with outstanding treatment success rates. (BDL) Multiple locations, OdysseyHouse.org
2. Valley Behavioral Health
3. Huntsman Mental Health Institute

Best Neurologist
Elena James, MD
This doctor helps patients with neurological disorders such as epilepsy, ALS, migraines, MS, Parkinson's and stroke&mdashall things associated with the brain and nervous system. After running tests and diagnosing conditions, she formulates a treatment plan that may involve medication management, special therapies and lifestyle changes. She's known for her work with deep-brain stimulation for conditions such as hand tremors that may worsen with movement. Her treatment arsenal includes not only medication but a deep brain "pacemaker for the brain" that sends pulsations through the nervous system. As tremors get worse, she can adjust the unit to decrease shaking. In her personal life she understands and practices Zen and sitting meditation&mdashgood for her deep brain. (BDL) 82 S. 1100 East, Ste. 103, SLC, 801-505-5370, NeuroScienceRehab.com
2. Patrice A. Duvernay, MD
3. Dorothy L. Williams, MD, Ph.D.

Best Neuropsychologist
Sam Goldstein, Ph.D.
A neurologist treats the physical connections from nerves and the brain to treat medical disorders. A psychologist focuses on emotions and mental health. A neuropsychologist focuses on cognitive changes resulting from central nervous system disease or injury, such as Parkinson's disease or other movement disorders. Goldstein is an adjunct assistant professor at the University of Utah School of Medicine and is clinical director of the Neurology Learning and Behavior Center, specializing in forensics, school psychology and child development. He is also a New York Times bestselling author, international speaker and musician. His two dozen-plus books are both for adults (autism spectrum disorders, learning disabilities, etc.) and kids (Some Kids Just Can't Sit Still!, Little Sherrie and the Anywhozz Circus) (BDL) Neurology, Learning and Behavior Center, 230 S. 500 East, Ste. 100, SLC, 801-532-1484, SamGoldstein.com
2. Antonietta Russo, Ph.D.
3. Kelly D. Garrett, Ph.D.

Best Nurse Practitioner
Margaret Grogan, FNP
Margaret Grogan built her nursing and patient care experience working in a variety of settings including home health care nursing, patient care coordination, and hospital inpatient medical/oncology nursing. Her specialties include adult medicine, health education and preventative care. She graduated with honors from the Westminster College nursing program with a master's in Family Nursing Practice. She is often the first medical person you might see when you're feeling under the weather, and when necessary, she will refer you to a specialist or treat you and send you home. (BDL) Millcreek Wasatch Clinic, 1160 E. 3900 South, Ste.1000, 801-262-1771, SLC, GrangerMedical.com/providers/margaret-grogan-fnp
2. Merin M. Kinikini, FNP
3. Jessica L. Arbogast, FNP

Brooke L. Hansen, MD
After completing her residency at the University of Utah, Dr. Hansen decided to remain in Utah to provide obstetrics and gynecological care. Her practice includes helping women with uncomplicated pregnancies as well as certain high-risk pregnancies, preventive health care including cervical and breast cancer prevention/screening, lifestyle counseling, and contraceptive maintenance. She helps women with their gynecological concerns at all stages of life including abnormal menstrual bleeding, vaginitis, menopause, hormone replacement needs, urinary incontinence, uterine and ovarian masses, pelvic pain and fertility. She likes to say, "I love to operate but am actually a minimalist at heart. I think of myself as a true OB-GYN generalist in that I enjoy all aspects of this field and feel that I have a knack for helping people feel comfortable in sometimes vulnerable or anxiety-provoking circumstances." (BDL) Avenues Women's Center, 370 Ninth Ave., Ste. 205, SLC, 801-408-6100, IntermountainHealthcare.org
2. Jason Johnson, MD
3. Hannele M. Laine, MD

Best Oncologist
Anna C. Beck, MD
Dr. Beck is director of Supportive Oncology and Survivorship and an investigator at Huntsman Cancer Institute (HCI). She is a professor and director of the University Supportive and Palliative Care Program at the University of Utah School of Medicine. Beck's areas of interest are end-of-life care, communication skills training and female cancers. As director of Supportive Oncology and Survivorship, she works to broaden support for cancer patients and their caregivers throughout the spectrum of a cancer diagnosis. She is also the hospice medical director at Community Nursing Services Home Health and Hospice and medical director for Huntsman at Home, helping to improve cancer patient care. Patients report that she "pays it forward" helping patients and their caregivers through their journey. (BDL) Huntsman Cancer Hospital, Clinic 3A, Center for Breast Health, 1950 Circle of Hope, SLC, 801-587-4241 5126 W. Daybreak Parkway, South Jordan, 801-213-4518 Healthcare.utah.edu
2. DiSean Kendall, MD
3. Erika C. Lloyd, MD

Best Ophthalmologist/ Eye Surgeon
Zachary J. Zavodni, MD
Dr. Zavodni is a Salt Lake City native who returned here after earning his medical degree at Duke University. He specializes in the treatment of corneal disease, glaucoma and refractive surgery, including all-laser LASIK. Dr. Zavodni is very experienced in vision-correction surgery as well as the treatment of complex eye diseases such as keratoconus. Patients say that Dr. Zavodni is up on the latest treatments and also has a warm and compassionate way about him. (Carolyn Campbell) The Eye Institute, 755 E. 3900 South, SLC, 801-266-2283, TheEyeInstitute.com
2. Francis J. Wapner, MD
3. Bradley Anderson, MD

Best Optometrist
Spencer D. Mortensen, OD
With more than 46 years of diverse optometry experiences, Dr. Spencer Mortensen is a seasoned optometrist who cooperates with many other doctors and specialists in University of Utah Adult Services medical group. He is excellent for general eye care, but for diagnosing complex sight-related issues he is the "best of the best." The icing on the cake is his humor, vast store of memorized poems and genuine concern for patients as individuals. (CC) 462 E. 100 South, SLC, 801-532-5176, HealthCare.utah.edu
2. Stephen Brockbank, OD
3. Brittany Capstick, OD

Best Oral Surgeon
Adam McCormick, DDS, FACS
After observing an oral and maxillofacial surgeon at work, Dr. McCormick loved the idea that oral surgeons both operate and administer anesthesia, interacting closely with dentists in overall patient care. He started the first oral and maxillofacial surgery program at Utah's first dental school &mdashRoseman University. In his true passion, private practice, he cares for patients at Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons of Utah. Patients describe him as friendly, informative and professional. (CC) 2297 N. Hill Field Road, Building A, Ste. 105, Layton, 801-758-5003 65 W. 400 North, Ste. 102, Bountiful, 801-758-5003, OMSofUtah.com
2. Dennis DeDecker, DDS
3. Judd E. Partridge, DMD

Best Orthodontist
John Graham, DDS MD
John Graham is one of a few orthodontists in the United States who is also a licensed physician. He is one of Utah's leading Invisalign providers. Invisalign is an orthodontic treatment that straightens teeth without metal braces. Along with adults, nearly half of his teen and preteen patients benefit from Invisalign technology. Patients feel that Dr. Graham's knowledge and expertise contribute to a detailed understanding of complex situations. (CC) 705 E. 900 South, No. 300, SLC, ⨱-917-4746, GrahamOrtho.com
2. Michael Richards, DDS
3. Blake Maxfield, DDS

