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Helios Timeline

Helios Timeline


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Marie-Etienne Nitot founds Chaumet, a Maison which still continues to nurture Parisian jewelry-making savoir-faire.

By creating the riddling table that would go on to facilitate the disgorgement of deposits after fermentation, Barbe Nicole Clicquot Ponsardin revolutionizes the champagne world and paves the way for success in the commercialization of champagne.

Loewe is founded in Madrid. Since then, the Maison has been artfully perpetuating its savoir-faire: from the selection of the finest leathers to the creation of iconic pieces of leather goods and ready-to-wear.

By establishing Le Bon Marché, Aristide and Marguerite Boucicaut creates the concept of the department store.

Focused on its international customers since the very beginning, Hennessy ships its cognac to China for the very first time.

Louis Vuitton founds his House in Paris.

Created by Aimé Guerlain, Jicky becomes the first fragrance in the world to use synthetic raw ingredients in its composition.

With his cask containing the equivalent of 200,000 bottles, Eugène Mercier, an avant-garde communicator, makes a big impact at the Paris World's Fair.

Alessandro Berluti founds the eponymous House. The Alessandro model pays tribute to the inimitable style that he established, the epitome of timeless elegance and visionary creativity.

Originally from Piedmont, Pietro Loro Piana establishes his wool House. Since then, the House has grown while managing to perpetuate its family values and craftsmanship, which have been passed down through six generations.

Considering fragrance to be the finishing touch for any outfit, the designer Christian Dior launches Miss Dior during the presentation of his first ready-to-wear collection, and in the process, creates the concept of overall luxury.


Tracking MoviePass’s Bumpy History

Like many film plots, the story of MoviePass has been filled with monumental peaks, contentious rivalries and plenty of confusion. Amid plunging stock prices and widespread criticism, the subscription-based movie service has resorted to a dizzying array of stopgap maneuvers over the last year to keep the final credits from rolling. Here’s a timeline of events to keep track of it all.

March 6, 2019: MoviePass changes tactics again, announcing plans to rely more on films produced by a studio owned by its parent company. The goal is to lessen its reliance on theaters and movie studios.

Feb. 12, 2019: Helios and Matheson Analytics, the parent company of MoviePass, is delisted from the Nasdaq.

Dec. 5, 2018: MoviePass announces a new three-tiered subscription service that will take effect Jan. 1. Each plan will offer members access to three films per month and prices will vary based on where customers reside within the country. “I don’t believe that today people trust the MoviePass brand,” says Khalid Itum, an executive vice president at the company. “We have to earn back that trust.”

Nov. 15, 2018: Helios and Matheson Analytics, Moviepass’s parent company, reports that it lost $130 million over its last quarter, during which MoviePass saw a “significant decline” in subscribers.

Aug. 30, 2018: Carl Schramm, a board member of Helios and Matheson Analytics, resigns from his post. In an open letter, he claims that MoviePass withheld information and made business decisions “without Board knowledge or approval.”

Aug. 29, 2018: Rival subscription company Sinemia takes aim at MoviePass by unrolling a very similar monthly plan: their subscribers can pay $9.99 a month for any three movies, with the ability to book tickets in advance.

Aug. 16, 2018: The restrictions keep piling up. MoviePass says subscribers will be able to choose only from six movies daily, with limited showtimes. The company promises these restrictions will be implemented “during this transition period.”

Aug. 6, 2018: MoviePass reduces the number of movies that subscribers can see from one a day to three a month. Mitch Lowe, the company’s C.E.O., justifies the cuts by saying most people don’t see more than three a month anyway: “They will not be affected at all by this program, and even better, they’ll stop hearing MoviePass is going out of business.” The company also backtracks on a price increase announced only days ago — dropping the price back down to $9.99 — and says it will do away with surge pricing.

Aug. 2, 2018: Helios and Matheson Analytics slides 56 percent on the stock market. In a defensive press release, the company writes: “We’re going through a rough patch not unlike what other disruptive enterprises experienced in their early days.” The statement also lashes out against theaters, accusing them of charging “exorbitant prices” and selling “overpriced concessions.”

