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Knox II DE-1052 - History

Knox II DE-1052 - History



(DE-1052: dp. 2,624; 1. 414'6"; b. 44'; dr. 18'; s. 27.4 k.; cpl. 247; a. 1 5", ASROC, DASH, 4 21" tt.; cl. Knox)

The second Knox (DE-1052), the prototype in a new class of destroyer escorts, was laid down 5 October 1965, by Todd Shipyards Corp., Seattle, Wash.; launched 19 November 1966; sponsored by Mrs. Peter A. Sturtevant, granddaughter of Commodore Knox; and will be com- in the summer of 1968.

Once completed, Knox will perform search and rescue operations and provide evacuation, blockade, and Surveillance support, when necessary, for the Pacific Fleet.

File:Launch of USS Knox (DE-1052) at Todd Shipyard Corporation, Seattle, Washington (USA), on 19 November 1966 (1438114271190).jpg

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KNOX FF 1052

This section lists the names and designations that the ship had during its lifetime. The list is in chronological order.

    Knox Class Guided Missile Destroyer
    Keel Laid October 5 1965 - Launched November 19 1966

Naval Covers

This section lists active links to the pages displaying covers associated with the ship. There should be a separate set of pages for each name of the ship (for example, Bushnell AG-32 / Sumner AGS-5 are different names for the same ship so there should be one set of pages for Bushnell and one set for Sumner). Covers should be presented in chronological order (or as best as can be determined).

Since a ship may have many covers, they may be split among many pages so it doesn't take forever for the pages to load. Each page link should be accompanied by a date range for covers on that page.


This section lists examples of the postmarks used by the ship. There should be a separate set of postmarks for each name and/or commissioning period. Within each set, the postmarks should be listed in order of their classification type. If more than one postmark has the same classification, then they should be further sorted by date of earliest known usage.

A postmark should not be included unless accompanied by a close-up image and/or an image of a cover showing that postmark. Date ranges MUST be based ONLY ON COVERS IN THE MUSEUM and are expected to change as more covers are added.
>>> If you have a better example for any of the postmarks, please feel free to replace the existing example.

Postmark Type
Killer Bar Text

As FF-1052
First Day of Use - New Cachet, cover by Stephen Decatur Chapter No. 4, USCS.

Other Information

KNOX earned the Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation w/ 2 stars - Navy Expeditionary Medal - National Defense Service Medal w/ 1 star - Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal w/ 1 star - Vietnam Service Medal w/ 1 Campaign star - Humanitarian Service Ribbon - Sea Service Deployment Ribbon and the Republic of Vietnam Campaign Medal during her Naval career.

NAMESAKE - Commodore Dudley Wright Knox, USN (June 21 1877 - June 11 1960).
   "Knox was born in Fort Walla Walla WA and graduated from the Naval Academy 5 June 1896. During the Spanish-American War he served in MAPLE in Cuban waters. He commanded gunboats ALBANY and IRIS during the Philippine Insurrection and the latter during the Chinese Boxer Rebellion. He then commanded three of the Navy's first destroyers: SHUBRICK, WILKES, and DECATUR before commanding the First Torpedo Flotilla. During the cruise of the "Great White Fleet" he was ordnance officer of NEBRASKA (BB 14). Preceeding WWI he was Fleet Ordnance Officer in both Atlantic and Pacific, served the Office of Naval Intelligence, and commanded the Guantanamo Bay Naval Station. In November 1917, he joined the staff of Admiral Sims, Commander of U.S. Naval Forces in European Waters, and earned the Navy Cross for "distinguished service" serving as Aide in the Planning Section, and later in the Historical Section. He was promoted to Captain 1 February 1918. After returning to the United States in March 1919 for a year on the faculty of the Naval War College, he successively commanded BROOKLYN (ACR 3) and CHARLESTON (C 22) before resuming duty in the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations.
    Transferred to the Retired List of the Navy 20 October 1921, he continued active duty simultaneously serving as Officer in Charge, Office of Naval Records and Library, and as Curator for the Navy Department. Early in World War II he was assigned additional duty as Deputy Director of Naval History. For 25 years his leadership inspired diligence, efficiency, and initiative while he guided, improved, and expanded the Navy's archival and historical operations. A master of content and style, his clear writings include "The Eclipse of American Sea Power" (1922) "The Naval Genius of George Washington" (1932) and "A History of the United States Navy" (1936), recognized as "the best one-volume history of the United States Navy in existence." Advanced to Commodore 2 November 1945, he was awarded the Legion of Merit for "exceptionally meritorious conduct" while directing the preservation of accurate records of the U.S. naval operations in World War II. Commodore Knox was relieved of all active duty 26 June 1946. He died 11 June 1960."