Best Orthopedic Surgeon
Daniel Gibbs, MD
Orthopedic surgeon Daniel Gibbs specializes in preserving the hip, knee and shoulder. He uses nonoperative, minimally invasive, and arthroscopic techniques to improve patients' function and return them to daily activities. He has served as a team physician for the USC football team, LA Kings and LA Dodgers, along with providing medical care for professional athletes in Chicago. Patients value his conservative treatment approach along with his experience in caring for professional athletes. (CC) Heiden Orthopedics, 6360 S. 3000 East, No. 210, SLC, ⣃-615-8822, HeidenOrtho.com
2. Eric Heiden, MD
3. Roy Trawick, MD

Best Osteopathic Physician
Mark Peterson, DO
Not to be confused with orthopedics&mdasha specialty that focuses on joints, bones and muscles&mdashosteopathy treats the whole person. This is because everything in the body is connected at one level or another. Mark Peterson is a sports medicine physician who uses conservative treatment to try to prevent surgery when possible. His board certifications in both family and sports medicine give him a great general knowledge of the body and understanding of sports medicine techniques that include concussion care, ultrasound guided injections and platelet-rich plasma therapy. Patients know him for being personable and especially skilled with injections. He currently helps cover Skyline High School athletics. (CC) Heiden Orthopedics, 6360 S. 3000 East, No. 210, SLC, 435-615-8822, HeidenOrtho.com
2. Rebecca Zingg, DO
3. Layne Hermansen, DO

Best Ear, Nose & Throat Physician
Richard R. Orlandi, MD
Richard Orlandi is a Salt Lake City ENT-otolaryngologist. After completing his training in 1998 as a rhinologist, he has, for more than 20 years, focused on the treatment of complex problems of the nose, sinuses and anterior skull base. A patient who considered Dr. Orlandi to be his last hope said, "Because of his skill, I had no scars, no bruising and a very quick recovery." (CC) 50 N. Medical Drive, No. 3C120, SLC, 801-587-8368, Healthcare.utah.edu
2. Jeffrey S. Keyser, MD
3. David K. Palmer, MD, FACS

Best Pain Clinic
Earth Center Acupuncture
Because Rebecca Conde was profoundly affected by her own personal experience with acupuncture and Chinese herbs, she ultimately shifted her focus from pursuing a naturopathic medicine doctorate program and became a certified Chinese medicine practitioner. Her medical science foundation has also greatly benefited her patients. One describes her as "a lovely mix of strength and gentleness," then adds, "You can see wisdom in her eyes as she works with a calm focus." (CC) 2178 S. 900 East, No. 6, SLC, ⢑-722-4252, EarthCenterAcupuncture.com
2.Cameron Wellness Center
3.The Albano Clinic

Best Pediatrician
Jennifer A. Cox, MD
Originally from New York, Dr. Cox earned her MD from the University of Alabama at Birmingham and did her pediatric residency at the U of U. She's been board certified with the American Academy of Pediatrics since 1993. Trained in lactation issues and offering consultations for mothers who are having breastfeeding problems, she is said to be pragmatic, thoughtful and kind. Known for trusting parents' instincts and for listening to children, Dr. Cox is highly rated for being thorough, no-nonsense, personable and caring. (CC) Sunnyside Pediatrics, 24 S. 1100 East., No. 301, SLC, 801-521-2640, SunnySidePeds.com
2. Jed B. VanDenBerghe, MD
3. Roland P. Dimick, MD

Best Periodontist
Jeffrey S. Knight, DDS
The son of Dr. Melvin Knight, a pioneering periodontist in Utah and the Intermountain states, Jeff Knight completed his postdoctoral specialty training at Oregon Health Sciences. He is known as a skilled oral surgeon who is particularly proficient in providing implants. A patient describes him as "a true gentleman and everyone likes him. His prices are quite reasonable, and he gives a 10 % discount if you pay in full." (CC) Utah Periodontal Specialists, 1955 S. 1300 East, SLC, 801-487-5807, UtahPerio.com
2. LaRissé Skene, DMD
3. Troy H. Winegar, DDS

Best Physical Therapist
Susan R. McLaughlin, MPT
The three-time winner in this category, Susan McLaughlin of Align Integration & Movement has the reputation as one of the finest physical therapists in Utah. With more than 20 years of experience, McLaughlin created Align Integration & Movement with a holistic and eclectic approach to ensure her patients don't have to live in pain. (Michael Saltas) Align Integration & Movement, 1817 S. Main, Ste. 10, SLC, ⨱-859-4142, AlignForHealth.com
2. Sarah McNurlin, DPT
3. Esther Smith, DPT, cert. MPT

Best Physician Assistant
Whitney Schroeder, PA-C
Graduating summa cum laude from Auburn University while a member of their volleyball team, Whitney Schroeder combined her academic and athletic talents to make a powerhouse career in the orthopedic and sports medicine world. Prior to joining Heiden Orthopedics, run by former Olympic gold medalist Eric Heiden, Schroeder received her master's in medical science from Nova Southern University in Fort Lauderdale. (MS) Heiden Orthopedics, 6360 S. 3000 East, No. 210, SLC, 435-615-8822, HeidenOrtho.com
2. Kelsey Udy, PA
3. Cynthia L. Papadopoulos, PA-C

Best Plastic Surgeon (Cosmetic)
Angela Keen, MD PLLC
Living and practicing in Utah since her residency began in 1995, Angela Keen has developed a "keen" attention to detail in the cosmetic surgery field. Specializing in female plastic surgery and skin care, Keen's procedures range from head to toe and everything in between. Along with all of her education and accolades, Keen is a member of the renowned American Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgeons. (MS) 2750 E. Cottonwood Pkwy. Ste. 540, SLC, 801-278-9062, AngelaKeen.com
2. Brian Reuben, MD, 22 Plastic Surgery
3. Renato Saltz, MD

Best Plastic Surgeon (Reconstructive)
Thomas J. Oberg, MD
A native of Long Island, New York, Thomas Oberg served in the Marine Corps before pursuing his medical education and career in oculofacial plastic surgery. Dr. Oberg's practice includes management of facial and orbital trauma and fractures, skin cancer reconstruction surgery, tumor resection, tear drain surgery and surgery on the brow or eyelids to address impaired vision. (MS) The Eye Institute of Utah, 755 E. 3900 South, SLC, 801-363-3356, StillCanyonPlastics.com
2. Isak Goodwin, MD
3. Drake Vincent, MD

Best Podiatrist
Jason Dickerson, DPM
A repeat winner in this category, the people of Utah know that the first step to recovering from a foot injury is calling Dr. Dickerson of Heiden Orthopedics. An avid thrill seeker himself&mdashDickerson enjoys motocross, mountain biking, skiing, and other activities hard on the legs&mdashDickerson understands that lower leg injuries shouldn't keep you sidelined from doing what you love. (MS) Heiden Orthopedics, 6360 S. 3000 East, No. 210, SLC, 435-615-8822, HeidenOrtho.com
2. Craig L. Larsen, DPM
3. Elizabeth E. Auger, DPM

Best Psychiatrist
Kamile M. Weischedel, MD
The Huntsman Mental Health Institute (formerly University Neuropsychiatric Institute or UNI) is where you'll find Kamile Weischedel. Her scope of treatment ranges from patients with autism, obsessive-compulsive disorder, anxiety and depressive disorders. Along with her extensive education, she is board-certified in psychiatry by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. (MS) Huntsman Mental Health Institute, 501 Chipeta Way, SLC, 801-583-2500, HealthCare.Utah.edu
2. Michaela Mohr, MD
3. Nathanael W. Ridge, PA-C, Ph.D.