Join Times theater reporter Michael Paulson in conversation with Lin-Manuel Miranda, catch a performance from Shakespeare in the Park and more as we explore signs of hope in a changed city. For a year, the “Offstage” series has followed theater through a shutdown. Now we’re looking at its rebound.

July 2018: MoviePass suffers a service outage and borrows $5 million after admitting it cannot pay its bills. The company announces it will raise its subscription price from $10 to $14.95 a month and limit the viewing availability of blockbuster releases. Michael Pachter, a research analyst at Wedbush Securities, predicts that the outage signifies the “end of the end.”

June 2018: “Gotti,” a film about the mobster John Gotti starring John Travolta, is released by MoviePass Ventures, the company’s film-financing arm, and Vertical Entertainment to a zero percent fresh rating on Rotten Tomatoes. The same week, MoviePass’s onetime partner-turned-rival, the AMC theater chain, jumps into the game with its own subscription service. It costs $20 a month, which AMC says is the price point for profitability the company not-so-subtly adds that “other discounters by contrast will continue to be hemorrhaging cash.” MoviePass responds with some sass on Twitter:

April 2018: The MoviePass subscriber base approaches three million people. But cracks begin to emerge, as customers complain about glitches, shifts in service and extensive delays in membership card arrivals. An auditor even expresses “substantial doubt about its ability to continue as a going concern,” while Helios, at this point, has lost $20 million a month since September. But if company leaders are fazed, they aren’t showing it: “I’m not worried about the viability of MoviePass at all,” Ted Farnsworth, chief executive of Helios and Matheson, told The Times. “We have plenty of money to get through the next year.”

December 2017: The company is thriving outwardly, as a million new subscribers sign up within just four months. Mr. Lowe tells The Times that the venture will succeed by collecting and selling data about the tastes and habits of consumers, particularly millennials, who make up 75 percent of subscribers.

August 2017: An alliance with AMC breaks when MoviePass drops its price to $9.95 a month. More than 150,000 new users sign up in just two days following the announcement — crashing the service’s website and app — and AMC responds by saying MoviePass users are “not welcome here.” “In AMC’s view, that price level is unsustainable and only sets up consumers for ultimate disappointment down the road,” the company writes in a statement. MoviePass also catches the eye of Helios and Matheson, which buys a controlling stake in the company for $27 million.

December 2014: After a worrisome year in movie attendance, AMC grudgingly enters into a partnership with MoviePass, which until then had been swatted away by major theater chains. “It frankly wouldn’t be smart to ignore the success of subscription in other areas of media,” Christina Sternberg, senior vice president for corporate strategy at AMC, said in a Times interview.

October 2012: A beta version is rolled out, with monthly prices ranging between $29 and $34 a month. “I found it to be a wonderful service for this time of the year, when the temperature is in the 30s and I have to get ready for the Oscars,” Joshua Brustein wrote in The New York Times after testing out MoviePass in January 2013.

July 2011: Led by the entrepreneurs Stacy Spikes and Hamet Watt, MoviePass starts its service with an initial beta test in San Francisco, with the hopes of letting people see a movie a day for a monthly fee. The company hopes to outlast its other fledgling competitors to become the “Netflix of movie theaters.” But when 19,000 people sign up for the service in a single day, they find theaters resistant to letting them in. The test run never gets off the ground.


Climate

Over the centuries Earth has become uninhabitable due to the mistakes of humankind. At first it was believed that the impact of asteroid Helios-685 was the primary cause, but the future remained essentially unchanged after the Travelers successfully deflected it.

In an alternate version of 2017, the corporation Galston Agriculture developed seed-C589, a genetically modified seed designed to extract more nutrients from the soil. C589, which contains genes from the kudzu weed, became the cause of widespread famine when it spread and rendered large portions of land untenable.

Further environmental consequences resulted from the proliferation of antimatter weapons. In one version of the year 2038, Earth's ozone disappeared after a gamma ray burst. Nuclear winter followed and the Earth remained covered in ice for centuries.


Greek Mythology

The Titans were the Greek gods that ruled the world before the Olympians. The first twelve Titans were the children of the original gods Uranus (Father Sky) and Gaia (Mother Earth).