If you have images or information to add to this page, then either contact the Curator or edit this page yourself and add it. See Editing Ship Pages for detailed information on editing this page.

Knox II DE-1052 - History

Knox-class frigates Kirk (1087), Francis Hammond (1067), Lockwood (1064) and Knox (1052).

The Knoxes were the US Navy&rsquos last destroyer-type design with a steam powerplant. In appearance, they were conspicuous for their tall, circular cross-section &ldquomacks.&rdquo They were wet forward, prompting modification with bow bulwarks and spray strakes for some ships. Most obviously, they were big: thanks in part to a late reversion to conventional 1,200 psi boilers, they gained 24 feet in overall length and twenty per cent in weight over the Garcias&mdashwhich made them comparable in size to the Charles F. Adams-class guided missile destroyers and larger than the all-gun World War II and Forrest Sherman classes in the destroyer squadrons to which they were attached.

Length: 438' overall 415' waterline.

Displacement: 3,020 long tons light 4,065 long tons full load.

Propulsion machinery: 2 x 1,200 psi boilers 1 geared turbine, 1 shaft 35,000 shp.

Design speed: 27 knots.

Design complement: 13 officers 211 enlisted.

Roomier than these destroyers, the Knoxes were generally liked by crews but naturally, as specialized ASW platforms, could not match their offensive capability. The Knoxes also lacked redundancy: their single screw made breakdown a concern and their lone 5-inch/54 could jam during continuous fire (embarrassing on the Vietnam gun line when they were new). Thus inviting and suffering from side-by-side comparison with the destroyers, they became known to a generation of destroyermen as &ldquoMcNamara&rsquos Folly.&rdquo

As they aged, however, their weapons and sensors evolved significantly. In 1971&ndash75, 31 Knoxes received the basic point missile defense system (BDPMS). Downes was subsequently modified to carry Sea Sparrow surface-to-air missile launchers. Later, all ships were upgraded with the Phalanx Mk 16 close-in weapons system (CIWS). Also, the class&rsquos stern-facing torpedo tubes were replaced by the SQS-35 variable depth sonar and the AN/SQR-18A TACTASS towed passive sonar array plus a LAMPS Mk I SH-2D Seasprite helicopter.

Thus enhanced, the seaworthy Knoxes enjoyed a 20&ndash25-year service life in the US Navy until they were phased out in 1991&ndash94, when the Soviet submarine threat collapsed and after the Oliver Hazard Perry-class frigates had arrived in numbers. Not yet done, some become the core of the Innovative Concept Reserve Training Program (ICRTC), available for reactivation on 180 days&rsquo notice. Eventually, while 34 were transferred to Turkey (12), Taiwan (8), Mexico (4), Greece (3), Thailand and Egypt (2 each), nine were scrapped and six were sunk as targets.

Knox, herself, was the last to go&mdashtowed from Bremerton, where she had been laid up, to Guam and sunk there in the summer of 2007.

Share All sharing options for: A defense of Kevin Knox, the most persecuted player of the NBA bubble season

Photo by Patrick Smith/Getty Images

The 2020 NBA Bubble has not been kind to Kevin Knox . Despite the fact that he hasn’t played in months, the young Knicks forward is constantly being skewered in the news and on social media.