Best Psychotherapist/Counselor
Sunny Strasburg, LMFT
Specializing in individual, marriage and family counseling, Strasburg earned her professional stripes at an in-patient adult drug and alcohol treatment facility. Strasburg's focus is energizing and inspiring people she feels a calling to bring psychedelic medicine to people recovering from trauma, depression and anxiety. She has a deep knowledge of psilocybin, a growing treatment in the country. (MS) Sunny Strasburg Therapy, SunnyStrasburgTherapy.com
2. Caroline Pegram, LCSW
3. Parth Gandhi, Ph.D

Best Pulmonologist
Lara L. Hardman, MD
Does your sleeping pattern or quality bog you down? You may want to pay Lara Hardman a visit. Hardman, a pulmonary disease and sleep medicine doctor, specializes in diagnosing, treating and preventing diseases of the respiratory system, which affects sleep. Sleep and pulmonary issues can arise at any age, and Hardman is there to ensure you and your family can rest easy at night. (MS) Intermountain Healthcare, 2000 S. 900 East, SLC, 801-464-7510, IntermountainHealthcare.org
2. Wayne M. Samuelson, MD
3. Mary Beth Scholand, MD

Best Radiologist
Thomas C. Winter, MD, MA
From offering patient care to delivering more than 700 lectures both in the U.S. and abroad on topics ranging from obstetric sonography to ultrasound-guided biopsies, abdominal transplant organ imaging, virtual colonoscopy and related fields, Tom Winters seems to be about all things imaging, ultrasound and tomography. His work has appeared in dozens of publications and book chapters, scientific presentations, three books and has resulted in three patents. Our readers concur that Dr. Winter is the best radiologist around. (MS) University of Utah Hospital, 50 N. Medical Drive, SLC, 801-581-7553, Healthcare.utah.edu

Best Registered Nurse
Libby Roulette, RN
The consecutive Best Registered Nurse winner, patients know who has their best interests at heart. Roulette graduated from Yavapai College in Arizona and with her degree in nursing in 2015. Since then, her focus has ranged from long-term care and pain management to alternative mental health treatment and assisting in natural births. (MS) Utah Natural Medicine, 242 S. 400 East, No. 2609, SLC, 801-363-8824, UtahNaturalMedicine.com
2. Katrina Holmberg, RN
3. Margot Wolfer, RN

Best Retirement Community
Legacy Retirement Communities
Those with family members in retirement villages and assisted living communities know that the need for independence and maintaining dignity are vital for residents to commit to the transition. Legacy communities prioritize those qualities with their residents. At Legacy, they find the balance between helping with daily activities and promoting independence among those in care. (MS) Multiple Locations, 801-269-0700, LegacyRetire.com
2. Summit Vista
3. Highland Cove

Best Rural Utah Medical Center
Heber Valley Hospital
Heber Valley Hospital is a full-service, 19-bed hospital in Wasatch County with high-quality wellness, diagnostic and treatment services. Now part of the Intermountain group, Heber Valley Hospital has a variety of highly skilled caregivers, advanced technology and a personal touch. Their new partnership with Intermountain improves outcomes and lowers costs. (MS) 454 E. Medical Way, Heber City, 435-654-2500, IntermountainHealthcare.org
2. Northpointe Medical Park

Best Urgent Care Clinic
Exodus Healthcare Urgent Care
Urgent care facilities faced an unexpected and unprecedented task over the past year and a half handling the coronavirus. Added to that were the countless other everyday maladies and injuries. Among those providing outstanding urgent care during this challenging time was Exodus Healthcare. The care center is housed in a state-of-the-art, 39,000-square-foot facility, serving those in need in Magna and neighboring communities. (MS) 3665 S. 8400 West, Magna, 801-250-9638, ExodusHealthcare.com
2. Granger Medical Clinic
3. Intermountain Healthcare Urgent Care

Best Urologist
Peter A. Caputo, MD
The Caputo family is no stranger to Best of Utah awards&mdashPeter's younger brother, Matt, followed in the footsteps of their late father, Tony, at Caputo's Market and Deli. Before returning to Utah to practice medicine, Peter Caputo earned his undergraduate degree at Westminster College and then completed a doctorate at Temple University in Philadelphia followed by a residency at the University of Texas in Houston and a fellowship at the Cleveland Clinic. Along with treating patients for urologic health, Caputo serves as an adjunct professor at the University of Utah. (MS) Granger Medical Clinic, 4252 S. Highland Drive, Holladay, 801-993-1800, GrangerMedical.com
2. Lane Childs, MD, FACS
3. Peter C. Fisher, MD

Best Women's Health Clinic
Planned Parenthood Association of Utah
Founded in 1916, Planned Parenthood has been providing patients with preventative care, birth control, testing and treatment for sexually transmitted infections, pregnancy and abortion services, cancer screening and sexual health education for over 100 years. Utah has eight clinics and telehealth services are also available. To help ensure our community will continue to have access to this needed health care for the next 100 years, donations are welcome, and tax deductible. (Megan Wagstaff) Multiple locations, PlannedParenthood.org/planned-parenthood-utah
2. Avenues Women's Center
3. Rocky Mountain Women's Health Center

Best Acupuncturist/Doctor of Chinese Medicine
Amanda Valenti LAc, MSTOM
Specializing in sports medicine and injury rehabilitation, acupuncturist and "healing goddess" Amanda Valenti is passionate about treating women's health, emotional disorders, autoimmune disorders and cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy and radiology. Outside of the clinic, Valenti is an avid mountain biker, climber and snowboarder and is a certified wellness EMT. (MW) Valenti Acupuncture, 1760 S. 1100 East, Ste. 3, SLC, ValentiAcupuncture.com
2. Rebecca Conde, LAc, MAcOM
3. Melissa Zappa, LAc, MAcOM

Best Ayurveda Practitioner
Timothy Lewis, AHC
Founder of Wasatch Ayurveda and Yoga, Timothy Lewis brings a decade of Ayurvedic expertise to Utah, including Jyotish/Vedic astrology readings, panchakarma and wilderness retreats, natural Ayurvedic remedies, Sanskrit and yoga instruction. Current clinic offerings include Chakra Basti therapy, herbal steam tent therapy, cleansing packages, Ayurvedic consultations and more, plus donation-based Kalari and Ashtanga yoga classes. (MW) Wasatch Ayurveda and Yoga, 1967 S. 800 East, SLC, 801-687-4370, WasatchAyurvedaAndYoga.com
2. Josh Williams
3. Allison Ottley, LMT