  • Cronus - The leader of the Titans and the god of time.
  • Rhea - Cronus' wife and queen of the Titans. She ruled over motherhood and fertility.
  • Oceanus - He represented the sea and was the eldest of the Titans.
  • Tethys - A sea goddess who was married to Oceanus.
  • Hyperion - The Titan of light and the father of the sun god Helios.
  • Theia - Goddess of brightness and shining. She was married to Hyperion.
  • Coeus - Titan of intelligence and the stars.
  • Phoebe - Goddess of brightness and intelligence. She was the mother of Leto.
  • Mnemosyne - She represented memory in Greek Mythology. She was the mother of the Muses (Zeus was the father).
  • Themis - She ruled over law and order. She was mother to the Fates and the Hours (Zeus was the father).
  • Crius - The Titan of heavenly constellations.
  • Lapetus - The god of mortality. He fathered some of the most powerful of the Titan children including Atlas and Prometheus.
  • Atlas - After losing the war against Zeus, Atlas was punished by having to hold up the heavens on his shoulders. He is often shown holding the Earth.
  • Helios - Helios was the god of the sun. He drove the chariot of the sun across the sky each day.
  • Prometheus - Prometheus is known in Greek mythology as the creator of mankind. He also gave mankind the gift of fire from Mount Olympus.
  • Leto - Leto is famous for being the mother of the twin Olympian gods Apollo and Artemis.

Zeus and the Olympians

The leader of the Titans, Cronus, was told in a prophecy that his sons would one day overthrow him. In order to protect himself, each time his wife Rhea had a child he would swallow it. He swallowed several children including Hestia, Hades, Hera, Poseidon, and Demeter. However, when Zeus was born, Rhea hid Zeus in a cave and gave Cronus a stone to swallow instead. Once Zeus was born he forced his father to spit up his siblings.

Once Zeus had freed his siblings, they went to war against the Titans. They gained some valuable allies including the one-eyed Cyclopes and some huge hundred-headed monsters called the Hecatoncheires. The two sides waged war for ten years. Eventually, Zeus and his siblings won the war. They imprisoned the Titans in a deep chasm in the Underworld called Tartarus.


Hypoxia

In the operation of aerospace and other systems, oxygen is a friend or an enemy depending on quantity. Too much and anything can become flammable, too little and you get deadly hypoxia resulting in impaired judgment at the precise time it is most needed.

Click to see the physiological effects of hypoxia (Credits: Mayo Clinic).

Hypoxia is a phenomenon that receives a lot of attention in aerospace medicine. The oxygen from air passes into our bloodstream through small sacs in our lungs called alveoli. Usually the partial pressure of oxygen in the alveoli (i.e. the pressure of the oxygen component of the gas mixture) is 14% (160 mmHg) when the air we breathe is at the usual 1 atmosphere (760 mmHg), at sea-level. The higher we climb into the atmosphere surrounding Earth, the lower is the partial pressure of oxygen in the alveoli. At a certain point we get oxygen starvation, or hypoxia. This is one of the reasons we fly in pressurized airplane cabins.

A sudden failure of a pressurized cabin is generally very dangerous but immediately recognizable. It is accompanied by a good deal of noise as the higher pressure air in the cabin rushes out until the pressure equalizes with the external ambient pressure. This may be preceded by a loud popping sound. Dust and debris will be picked up and rush toward the opening where the pressurized air is rushing out. Items (and human beings) could be sucked outside the aircraft as happened on the Aloha Airlines B-737 in 1988.

In contrast, a slow depressurization of an aircraft cabin may be not recognized until an automatic alarm sounds and oxygen masks deploy for passengers. The pilots may lose precious minutes looking for a false alarm, instead of immediately donning their oxygen masks. In those precious minutes, the most insidious effects of hypoxia would sneak in, affecting the eyes and brain. The retina of the eye is more demanding of oxygen than any other organ of the body — even of the brain itself which demands 30% of the overall supply. Vision would begin to degrade, in particular at night.