Unfortunately for Knox — and Knicks fans in general — several of the players picked after him in the 2018 Draft are dominating at the moment. Michael Porter Jr. , whose name many Knicks fans chanted on draft night, has been putting up crazy numbers. Mikal Bridges , who many at P&T headquarters wanted the team to pick, has been a premier defender and a key piece for the red-hot Suns. Shai Gilgeous-Alexander, Knox’s own teammate at Kentucky, has probably put together the best career of the group, and is anchoring a tough OKC squad alongside Chris Paul .

Stefan Bondy of The Daily News used Porter’s emergence to pen an article highlighting the failures of the Steve Mills/Scott Perry regime. Wherever you look, it’s open season on Knox. Every article, every post on Twitter and Instagram feels like more dirt being shoveled onto the grave of his Knicks tenure.

And why shouldn’t Knicks fans grab the shovels? Knox’s numbers took a nosedive in 2019-20, as he went from averaging 12.8 points on 37.0/34.3/71.7 to 6.4 points on 35.9/32.7/65.3. If Knox isn’t scoring, he isn’t nearly a good enough defender or rebounder to carry his weight in an NBA rotation.

Friends, Knicks fans, countrymen — lend me your ears. I have come not to bury Kevin Knox , but to. I dunno, maybe kinda praise him, I guess? When you strip away the basic numbers and look deeper, there is evidence that, in spite of everything, Knox just might be on the right path.

Let’s start with the shooting. I’m not gonna lie. it’s rough. Knox started out on fire from beyond the arc, averaging 44.7 3P% on 3.9 attempts over his first 12 games. From there, his shooting stroke abandoned him entirely — over his last 53 games, Knox averaged 28.9 3P% on 2.9 attempts per game.

So what did he do right? For one thing, he didn’t stop shooting those threes. Instead, he cut out a lot of the funky mid-range jumpers and floaters that he chucked as a rookie.

2018-19 3PAr: .398

2019-20 3PAr: .498

If you’re going to miss a ton of shots, you might as well miss them from beyond the arc and space the floor for your teammates. Knox has gorgeous jumper for a kid his size, and he showed promise with the three-ball as a rookie. If 2019-20 was just the dreaded sophomore slump, then at least Knox learned which shots he should be shooting.

There is actually one place Knox’s shooting improved this season: at the rim. He was atrocious as a rookie, hitting only 50% of his attempts from 0-3 feet. That number jumped up to 56.4% in 2019-20. still not good, but a massive improvement.

“Still not good, but an improvement” is a running theme throughout many of Knox’s other 2019-20 numbers. Knox didn’t improve very much in any one category, but he improved in just about everything: free-throw rate, rebounding percentage, assist percentage, turnover percentage, and block percentage.

Again, we’re not talking about Most Improved Player award-winning stuff here, but Knox was grabbing more defensive boards, passing more, turning it over less and blocking more shots. The blocked shots may have been Knox’s biggest area improvement. Do you happen to remember watching the Knicks late in the season and thinking, “Wow, is that Kevin Knox blocking shots?” Well the numbers back it up! Knox finished third on the Knicks in block percentage, behind Mitchell Robinson (8.0% — duh) and just behind Taj Gibson (2.8%). he finished well ahead of finesse bigs Bobby Portis (1.2%) and Julius Randle (1.0%).

Those little across-the-board improvements paid dividends later in the season as Knox grew more comfortable with his role off the bench. Knox started more of his rookie season, and despite his big scoring numbers, the Knicks hemorrhaged points with him on the court (-11.3 net rating). In 2019-20, that on/off rating climbed to a more respectable -2.6, and when you examine the lineup data, there’s more reason for optimism. Check out Knox’s top-10 two-man lineups:

Put Knox on the court with either Frank Ntilikina or Damyean Dotson , and the Knicks slightly outscore their opponent. Now check the bottom of the list — in 302 total minutes with Dennis Smith Jr. as point guard, Knox’s Knicks got wiped off the floor by opponents. Knox only played 1,166 total minutes this season, which means he played more than a quarter of the season watching DSJ farting up and down the court. The Allonzo Trier pairing was also a huge loss, which may be one of the reasons Trier is no longer employed with the club.