Best Kinesiology/ Biofeedback Practitioner
Shawn Postma, ND
There are a lot of great reasons to visit Cameron Wellness Center and Spa (just look at this year's Best of Utah Body and Mind winner's list), but perhaps the most recent good reason is Dr. Postma. A certified HeartMath practitioner, Dr. Postma specializes in biofeedback for treating IBS, chronic pain, hypertension, PTSD, anxiety and depression. He is also an expert in heavy metal toxicity, Lyme disease, toxic mold syndrome and breast implant illness. (MW) Cameron Wellness Center, 1945 S. 1100 East, Ste. 100, SLC, 801-486-4226, CameronWellnessAndSpa.com
2. Bre Dumke, MS
3. Michael A. King, LMT

Best Chiropractor
Canada Chiropractic
Dr. Angie Canada of Canada Chiropractic and her team bring a unique understanding of the integrated workings of the body to the (literal) table, partly due to her 13 years as a massage therapist prior to becoming a chiropractor. Graston Technique and Kinesio tape are just a few tricks up Dr. Canada's sleeve to help address neck pain, TMJ, chronic headaches, sports performance and more. The clinic also accepts Veterans Choice insurance and offers assistance enrolling. (MW) 1473 S. 600 East, SLC, 801-487-1010, Canada-Chiropractic.com
2. Salt Lake Chiropractic
3. The Joint Chiropractic

Best Day Spa/Wellness Center
Cameron Wellness Center and Spa
If your idea of integrated wellness is IV therapy, microneedling and acupuncture, you've come to the right place. Or perhaps bioidentical hormone replacement therapy, microdermabrasion and a massage are more your bag. Whatever blend you choose, the Cameron Wellness Center and Spa offers a variety of treatments targeted at helping you feel and look your best. Check their website for package deals and rotating monthly specials. (MW) 1945 S. 1100 East, Ste. 100, SLC, 801-486-4226, CameronWellnessAndSpa.com
2. The Kura Door
3. Basalt Day Spa

Best Dietician/Nutritionist
Savannah Lavenstein, IIN-CHC, RYT
When looking for a dietician or nutritionist, credentials matter. But what sets Savannah Lavenstein apart from the rest of the pack are the credentials you won't see on a certificate, framed and hanging on the office wall. Her entire being has been an education in learning how to heal her own eating and exercise disorders, a lifelong study that allows her to reach her patients on a level not many practitioners can. Visit her at her award-winning clinic, Evergreen Healing. (MW) Evergreen Healing, 1760 S. 1100 East, No. 3, SLC, 719-510-0401, Evergreen-Healing.com
2. Corinna Coffin, MS, RD
3. Anne Dorsey

Best Herbalist
Josh Williams
Co-owner of Greenthread Herbs&mdashwinner of this year's Best Natural Health Store&mdashJosh Williams will tell you his purpose is to bring "verdant inspiration" to those searching for plant-based healing, and he finds passion in formulating custom compounds as unique as the customers who purchase them. An herbalist and educator, he is also a founding member of the Utah Tea Guild and Wasatch Herb Festival and teaches at Healing Mountain and the U of U. Schedule an online consultation to discover your herbal allies and keep an eye out for his weekly Instagram educational live streams. (MW) Greenthread Herbs, 376 E. Fourth Ave., SLC, 801-363-0859, GreenthreadHerbs.com
2. Rebecca Conde
3. Bryan Lindquist

Best Natural Health Store
Greenthread Herbs
As if the Avenues weren't cool enough already, friendly neighborhood apothecary Greenthread Herbs makes it even more desirable. Open since June 2018, it offers curated and handcrafted herbal remedies sourced from approximately 200 organic herbs from around the world. Owners Bryan Lindquist and Josh Williams (voted Best Herbalist) collectively bring nearly 25 years of expertise in formulating tinctures, teas and custom compounds. They also offer online Zoom consultations. (MW) 376 E. Fourth Ave., SLC, 801-363-0859, GreenthreadHerbs.com
2. Natural Grocers
3. Dave's Health & Nutrition

Best Integrated Medicine Practice
Utah Natural Medicine
Helping locals heal holistically since 2004, Utah Natural Medicine founders&mdashMatthew Burnett, ND, MSAc, and his wife, Rachel Burnett, ND, MSAc&mdashseamlessly interweave evidence-based science from Western philosophy with age-old Eastern medicinal practices, pulling from a myriad of complementary treatments including TCM, acupuncture, mesotherapy, and naturopathic medicine. Experts at treating everyone from children to aging adults, this beloved clinic offers a lifetime of wellness options for the whole family. (MW) 242 S. 400 East, No. 2609, SLC, 801-363-8824, UtahNaturalMedicine.com
2. Cameron Wellness Center
3. Martindale Clinic

Best Hypnotherapist
Joesephine Lawrence, CHT
Certified hypnotherapist Josephine Lawrence has been utilizing integrated medicine since the age of three when she was diagnosed with Type 1 diabetes. Her journey into the healing arts has led her down paths of acupuncture, herbalism, reiki and breathwork, to name a few, but she is best known in the 9th & 9th neighborhood for her understanding of the unconscious mind at her clinic Hypnoclarity. Hypnotherapy sessions are available in-person or via Zoom. (MW) 801-215-9262, HypnoclaritySLC.com
2. Jolene Shields, CHT
3. Mike Simpson, OMNI-certified

Best Massage Therapist
Leslie Zaragoza, LMT
SLC native Leslie Zaragoza knows a thing or two about the unique massage needs of locals who love the mountains. An avid hiker and paddleboarder herself, she'll find all the right trigger points to relieve tension brought on from repetitive sports movement and has years of experience working on climbers and runners. You can also book appointments with Zaragoza at Ute Crossfit and The Front Climbing Club. (MW) Pure Therapeutic Bodyworks, 1549 S. 1100 East, Ste. C, SLC, ⨱-949-2953, book appointments via Square.Site
2. Sharla Hopkins, LMT, RYT
3. Jessa Munion, LMT

Best Medical Cannabis Doctor (QMP)
Timothy Pickett, PA-C
Founder of UtahMarijuana.org and member of the Society of Cannabis Clinicians, Tim Pickett is a specialist when it comes to medical cannabis education and an advocate for therapeutic cannabis use. He has researched and developed dosing protocols for various conditions shown to be positively affected by medical cannabis and is a resident expert on safe and effective uses of plant-based medicine. (MW) Multiple clinic locations, 801-851-5554, UtahMarijuana.org
2. Heather Dangerfield, DNP, PMHNP
3. Jared R. Lake, MD

Best Naturopathic Doctor
Dr. Todd Cameron, ND
Winning Best of Utah Body and Mind awards for several years running, Dr. Cameron has become a household name synonymous with wellness. He offers holistic solutions for both chronic health concerns and acute illnesses, specializing in treating thyroid, adrenal and other hormone-related disease through naturopathic and botanical medicine, bioidentical hormone replacement therapy, nutrient, neural and IV therapies and platelet rich plasma-injections in the heart of Sugar House. (MW) 1945 S. 1100 East, Ste. 100, SLC, 801-486-4226, CameronWellnessAndSpa.com
2. Dr. Rachel Burnett, ND
3. Dr. Brad Lester, ND, L.Ac.