Without supplemental oxygen at sufficient pressure the pilots gradually and progressively lapse into incompetence while maintaining an absolutely euphoric faith in their own ability. When blood oxygen saturation is down from the normal 97% to a dangerous 85%, colors fade and vision dims. There is a serious degradation of judgment, memory, and thought. The impairment of judgment leaves one feeling just fine and confident in one’s performance. Gradually one becomes more euphoric, belligerent, or disoriented and behaves irrationally, unreliably, and dangerously. Unconsciousness and death then follows. The airplane, without human control, may continue to fly until its fuel is exhausted and then crash. This precise sequence of events has happened already in a couple of cases. In one suspected case, a Learjet 35 in 1999 flew apparently without control for four hours. A confirmed case was the already mentioned Helios Airways 737 Flight 522 in 2005.

Below, a documentary of Flight 522:

A Helios Airways Boeing 737-31S at Ruzyne Airport (PRG / LKPR). This aircraft crashed on Greek soil on 14 August 2005 (Credits: Alan Lebeda).

Helios Airways Flight 522 originated in Larnaca, Cyprus. It took off at 09:07 on 14 August 2005 and crashed into a mountain 3 hours later in Greece. A lack of oxygen incapacitated the crew, leading to the aircraft’s eventual crash after running out of fuel. Between 09:30 and 09:40, Cyprus Air Traffic Control at Nicosia had repeatedly attempted to contact the aircraft, but without success. At 11:24 two F-16 fighter aircraft scrambled by the Hellenic Air Force 111th Combat Wing established visual contact with Flight 522. They reported that the first officer was slumped motionless at the controls and the captain’s seat was empty. They also reported that oxygen masks were dangling in the passenger cabin, and there was no movement. At 11:49, a flight attendant entered the cockpit and sat down in the captain’s seat. His name was Prodromou and he held a UK Commercial Pilot License, but he did not have the training to fly the Boeing 737. Before he had much of a chance to try, both engines flamed out and the plane went down with all 121 passengers and crew. There were no survivors.

Feature image of a Malaysian Airlines 777 in 2010 courtesy of Jordan Vuong

About the author

Tommaso Sgobba

Mr. Sgobba recently retired as Head of the Independent Flight Safety and Planetary Protection Office for the European Space Agency. In this role, he was responsible for flight safety of European Space Agency manned systems, for spacecraft reentry safety, and for space debris, use of nuclear power sources, and planetary protection. Mr. Sgobba joined the European Space Agency in 1989, after 13 years in the aeronautical industry. He supported the development of the Ariane 5 launcher, Earth observation and meteorological satellites, and the early Hermes spaceplane phase. Later, he became product assurance and safety manager for all European manned missions on Shuttle, MIR station, and for the European research facilities for the International Space Station. Mr. Sgobba holds an M.S. in Aeronautical Engineering from the Polytechnic of Turin (I), where he has been also professor of space system safety (1999-2001). Mr. Sgobba is co-editor of the first book on safety design of space systems, and Executive Director of the International Association for the Advancement of Space Safety (IAASS).

10 Responses

Brilliant! Yes, I totally agree with you. Astonished there are so many other outlandish theories, when Hypoxia is so likely.

IT’S FRIGHTENING TO LEARN THAT HELIOS TURNED INTO A GHOST AT ONLY 29,000 FEET, WHEN MH 370’S LAST CONTACT WITH THE GROUND WAS AT ALMOST 35,000 FEET.

IN ADDITION TO THE FAA WARNING ABOUT CRACKS NEAR THE SATELLITE POD, THERE’S ALSO THE FACT THAT THIS PARTICULAR 777 WAS INVOLVED IN A WINGTIP COLLISION IN 2011 AT AN AIRPORT IN CHINA. THE STARBOARD WINGTIP WAS REPAIRED, BUT THE ENTIRE WING HAD BEEN STRESSED. IT WAS DECLARED TO BE AIRWORTHY, BUT HOW THOROUGHLY WAS IT CHECKED?

I don’t buy it, its like falling asleep at the wheel and driving through rush hour in washington dc, without hitting someone, for seven hours only to arrive at Disney land. How likely is that?