The three-man combos are even more stark in their portrayals. The trio of Knox, Frank and Dotson was a massive success, and playing either one big ( Robinson or Portis ) with one guard (Frank or Dot) and Knox was also quite successful for the Knicks. Even the super-big trio of Mitch, Portis and Knox was pretty close to neutral. But look at the bottom of the list: swap in Smith, and lineups turn to pure dookie.

This speaks to some tragic mistakes by the Knicks coaching staff — seriously, why weren’t they playing Dotson more? — but it also says something about Knox. Frank and Dot aren’t All-Stars they’re merely competent NBA players. Dennis Smith might be a competent player one day, but this season he was an unmitigated disaster. When Kevin Knox was given competent backcourt mates, the Knicks were able to play pretty damn well with him on the court.

The prevailing narrative of Kevin Knox’s 2019-20 season is one of regression: He lost his starting role, lost a ton of playing time, and lost his shooting touch. Meanwhile, many of his fellow 2018 draftees excelled. There is, however, another story to Knox’s 2019-20 season. Faced with the loss of his starting spot, a miserable shooting slump, and the general weirdness that was the David Fizdale coaching regime, Knox made some tweaks to his overall game, played much harder on defense, and fit in well with Frank, Dot, Mitch and the rest of a Knicks bench unit that was really coming on toward the end of the season.

Does that mean Knox will turn it around next season and silence the doubters? Y’all know I would never bet on the Knicks to do something right. All I’m saying is that we shouldn’t count him out just yet.

Early life

Almost nothing is known of Knox’s life before 1540, the accounts given by his earlier biographers being mostly fanciful. Of his parentage it is known only that his mother’s name was Sinclair (Knox used the name John Sinclair as an incognito in times of danger), that his father’s name was William, and that he and both Knox’s grandfathers had fought, and two of them had died—perhaps at the Battle of Flodden against Henry VIII’s troops. The family may have been farmers.

It is supposed that Knox trained for the priesthood under the scholar John Major, most probably at the University of St. Andrews. Knox did not take a master’s degree, however, but he ended his training with a mind imbued with that delight in abstract thought and dialectical disputation which, even in that age, was recognized throughout Europe as typical of Scottish scholarship. He was in priest’s orders by 1540, and in 1543 he was known to be also practicing as an apostolic notary in the Haddington area, which would seem to indicate that he was in good standing with the ecclesiastical authorities.

Two years later, however, Knox was in more equivocal company as tutor to the sons of two gentlemen of East Lothian who were deeply involved in the intrigues of political Protestantism. Under their protection, George Wishart, a Scottish Reformation leader who was to become an early martyr for the cause, began a preaching tour in the Lothians in December 1545. Knox was much in his company, and Knox’s complete conversion to the Reformed faith dates from his contact with Wishart, whose memory he cherished ever afterward. Wishart was burned for heresy in March 1546 by Cardinal David Beaton, archbishop of St. Andrews, who, rather than the weak governor, was the real ruler of Scotland. Wishart’s execution began a chain of events that profoundly altered Knox’s life. Three months later, Beaton was murdered by Protestant conspirators who fortified themselves in St. Andrews castle.