Best Psychic
Cheryl Forester
Looking for help deciphering the language of the tarot? Seek out fluent tarot speaker Cheryl Forester, aka Cherella, of Forester Tarot. Also an expert in numerology, astrology and palmistry, Forester's clients rely on her for accurate forecasts and soul path readings. She offers individual and group readings, yearly forecasts and even workshops where you can tap into the tarot and become your own trusted reader. (MW) Forester Tarot, 801-797-7590, ForesterTarot.com
2. Suzanne Wagner
3. Michael Ingleby

Best Weight Loss Clinic
Evergreen Healing
Calling Evergreen Healing a weight loss clinic isn't exactly accurate. It is, but it's also a weight gain clinic. Most accurately, it's a nutritional counseling and body image coaching clinic. Founder Savannah Lavenstein, IIN-CHC, RYT, and winner of this year's Best Dietitian/Nutritionist has a lifetime of experience dealing first-hand with eating and exercise disorders and is uniquely qualified to compassionately guide you to better health. (MW) 1760 S. 1100 East, No. 3, SLC, 719-510-0401, Evergreen-Healing.com
2. Revere Health Weight Loss and Nutrition Centers
3. SLC Med Spa CoolSculpting

Best Aerial Silks Classes
Kairos Fitness
The largest aerial and pole fitness center in Utah, Kairos Fitness offers ample room to drop, spin, invert, climb and soar to your heart's content&mdashplus the yoga and flexibility classes you'll need to master splits and other stretches in silks, hoops and hammocks. Best of all, prices are surprisingly affordable compared to many other (much less fun) gym and fitness club memberships. (MW) Multiple locations, 801-393-2421, DanceKairos.com
2. Onyx Pole and Aerial Fitness Studio
3. Awaken Studios

Best Barre Fitness
The Bar Method
Let's be honest: When you decide you want to get in better shape, you want to do it as quickly as possible. The Bar Method's signature technique is a fast and efficient way to reach your fitness goals, reshaping your entire body using your own body weight and a ballet barre. Incorporating elements of Pilates and yoga, it's a high-rep, low-impact, results-driven workout guaranteed to exercise muscles you didn't even know you had. (MW) 1057 E. 2100 South, SLC, 801-485-4227, BarMethod.com
2. Align Fitness Studio
3. Pure Barre

Best Boot Camp
Fit to Recover
Fit to Recover boot camp, founded by Ian Acker in 2015, began as a small gathering of friends running at Sugar House Park on Saturdays, supporting each other and their sobriety through exercise. Today, Acker still holds boot camp at the park when the weather is warm. Otherwise, you can drop by the west-side gym where you'll also find fitness, endurance and yoga classes, plus nutrition education, in a welcoming atmosphere geared to helping you be your best self. (MW) 789 W. 1390 South, SLC, 801-410-8988, Fit2Recover.org
2. Seek Studio
3. F45

Best Boxing Club/Kickboxing
Rebel House
What do you call boxing that combines the energy of group fitness with powerful strength training, cardio and conditioning? Rebel Riot. This no-nonsense routine lasts 10 rounds over 45 minutes where you'll be encouraged to fight for yourself and your personal best to the very end. It's not exactly kickboxing, but you'll definitely get a kick (or your butt kicked) in this HIIT-inspired class at Rebel House, also voted Best Private Gym. (MW) 320 W. 200 South, SLC 2230 S. 700 East, SLC 801-718-7448, Rebel-House.com
2. Title Boxing
3. Ultimate Combat Training Center

Best Rock-Climbing Wall
Momentum Indoor Climbing
Dotted along the Wasatch Front, Momentum offers tens of thousands of total climbable feet, plus yoga classes and cardio and fitness spaces. Since the family that belays together stays together, head to Millcreek for a dedicated kids area, a 50-foot-tall arch, over 100 top-rope routes, crack climbing and a massive bouldering area. Those residing farther south can take advantage of locations in Sandy and Lehi. At Momentum, there's a route and fitness routine for everyone. (MW) Multiple locations, MomentumClimbing.com
2. The Front
3. U of U Climbing

Best Spin Classes
Torrent Cycle
There are two types of people in the world: those who absolutely cannot work out without the perfect song, and those who can. If you're the former, your search for the ideal spin sesh stops here&mdashTorrent Cycle is all about the soundtrack. Downtown and Sugar House classes feature collabs like Janet x Missy, Nicki Minaj x J Cole and Britney x Backstreet Boys. Don't see your preferred pedal-pushing playlist? New 45-minute classes are added each week. P.S. Shoe rentals are free. (MW) Multiple locations, TorrentCycle.com
2. Rebel House
3. Mcycle Studios

Best Senior Fitness Programs
Age Performance
You're never too old to get in shape. In fact, the mantra at Age Performance is, "Act your ability&mdashnot your age." Inside, you'll find state-of-the-art Keiser exercise equipment designed with air-resistance technology to be gentle on joints or opt for new remote coaching online. Couples and family/small-group sessions are also available. (MW) 1291 S. 1100 East, SLC, 801-467-6554, AgePerformance.com
2. SLC Strength and Conditioning
3. Life Centre Athletic Club

Best Kids Fitness Programs
The Little Gym
Kiddos 12 and under will find nearly boundless ways to play, learn and grow with The Little Gym's array of gymnastics, dance and enrichment classes, plus seasonal camps for kids 3 and up. Now in its 45th year, the gym's holistic approach expertly nurtures and combines aspects of physical activity, listening and decision-making skills, teamwork and leadership, as well as instilling a lifelong appreciation for joy through movement. (MW) 1400 S. Foothill Drive, No. 250, SLC, 801-876-5323, TheLittleGym.com
2. SLC Strength and Conditioning
3. Rise Athletic Club

Best Fitness/Aerobics Class Instructor
Sarah Betts
Teacher and co-founder of Seek Studio (awarded Best Interval & Circuit Training), Sarah Betts is all about mindful movement. With a master's degree in holistic nutrition and nearly a decade of yoga instruction under her Lululemon belt bag, she knows how to take you from sun salutation to full-on sweat sesh and back down to savasana like she's been doing it all her life. Sign up for her FLOW: Strong class and see what we mean. (MW) 1790 S. 1100 East, Ste. 201, SLC, 385-355-4830, SeekStudioSLC.com
2. Mike Barney
3. Gianna Colosimo

Best Gymnastics Training
Gymnastics Training Center
Becoming a gymnast is about so much more than strength and flexibility. It's about overcoming your fears, and no one knows that better than the experienced instructors at GTC. The majority of them love training on the beam, the gymnasts' ultimate test of both mental and physical skill. And with classes for kids as young as preschool, GTC proves it's never too early to start building confidence and self-esteem. (MW) 1470 E. 3300 South, SLC, 801-433-0801, UtahGTC.com
2. Utah Tumbling Academy
3. Elite Gymnastics