I saw the Air Crash Investigation episode involving Helios last December. When I heard of this incident, this possibility immediately came to mind. Being a former flight crew member, I am familiar with hypoxia, the effects, etc. As far as I know, with a slow decompression, it’s possible that everyone was passed out/sleeping by the time the masks deployed if they did. The thing I can’t figure out is how anyone anywhere can read the license plates on the cars in my carport but a 777 can’t be located. That is still baffling to me.

We actually wondered the same thing, Jonathan, and our investigation turned into a whole special report on the subject. We’re putting the finishing touches on right now and will issue it in the next few weeks. If you subscribe to our mailing list, you’ll be the first to know when it’s out. I’ll just say that it was quite eye-opening!

Actually, with autopilot, it’s quite likely, as strange as it sounds. Autopilot on these big jets is quite sophisticated these days. Except, of course, they did NOT arrive at Disney Land.

I have issues with Helios 522. There are too many items in its time line that do not make any sense to me.
1) assuming that the pilots did not know the reason for the warning, why isn’t it procedure to immediately wear oxygen masks and THEN perform necessary checks? Why is it left up to pilots to make the decision to wear an oxygen mask?
2) if the cabin crew was incapacitated by about 9:20, except for the two of them (who happened to be a couple), why did they only enter the cockpit at 11:49? Once the oxygen masks deployed in the passenger cabin, why did they not attempt to contact the cockpit crew one they noticed that they were still climbing despite every one only having 12 mins of oxygen?
3) assuming they did not know the code to the cockpit, but as they did have a portable oxygen supply, why did they not supply oxygen to the cabin crew who did have it in order to gain access to the cockpit and raise a mayday call?

While I don’t think that the MH370 flight played our exactly like Helios, I do believe there is enough evidence to think MH370 may have turned into a “ghost” plane at some point.

A recent episode of Air Disasters on the Smithsonian channel provided a great deal more information / details regarding Helios 522, which answer most if not all of the questions asked by “guest”, below.

(0) Repair technicians had been testing the plane prior to takeoff in response to some possible issues with an exit door. In doing this they switched the cabin pressurization system from “auto” to “manual”, and then when done testing LEFT it in manual. The pilots did not notice. As the plane gradually gained altitude, they (and the passengers and flight attendants) began to get confused and lose their good judgment.

(1) The two pilots were already suffering from impaired judgment when the alarm sounded. They MISTOOK the low cabin pressure alarm for a DIFFERENT alarm, a warning regarding takeoff configuration. They repeatedly asked operations control by radio why the takeoff configuration alarm was sounding.

It wasn’t long after that that both passed out. They didn’t realize they were facing low oxygen, so did not don their O2 masks.

(2) The pilot-experienced flight attendant was in superb physical shape. Thus he lasted longer than others in the passenger area. He eventually realized the plane was not descending and the passengers were passing out, and made his way to 1 hour oxygen tank systems (there were 4 on board). He ended using up 3 1/2 of them during the flight.

(3)The flight recorder revealed that he did try to get help via the radio, but the radio was tuned to the wrong channel (the site they took off from, not Athens where they were circling now), so he got no reply. He even gestured at the figher jet pilot when the pilot signaled to him. But no substantial communication occurred.

There remain some open questions about some details of events, but a lot is known now that explains most of what happens.

What I do NOT know is what if any changes in the 737 (and other aircraft?) were made to help prevent this from happening again. I don’t know of any.

From the beginning MH370 I have mostly only given credence to HYPOXIA. Not sure why an O2 sensor isn’t one of THE most prominent readouts in a cockpit. You know violent decompression but a gradual lost of O2 is not really detectable and then too late. As here flight 522 – few logical actions.


History

Founded in 2011, Tages is a leading international alternative investment group.

In May 2020, Tages Group contributed its absolute return and multi-manager solutions business (formerly Tages Capital LLP) into a 50/50 joint venture with Investcorp, called Investcorp-Tages.