Meantime, Knox, accompanied by his pupils, was moving from place to place to escape persecution and arrest. His desire was to go to Germany to study there at the Protestant seats of learning, but his employers sent word to him to take their sons to St. Andrews and continue their education under the protection of the castle. Thus, in April 1547, less than a year after the cardinal’s murder and against his own desire, Knox arrived with his pupils in St. Andrews—still an unknown man. The three months that he spent there transformed him, against his own predisposition, into the acknowledged spokesman and protagonist of the Reformation movement in Scotland. The Protestants in the castle had become involved in controversy with the university several of them, becoming aware that a man of uncommon gifts had joined them, pressed upon Knox’s conscience the duty of taking up “the public office and charge of preaching.” Knox’s inclination was for the quiet of the study and the schoolroom, not for the responsibilities and perils of the life of a preacher of a proscribed and persecuted faith. He resisted the call with tears, and only after great hesitation was he persuaded to preach in the town of St. Andrews a sermon that convinced friend and foe alike that the great spokesman of Scottish Protestantism had been found. This was the turning point of Knox’s life from this time forward he regarded himself as called to preaching by God, and he was the more certain of the divine origin and compulsion of the call in that it ran counter to every inclination of his own.

At the end of June 1547, French assistance reached the governor of Scotland. The garrison of St. Andrews castle, bombarded from without and assailed by plague within, capitulated on terms that were not kept Knox and others were carried off to slavery in the French galleys. English intervention secured his release 19 months later, though with permanently broken health.

In England the Protestant government of Edward VI was endeavouring to hurry clergy and people into the Reformation faster, if anything, than most of them were willing to go. For this program preachers and propagandists were urgently required and because a return to a Scotland under Roman Catholic rule was impossible for Knox at this time, the English government promptly made him one of a select corps of licensed preachers and sent him north to propagate the Reformation in the turbulent garrison town of Berwick-upon-Tweed. He brought order to the town and established a congregation on Puritan lines, and there he met Marjorie Bowes, who was to become his wife. Early in 1551 he was given a new assignment in Newcastle and a little later was appointed to be one of the six royal chaplains whose duties included periodic residence at, and preaching before, the court as well as itinerant evangelism in areas where the regular clergy were lacking in Protestant zeal. He later refused to accept the bishopric of Rochester and the vicarage of Allhallows, London, but continued, under the patronage of the government, to exercise an itinerant ministry, mainly, but not exclusively, in Buckinghamshire, Kent, and London.

In three respects Knox left his mark on the Church of England: he took part in the shaping of its articles he secured the insertion into The Book of Common Prayer of the so-called black rubric, which denies the corporal presence of Christ in the consecrated bread and wine used in Holy Communion and explains that kneeling at communion implies no adoration of the elements and he was one of the chief foster fathers of English Puritanism, a reform movement started within the state church with a view to the more rigorous application of Reformation principles in doctrine and worship.

Recall to Scotland

In Scotland, matters reached a crisis in the spring of 1559. Two years earlier the Protestant lords had signed a “band,” or covenant, on Knox’s advice, pledging themselves to foster and defend “the Congregation of the Lord” and its ministers (hence their name “Lords of the Congregation”). The queen regent, the French-born Mary of Guise, had deemed it politic to make concessions to them. But when hostilities between Spain and France ended early in 1559, opening the possibility of stronger French intervention in Scotland, the queen regent felt that the time had come to call a final halt to the expansion of Protestantism. To this end she summoned the Protestant preachers, as ringleaders of the growing Protestant insubordination, to appear before her on May 10 at Stirling. The Protestants replied by recalling Knox from Geneva, and the Protestant lords, lairds, and commoners mustered at Dundee. On May 4, Knox joined them and they advanced to Perth, where, after a vehement sermon by Knox, the friaries were sacked.