Best Interval/Circuit Training
Seek Studio
Seek Studio&mdashwhere functional fitness meets mindful movement&mdashsplits up their training into three categories: yoga, functional training and indoor cycling. Beginners are welcome, but instructors here&mdashincluding Best of Utah Body and Mind winner Sarah Betts&mdashexcel at pushing you to your personal best with challenging workouts for all skill levels. So, if you're bored of the same old/same old, Seek can help take you further on your fitness journey. (MW) 1790 S. 1100 East, Ste. 201, SLC, 385-355-4830, SeekStudioSLC.com
2. Rebel House
3. F45

Best Martial Arts School
Combat Arts Strength & Conditioning
Founded by John McKean (Best of Utah Body and Mind Best Martial Arts Instructor), Combat Arts Strength & Conditioning is a Brazilian jiu-jitsu school that also offers group fitness classes. CASC specializes in Gi and NoGi jiu-jitsu, as well as jiu-jitsu for kids, and is open to all skill levels. Classes are free to try and the upstairs Church & State co-working area provides free wi-fi, coffee and snacks to all CASC students. (MW) 370 S. 300 East, SLC, ⨱-428-7612, CombatArtsSC.com
2. Gracie Jiu-Jitsu
3. Bernales Institute of Martial Arts

Best Martial Arts Instructor
John McKean
John is a 2nd degree Pedro Sauer Brazilian jiu-jitsu black belt with over 20 years of training and competition history. He's also a former professional MMA fighter. John founded Combat Arts Strength & Conditioning in 2015 and has grown it into an amazing community of people who are excited to learn jiu-jitsu and embrace the positive impact it has on their lives. In fact, nearly every five-star Google review mentions John by name&mdashhere, you're truly learning jiu-jitsu from the best. (MW) Combat Arts Strength & Conditioning, 370 S. 300 East, SLC, 801-428-7612, CombatArtsSC.com
2. Will Bernales
3. Logan Yuen

Best Tai Chi/Qigong Instructor
Scott White
In 2010, Scott White founded Qigong and Tai Chi Utah. He is a certified teacher of qigong and tai chi and is certified in Tai Chi Easy&trade and Tai Chi Chair. With over 25 years' experience as a personal fitness trainer and sports trainer and health coach, White is proud to share his excitement for Tai Chi healing arts with his students and regularly teaches outdoor classes with plenty of room for social distancing. (MW) Qi Gong and Thai Chi Utah, ⨱-556-5964, QiGongUtah.com
2. Toni Lock, BS, EP-C, CPI, RYT200
3. Master Lu

Best Personal Trainer
Erin Butler, CNT
Erin Butler is a certified nutrition therapist who has also received her Level 1 certification with the Nutritional Coaching Institute as a nutrition coaching specialist and is a certified personal trainer through the American Council on Exercise. As an advocate for balancing both mental and physical health, she finds passion in empowering others to find balance, define their own idea of health, and give them tools to achieve their best self. (MW) BE Nutrition & Training, Be-Nutrition.com
2. Stephen Pizza, BS, M.Ed., CSCS/NSCA
3. Anne Casstevens, StrongFirst Elite Instructor

Best Pilates Studio
Roll Pilates, yoga and massage all into one studio and you've got Holladay darling, Rocksteady. Locals rave about the Pilates classes, which encompass mat, reformer-less and burn-reformer Pilates in rejuvenating and invigorating 60-minute sessions designed to deliver noticeable results. As one reviewer said, "Rocksteady is a rock-solid beautiful place for movement and exploration." (MW) 4689 Holladay Blvd., Holladay, 801-277-9166, RockSteadyBodyWorks.com
2. Movement Design Lab
3. Peak 45

Best Pole Fitness
Onyx Pole and Aerial Fitness Studio
Have you ever thought, "Oops, I accidentally worked out?" Yeah, me neither. But at Onyx, that's exactly what they offer&mdashthe "accidental workout" to help you achieve better health through fitness made fun. How fun? Think five levels of pole dancing and choreographed routines full of spins, climbs, elbow stands, fan kicks, inverts, shoulder mounts, handsprings and more, all in an inclusive atmosphere that will coax out your sassy inner pole dancer. (MW) 8385 Allen St., No. 114, Sandy, 801-652-9575, DanceSaltLake.com
2. The Salt Mine
3. La Bombe Pole Fitness

Best Private Gym
Rebel House
Think all gyms are the same? Clearly you haven't been to Rebel House. With Sugar House and downtown locations, it has quickly transformed from new kid on the block to owning the block and has a nearly cult-like following of die-hard Rebels who can't get enough of the gym's signature boxing-inspired HIIT classes, indoor cycling and beat based yoga, aptly named Riot, Ride and Rehab, respectively. (MW) Multiple locations, 801-718-7448, Rebel-House.com
2. Fit to Recover
3. SLC Strength and Conditioning

Best Public Recreation Center
SLC Sports Complex
Craving a bit of cardio followed by a cool, refreshing dip in the pool? How about a cycling class and a few spins around the ice rink? Strength training and a soak in the hot tub? SLC Sports Complex delivers the ideal mix of workout and play at prices that make it easy to come back again and again. With the outdoor pool officially open for summer, there's no better time to find a routine you'll love and get your pre-quarantine body back&mdashjust don't forget the SPF. (MW) 645 S. Guardsman Way, SLC, 385-468-1925, SLCO.org/sports-complex
2. The Basin Recreation Fieldhouse
3. Cottonwood Heights Parks & Recreation Service Area

Best Ski/ Snowboard School
Snowbird Ski & Summer Resort
If you "pizza" when you're supposed to "french fry," you're going to have a bad time. Luckily, the expert ski and snowboard instructors at Snowbird will keep you upright and shredding confidently in no time. With lessons for kids, youth and adults, plus private options, multi-week clinics and women's ski camps, there's something for everyone, regardless of age or skill level. You can't beat learning from the best on the best snow on earth at Snowbird. (MW) 9385 S. Snowbird Center Drive, Snowbird, 801-933-2222, Snowbird.com
2. Brighton
3. Alta

Best Community Swimming Pool
Steiner Aquatic Center
The annual opening of the outdoor pool at Steiner Aquatic Center, part of the SLC Sports Complex (Best Public Recreation Center winner), may as well be the unofficial kickoff to summer. Locals love lounging on poolside deck chairs, soaking up the mountain sun, swimming laps and splashing in the wading area. Celebrating its 31st year this July, Steiner also features a heated indoor pool, two diving boards and a hot tub. (MW) 645 S. Guardsman Way, SLC, ⢑-468-1925, SLCO.org/sports-complex
2. I.J. & Jeanné Wagner Jewish Community Center (JCC)
3. Cottonwood Heights Parks & Recreation Service Area