Credito Fondiario carried out a significant capital increase subscribed by Elliott Capital Management, becoming the controlling shareholder of the bank

Tages’ partners continue their involvement as chairmen and board members of Credito Fondiario, and as significant minority shareholders

Tages completes the group reorganisation, separating the asset management business from the banking business

Group extends its activities into private equity with acquisition of a stake in VAM Investments

Tages Capital SGR completes the first close of Tages Helios II renewable energy fund

Tages Capital LLP launches its second fund specialising in seeding and acceleration programmes

Francesco Trapani takes a stake in Tages to help drive expansion into private equity business

Credito Fondiario plays key role in Carige rescue financing

Liquid alternatives business expands into single manager alternative UCITS and alternative risk premia strategies

Tages establishes renewable energy infrastructure business and launches its first photovoltaic fund, Tages Helios

Tages enters partnership with Elliott Capital Management to fund Credito Fondiario expansion

Establishment of JV agreement with La Française Asset Management

Tages leads the restructuring of Credito Fondiario, resulting in the creation of a leading NPL platform

Umberto Quadrino takes a stake in Tages to help drive expansion into infrastructure business

Tages launches its first fund specialising in seeding and acceleration programmes

Tages acquires a majority stake in Credito Fondiario, a loss-making mortgage institution, from Morgan Stanley

Establishment of asset management activities with acquisitions of two multi-manager hedge fund businesses


Welcome to History of Recording a Juried Engineering Publication

We are aimed and targeted toward the aspiring, upcoming and future sound designer, audio engineer, as well as audio enthusiasts and professionals in the fields of music, recording, broadcast and sound reinforcement. We strive to remind the world of the whats, whys and hows behind the industries we are so passionate about.

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As an esteemed nobleman of high society, Helio possesses an appropriate level of savoir-faire. Unlike other members of the noble class, Helio refrains from acquainting himself with others and maintains a certain distance at social gatherings. He does not trust others easily and avoids engaging with those who attempt to take advantage of his title and influence as a Marquess. ΐ] Though aloof and intimidating in public, Helio is gentle and caring to those he treasures. Towards Medea, whom he respects and loves, he is warm and compassionate.

An extremely perceptive individual, Helio is capable of understanding a situation from the smallest of details. He can accurately analyze people without personally interacting with others and, according to Medea, has very good intuition. Α] Under her tutelage, Helio became very well-educated and knowledgeable. He and Medea have mastered many of the same subjects and frequently engage in sparring sessions. Β] Well-trained in the art of swordsmanship, Helio is acknowledged as the strongest knight of the Vasilios Empire. Γ]


Jun 22, 2017 / Comments Off / Interigual

San Juan is a very old Christian tradition that has been celebrated In Spanish countries for many centuries, it’s probably one of the oldest festivities that was adopted by Spanish speakers. In this entry I’ll talk about this tradition, its origin, its history, as its celebrated one of the regions of Spain or in the countries of Spanish America, whic is very interesting for foreign students and they can learn much of it.

San Juan was a festivity of pagan origin and of course it was not so called, and was popular among the Aztec, Celtic or Greek peoples. As with many festivals, before being adopted by Christianity, Hindus and many primitive peoples and each of them celebrated in a different way.

In most cultures San Juan began as a festivity in honor to the arrival of the summer solstice (this relation with the arrival of summer has helded in the Christian tradition, coinciding with the beginning of summer, on June 24). In celtic culture this festivity was celebrated by lighting fires with the purpose of venerating the Sun, which for them was their main source of energy and fought to obtain the blessing on their homes and their lands, as well as to increase the fertility in women. The druids danced and sang around the fires and invoked the natural elements. This feast for them was known as the “Alban Heruin”, literally summer solstice.

In greek culture the arrival of summer was as important event or even more so than in the celtic. For them the Sun was a divinity , Helios, son of two titans, Hyperion and Tea and brother of Selene ( female divinity representing the Moon). Helios was represented as a strong man with golden hair who ran the solar vault in a carriage pulled by two black steeds that threw fire through their jaws. This God transmitted through his hair the light and the hot necessary for humans and animals to live, as did his contrapart, Selene, during the night. Specifically at the summer solstice, the Greek believed the Helios light entered the human spirit, so in his temples offered offferings in honor of Helios or Apollo, considered the God most related to the Sun, as well as the musical arts and the light, in many of whose versions he played a similar rol to Helios. The Romans did something similar with Phoebus, who was the divinity equivalent to Apollo in Greek mythology.