By the end of June, Edinburgh was temporarily in Protestant hands and Knox was preaching in St. Giles’s but the triumph was illusory and Knox knew it. The voluntary army of Protestants could not keep the field for more than a few weeks the mercenary army of the queen regent could keep the field indefinitely and strike a crushing blow as Protestant strength declined. At this juncture Henry II of France died and power fell into the hands of the Guises, the brothers of the queen regent and uncles of the young queen of France— Mary, Queen of Scots and consort of Francis II, the new king of France. Strong French intervention in Scotland was now assured in furtherance of the Guise plan to displace Queen Elizabeth of England and to unite France, Scotland, and England under Francis II, of France, and Mary. Thus a political issue of critical international importance cut athwart the religious issue in Scotland. A French victory in Scotland would place Elizabeth and England in peril. It therefore behooved England to make common cause with the Scottish Protestants. Knox lost no opportunity to drive this fact home to Elizabeth. The autumn and winter of 1559 saw the Scottish Protestants in desperate plight. Only Knox’s superhuman exertions and indomitable spirit kept the cause in being. In the blackest hour Knox put fresh heart into the despairing Protestant leaders and staved off defeat at the hands of the government’s French mercenaries. On Knox’s resolution alone in these months hung the fate not only of Scottish Protestantism but of Elizabeth’s England as well.

In the spring of 1560, Elizabeth at last consented to English action. In April, 10,000 English troops joined the Scottish Protestants, the queen regent died in Edinburgh castle, and the disheartened French gave up. By treaty, French and English troops were then withdrawn, leaving the victorious Scottish Protestants to set their own house in order. Queen Mary was a Roman Catholic and an absentee in France, and all her sympathies were with the defeated side. The Scottish Parliament had never exercised much power, but now, meeting in August without royal authority, it proceeded to grapple with the religious issue. The Scots Confession (hurriedly prepared by Knox and three others) was adopted, and papal jurisdiction was abolished.

Person:Renaud II de Nevers (1)

Renauld II, Count of Nevers and Auxerre (died 1089) was the son of William I of Nevers, Count of Nevers and Ermengarde of Tonnerre.

He married Ida, daughter of Artald V, Count of Forez. They had a child:

Later he married Agnes of Beaugency. [1] They had:

  1. ↑ 1.01.1Renauld II, Count of Nevers, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia.
  2. RENAUD [II] de Nevers (-killed 5 Aug 1089)., in Cawley, Charles. Medieval Lands: A prosopography of medieval European noble and royal families.
  3. Renaud II de Nevers, Comte de Nevers, in Lundy, Darryl. The Peerage: A genealogical survey of the peerage of Britain as well as the royal families of Europe.
  4. ↑ Biographie a Wikipédia FR, in Wikipedia
    [[1]], trouvée 2016.

Renaud II de Nevers1, né en 1055, mort le 5 août 1089, comte de Nevers (1079-1089), fils aîné de Guillaume Ier, comte de Nevers, d'Auxerre et de Tonnerre, et d'Ermengarde de Tonnerre.

Knox II DE-1052 - History

Bios - Knox Family of Buffalo
By Edward T. Dunn

1876(?) - Quits school at age 15

1890 - Moves to Buffalo
1890 - Marries Grace Millard

1912 - Merges his stores with his cousin's to form Woolworth chain, of which he is first vice-president

1913 - Buys out Stephen Clement's share of Marine National Bank - Clement was president of the bank. Clement died in 1913. Knox died two years later. The two widows live next door on Delaware Avenue beginning in 1918.

1915 - Frank Jr.'s mother died and left her house at #672 Delaware Avenue, NW corner at Summer St., to him. When married, he and Dorothy lived there. (In 1915, Frank Jr. loses his mother his wife, Dorothy, loses her father.)

1915 - Grace buys #806 (now #800) Delaware the year her husband dies and the year her daughter, Virginia, marries Frank Goodyear Jr. and lives in #672 Delaware, four doors away from #806.

(The Goodyear and Knox mausoleums in Forest Lawn Cemetery are next to each other.)

1918 - Moves into #806, the house she built after demolishing the previous mansion on the site. Her next door neighbor, in the 1914 house, is the widow of Stephen Clement. Seymour Knox had bought Stephen Clement's share of Marine National Bank in 1913, the same year Clement died. Seymour died two years later.