Best Water Aerobics Classes
Sports Mall
Dive into the weekend with a Saturday morning Aqua Zumba class, one of four low-impact water aerobics offerings at the Sports Mall in Murray. Students rave about the top-notch instructors and massive indoor/outdoor pool (covered in the winter) with views of the tennis courts. Go deeper (literally) with a W.E.T. class to focus on strength and cardio or the Wet n' Weights class with water bells. (MW) 5445 S. 900 East, SLC, 801-261-3426, SportsMallGroup.com
2. Cottonwood Heights Parks & Recreation Service Area
3. Kearns Oquirrh Park Fitness Center

Best Tennis Instruction
Liberty Hills Tennis
With the passing of beloved tennis coach Mike Martines in January 2020, Coach Mike's Tennis Academy has transitioned to become Liberty Hills Tennis, LLC, with two locations: one in Liberty Park (aka Liberty HIlls) and the other on the East Bench (aka Wasatch Hills). Liberty Hills has a new hitting wall and has begun offering Saturday morning adult clinics while Wasatch Hills (located on Foothill Boulevard and 1300 South) will receive a new clubhouse and bubble this year. Both locations offer junior and adult classes, as well as private lessons. (MW) 801-583-9451, LibertyHillsTennis.com
2. Salt Lake Tennis and Health Club
3. Sports Mall

Best Weight Training and Instruction
SLC Strength and Conditioning
For many Utahns, lockdowns and unease about safety standards among public places kept them away from the gym for extended periods of time. SLC Strength and Conditioning, which provided sanitizer and temperature checks to patrons, took the pandemic seriously from day one. While also providing virtual training, they are eager to host you for individual and group classes with their friendly and knowledgeable staff. (MS) 3232 S. Highland Drive, Millcreek, 801-810-0373, SLCStrengthAndConditioning.com
2. Able Body and Mind
3. Fit to Recover

Best Yoga Instructor
Larissa Gaul, RYT, MS
After some time at a desk job, Larissa Gaul decided to trade her swivel chair for a yoga mat to become a full-time yoga instructor. Gaul emphasizes breath work to create a dynamic and fulfilling flow, ever changing her classes to fit her clients' specific needs. She has a small candle-lit home studio or is more than happy to come to you, either at your home or online. (MS) 800-959-2497, TakeLessons.com/larissa-g
2. Dillion Chase
3. Jessa Munion

Best Yoga Teacher Training
Rocksteady founder Jessa Munion grew up in Cameroon, Japan, Canada and China. Her world view and open-mindedness gave her the ideal foundation to begin a yoga teacher training company, adapting to the styles of students. Teachers and practitioners at Rocksteady are master "body whisperers" and aim to rejuvenate and invigorate the whole self. (MS) 4689 S. Holladay Blvd., Holladay, 801-277-9166, RocksteadyBodyworks.com
2. Salt Lake Power Yoga
3. Arrichion Hot Yoga

Best Yoga Studio
Salt Lake Power Yoga
Utah's first hot yoga studio, Salt Lake Power Yoga turns up the heat to create a one-of-a-kind yoga experience for members. Based on the foundation of Baptiste yoga, their powerful flow can help you reduce stress, lose weight, recover from injury, increase focus and much more. Regardless of your age or experience, you'll easily find your place at Salt Lake Power Yoga. (MS) 250 E. 300 South, No. 200, SLC, ⨱-468-9642, SaltLakePowerYoga.com
2. Rocksteady
3. Centered City Yoga

Best Acroyoga Classes
Root to Rise
The very intimate form of yoga, known as acroyoga, combines traditional yoga with acrobatics and includes partner and group lifts. Root to Rise instructors are knowledgeable and there to assist in every step and lift and movement. Along with their acroyoga classes, they have an extensive list of other yoga, kids' fitness and workout classes&mdashonline offerings, too. (MS) 160 N. Station Pkwy., Farmington, 801-451-5443, RootToRiseStudio.com
2. Arrichion Hot Yoga
3. Park City Yoga Adventures

Best Fitness Inspiration
Dan Cooney, Torrent Cycle
Torrent Cycle's co-founder Dan Cooney was born and raised in New York and had aspirations of becoming a lawyer and going to Yale. His life trajectory changed when he met his partner, Mike, and together they moved to Salt Lake City, bringing the Torrent Cycle experience&mdashhis true passion&mdashto Utah. According to Cooney, an avid EDM fan, his classes are like "being front row at the Sahara Tent at Coachella." (MS) 252 E. 300 South, SLC, 385-270-5132, TorrentCycle.com
2. Sese Ianu
3. Carrie Goodwin

Best Life Coach
Rachelle Ballard, Terra Health Collective
Rachelle Ballard is the co-founder of Terra Health Collective in Salt Lake City. Locally born, raised and educated, Ballard earned her master's in exercise physiology and wellness coaching from the University of Utah. Her certifications in yoga instructing, personal training and life coaching allow her to create individual and personal programs for individuals seeking improved mental and physical health. (MS) 1760 S. 1100 East, No. 3, SLC, TheLittleWellnessPlace.com

Best Acupuncture Clinic
Flow Acupuncture
After being recognized by City Weekly readers in 2020, the talented team at Flow Acupuncture&mdashMelissa, Mallory and Alessandra&mdashmakes it back-to-back in 2021 as our Body and Mind Best Acupuncture Clinic. Needles and pins make many folks wary, but once you try this ancient remedy, you'll return again for relief from pain, digestive issues, anxiety and insomnia. Each member of the team brings expertise to this practice, from sports medicine to cosmetic acupuncture, fertility and women's health. And now, Alessandra can offer a sound bath/guided meditation acupuncture treatment. (MS) 150 S. 600 East, Ste. 2B, SLC, 385-242-0649, FlowAcupuncture.org

Best Sound Healer
Heal With Leah
So, what exactly is sound healing? In short, it's a practice that uses vibrations to relax your mind and body. Leah Klein started her sound healing process after suffering from anxiety and substance abuse issues&mdashshe found meditation and sound healing helped her out of that dark place, and she hasn't looked back since. Sound meditation practice for Klein is a way to give back to the community and help those in need and improve the lives of her clients. It's available for both individuals and groups. (MS) 801-657-1265, HealWithLeah.com

Best Holistic Spine Care
Intermountain Spine Institute
Spinal problems are among the most painful and debilitating to plague humankind. To manage the myriad issues, Intermountain Spine Institute's clinic offers an integrated approach to back care&mdashstarting with its rapid evaluation of back conditions, utilizing an onsite digital radiology suite and partnering with local imaging centers to provide rapid access to CT, MRI and bone scans. The institute's team of surgeons, physiatrists, physical therapists, even social workers and psychologists allow for a team approach to healing. This clinic stresses providing compassion for patients, which anyone who's endured acute spinal pain can tell you is so often missing in their treatment. (MS) TOSH Medical Tower Bldg., 5770 S. 250 East, Ste. 135, Murray, 801-314-2225, IntermountainHealthcare.org

Best Mole Inspections
Swinyer-Woseth Dermatology
Don't ignore your moles in Utah, a state that boasts one of the highest skin-cancer rates. At Swinyer-Woseth you can be seen for a comprehensive exam of your moles, and it's a good idea to start when you're young. But that's far from all this office can offer. From acne to allergies to fungal diseases, your diagnosis and treatment are in expert hands. That is equally so for cosmetic skin care needs requiring treatments such as Botox, Juvederm or Kybella. Laser hair removal is another service offered at Swinyer-Woseth. (MS) 1548 E. 4500 South, Ste. 202, SLC, 801-266-8841, DWoseth.com