For the Hindu tradition, the arrival of the summer solstice was the date when the ancestors entered the physical world, where ceremonies were held in honor of them by shamans who could contact them through the flames of the bonfires.

Generally, in all primitive cultures, the festivity was always to a greater or lesser extent related to the Sun and the summer and this tradition was maintained when it was adopted by the Christian religion although with a more religious purpose.

The Christians were the ones who baptized this festivity with the name of San Juan, in homage to San Juan el Bautista, a saint who according to biblical tradition was born on this same date, with the belief that at birth, his father Zacharias lit a big bonfire, God for blessed him with a son.

It’s a costume in all the communities of Spain that in the night that includes between the 23 and the 24 of June many people carry out celebrations in honor to San Juan. In most of them bonfires are lit, burned, or danced around because, like the Aztecs and Celts, Christians also consider fire as one of the four elements : water, earth, air and fire, and that exerts a purifying effect that frees us from bad luck.

Water is also another very important element in the feast of San Juan, it is believed that water also has a purifying effect and during that night acquires healing properties, so it is customary to bathe in the river or in the sea.

Let’s take a look at the different rituals that the feast of San Juan presents in some regions of Spain:

Some customs among the Galicians to celebrate the feast of San Juan are: to light bonfires on the beach dancing or singing and eating sardines or patties, to see Coruña to light, to bathe in the sea in front of the fires bonfires or to jump on the bonfires to purify themselves.

ALICANTE Y BARCELONA

The festival of San Juan in this region is the best known and official of Spain. For its celebration are lit bonfires of enormous dimensions known as the fogueres of San Joan, accompanied by firecrackers that are sent to the sky in an act of homage to the greatness of the fire. The festival ends with the burning of the bonfires, after which feet are introducted into the water.

The festival of San Juan de Cataluña, especially Barcelona, revolves around the popular festivals of the city. In it, bonfires are lit in the streets at the same time as fireworks are launched.

The night of San Juan in Andalucía is also known as “La Noche de Brujas” in which is carried out the burning of two dummies called “Juan and Juana”. After the burn people wash their face with sea water as a way to preserve beauty and no one should look in the mirror after washing for the spell to be effective.

SAN PEDRO MANRIQUE (SORIA)

Every June 23, Vespers of San Juan takes place a curious ritual in this locality Soriana. It is a ritual of remote origin that begins at nine o’clock at night when a bonfire is lit with two thousand kilos of oak wood to later prepare a path of embers forming a carpet. It is the ritual of the passage of fire.

The young people dance around the bonfire and at twelve o’clock at night, the magic hour, twelve neighbors of the town carrying someone on the shoulders, traverse bare feet, the path of embers without burning. It is said that only those born in the place can perform this feat without burning. It is said that only those born in the place can perform this feat without burning.

En Latinoamérica the festivity revolves around a popular legend rooted in the origins of Christianity that says that in San Juan el Diablo is on the loose and the lands are blessed by Juan el Bautista. People wash their faces like a protection route repeating “San Juan, San Juan, dame milcao, yo te daré pan”. In some countries certain superstitions are maintained, such as seeing a black cat after San Juan or taking 7 laps around the house can bring bad luck.

In short, the interpretations of this festivity are endless and the festival has had many variants throughout history and depending on the culture. Even many foreign students may sound this tradition with some native of their countries, but with a different name, but we have already seen how many variants this festival has had throughout the world, albeit with different names and rituals, although almost all in relation to fire and water. So, whether you are from the country or the culture that you are, if you want to enjoy this party or to know more about it personally, you just have to visit any place in Spain to spend a night warming you with the fire of your bonfires and eating a good pescaíto Fried which is always appreciated, it’s not nececessary to say that it is also an excellent opportunity to meet new people and see in person as Spaniards live their own traditions.


Watch the video: Ghost Plane. No One in Control of this Boeing 737. Helios Airways Flight 522. 4K (June 2022).


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