Best Mommy Makeover
Saltz Plastic Surgery & Spa Victoria
Renalto Saltz, MD, long envisioned bringing together a team of medical professionals to provide a wide range of aesthetic services, such as those needed for a "mommy makeover" (i.e., a tummy tuck breast augmentation, lift or reduction liposuction, etc.). From the start to the end of a patient's journey, the Saltz method is designed to achieve a beautiful face and body. The practice is acclaimed nationally and internationally for its cosmetic, plastic and reconstructive work. (MS) 5445 S. Highland Drive, SLC, 801-274-9500 1441 Ute Blvd., Ste. 140, Park City, 435-655-6612 SaltzPlasticSurgery.com

Best Wellness Under One Roof
Terra Health Collective
One roof, many health-care selections. That's what you'll find at Terra Health Collective. From retreats to workshops and training, the team at Terra Health (formerly The Little Wellness Place), offers a new and more spacious gathering spot for yoga, acupuncture, green healing and more under the roof of blue skies and stars. (MS) 1760 S. 1100 East, No. 3, SLC, TheLittleWellnessPlace.com

Best Massage for TMJ
Sarah Jensen, LMT
Those suffering pain and stiffness in the jaw, face and neck from temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders may be unaware of the benefit from massage. It often relieves headache, earache, clenching and difficulty in opening or closing the mouth ("lockjaw"). Sarah Jensen offers a variety of therapeutic massage including Swedish, deep tissue, trigger point and cranial sacral. But her TMJ sessions bring relief from jaw tightness and promote healing for those undergoing dental procedures such as root canals and extractions. (JW) 385-549-9366

Best Pandemic Voice of Reason
Angela Dunn, MD
Utah's former state epidemiologist Angela Dunn likely never dreamed of becoming a household name, but her televised updates at the governor's pandemic press conferences were highly regarded. Not afraid to advocate for science-based efforts to contain the virus, she spoke in favor of mask mandates and social distancing and against decisions such as the state's proposed purchase of hydroxychloroquine that some hoped might prevent or treat the virus (the FDA has since withdrawn the drug from emergency use). For her life-saving contributions, Dunn faced down anti-mask protestors waving signs outside her residence. Dunn will start a new job as the executive director of the Salt Lake County Health Department in July. (JW)

The Needs of the Many
Opinion By Jenny Poplar

In April 2020, there was a terrifying period when my adopted home of New Orleans had the highest rate of per capita COVID-19 deaths in the United States. On April 4, 2020, The Wall Street Journal reported that COVID was killing residents of New Orleans at a significantly higher rate than other areas of the country. It was clear that the city's recent Mardi Gras celebrations had been a superspreader event. Ambulance sirens blared around the clock. Several beloved friends, neighbors and co-workers fell ill. A handful did not survive. I still get a cold chill when I think back to a Sunday paper that included eight pages of obituaries.

After such a devastating tide of illness and death, I remain baffled why so many are still reluctant to get the COVID vaccine. Both my adopted home of Louisiana and my home state of Utah have consistently been in the bottom of tier of states with robust COVID vaccination rates. Thanks to the recent inclusion of young people with no pre-existing conditions, Utah appears to be making some promising strides. However, a recent Deseret News article noted that recent data suggests that vaccine hesitancy is still sizable enough to prevent Utah from reaching herd immunity.

Throughout the pandemic, I have often channeled the iconic Star Trek character Spock&mdashthe alien from the planet Vulcan. Vulcans are known for their impeccable logic. What would Spock do if there were a pandemic that was threatening the health of his fellow Vulcans? He'd surely consider the relevant data and ultimately trust a vaccine that had been proven safe and effective.

In a tear-jerking Star Trek episode, Spock sacrifices his life telling his captain: "The needs of the many outweigh the needs of the few." I have often asked myself if it is possible to convince the vaccine-hesitant that getting vaccinated against COVID-19 is so much more than a personal decision. Are vaccine-hesitant people able to see the larger picture?

An April Deseret News/Hinckley Institute poll noted the most common reason Utah-based respondents gave for not getting the COVID-19 vaccine is thinking the vaccine is "not necessary." Perhaps certain younger respondents think that if they develop COVID, it will be nothing more than a mild flu. And maybe rural respondents living in sparsely populated areas think that COVID is a big-city problem that won't affect them.

The poll also noted that many respondents don't trust vaccines and worry about side effects. Unfortunately, the internet is awash with flawed information about vaccines that have zero basis in fact. Anti-vaxxers like former police officer Eric Moutsos&mdashwho made headlines by burning an effigy of a giant syringe labeled "medical tyranny" in Moroni, Utah&mdashhave framed public-health measures meant to combat COVID-19 as a sinister government plot to infringe on basic civil liberties.

In a recent Desert News article, Intermountain Healthcare infectious disease doctor Eddie Stenehjem suggested "the needs of the many" idea might be the best way for the vaccinated to get through to those in their circle who are uncertain about getting the COVID vaccine. Dr. Stenehjem advocates "frank, non-emotional" discussions aimed at sharing relevant experiences related to the vaccine that help dispel fears.

A measured, logical Vulcan approach to making a case for the COVID-19 vaccine is easier said than done&mdashat least for me. I get very emotional when I think about the impossibly difficult circumstances that my sister experienced working as a nurse during the height of the pandemic at a Salt Lake City hospital. My eyes fill with tears when I think of my friends, neighbors and co-workers in New Orleans who died excruciating deaths in the early days of the pandemic.

Deep down, I know that the Vulcan approach to vaccine hesitancy is the correct one. Perhaps a constructive dialogue sprinkled with indisputable information will help sway the resistant. Maybe try telling your vaccine-hesitant friend, neighbor or family member that vaccines have been used safely and effectively in the Western world since the late 1700s, when English physician Edward Jenner discovered that the cowpox virus protected individuals against smallpox.

There will always be segments of the population impervious to logic. Anti-science zealots have squawked very loudly since learning the Earth was round. But most of the hesitant are not out protesting in the streets, and there's a good chance that your family and friends can be reasoned with. It may not be your job to convince stragglers to get vaccinated. But, telling a vaccine-hesitant friend that the effects from the vaccine are minimal may make a meaningful impact.

If I were to have a dialogue with a vaccine-hesitant person in my life, I would remind them that there are many people&mdashmyself included&mdashwho live with chronic diseases that put us at high risk for COVID-19 complications. If I have to take immunosuppressant medication to control my autoimmune disease, my COVID-19 vaccine may be less protective. Every person who gets vaccinated decreases the likelihood that a medically vulnerable person like me will have a severe case of COVID that could land us in the hospital, or worse.

As Spock says, the needs of the many outweigh the needs of the few. Thinking of the needs of the larger community is the most logical course of action.

Watch the video: Rescue Little Puppy Dumped at storage container, in an alley, Covered Bite Wounds. Miracle Story (May 2022).