  • 18?? - #414 Porter Avenue
  • 1896 - #467 Linwood
  • 1904 - #1049 Delaware [now #1035]
  • 1918 - #806 Delaware
  • Dorothy Virginia
    Born 1896(?)
  • Marjorie
  • Seymore Horace, Jr,

1915 - Marries Frank H. Goodyear, Jr.
1915 - She and husband live at #672 Delaware Avenue, the house where her husband grew up beginning at age 16. His mothert died in 1915 and left him the house.

(Her father, Seymour H, Knox I also died in 1915, the same year that her widowed mother decided to buy the house, #806, now #800 Delaware, three doors away from Dorothy.)

C. 1916-17 - Builds the main house at the Knox Farm in East Aurora. They would sell the house to Dorothy's brother, Seymour II, in 1929, and build a grander house three miles away on North Davis Road.

1930 - 39-year old Frank Goodyear, Jr. is killed in a car accident Dorothy survives with a wrenched shoulder.

1927 - Marries J. Hazard Campbell. Their summer home is on Willardshire Road next to the East Aurora estate of Seymour Knox, II. Campbell goes to work at Marine, now a family bank.

1938 - J. Hazard dies in a plane crash witnessed by Marjorie and two of her children.

1920 - After graduating from Yale, works in the family business, Marine Trust Bank .

1943-1970 - Chairman of Marine Trust Bank when construction begins on Marine's thirty-eight story building straddling lower Main Street.

1943-1971 - Chairman of F. W Woolworth co.

1961 - Albright Art Gallery renamed the Albright Knox Art Gallery

1923 - Marries Helen Northrup. Helen had graduated from the Albright Art School.

Helen graduated from the Albright Art School.

1923 The newlyweds move into the recently completed mansion behind #806 on #57 Oakland Place .

  • Seymour H., III
  • Northrup
    (The brothers bring the Sabres and NHL hockey to Buffalo in 1970)

O f Scots-Irish ancestry, Seymour Horace Knox was born in 1861 in Russell, Saint Lawrence County, New York, the son of James Horace Knox, a farmer, and his wife, the former Jane E. McBrier. James' grandfather had fought in the Revolution. The first of these Knoxes in America, William, came to Massachusetts from Belfast in 1737.

Seymour attended the district school and at fifteen, though he had never gone to high school, began to teach school himself. At seventeen he moved to Hart, Michigan, where for a few years he worked as a salesclerk. Then he left for Reading where in partnership with his first cousin, Frank W Woolworth, he opened a five-and-ten-cent store which failed. Unfazed, young Knox established the same kind of operation in Newark, New Jersey This succeeded, but Knox once again sold out and with Woolworth formed Woolworth & Knox in Erie.

With success here, Knox came to Buffalo in 1890 where he opened two stores, one on Main, the other on William Street, to be known as S. H. Knox. Woolworth expanded his empire by using partners to organize single outlets. Thus he could minimize his own outlay. In 1912, however, he merged his rivals, including S. H. Knox, into a company, which in time boasted 596 stores worldwide. Its headquarters were in the Woolworth Building, a $13 million skyscraper on lower Broadway in New York built in 1913. The new company, F. W. Woolworth, was capitalized at $65 million. Besides his large holdings in this gigantic venture, Knox was made first vice-president. He had also become a heavy player in the affairs of Marine National by purchasing Stephen Clement's interest in 1913.

Grace Millard, wife of Seymour, I

K nox was married in June 1890, the year he came to Buffalo:

Mrs. Knox was the former Grace Millard of Detroit, the daughter of Charles and Sarah Avery Millard . To some of her friends, Mrs. Knox confided the story of her romance with the young man with whom she was to rise to riches. She recalled to these friends that a trip to Buffalo brought about her meeting with Mr. Knox. She was one of a party of girls who came here on a short vacation, one of the girls knew Mr. Knox and he entertained the group.

Especially attracted to Grace Millard, he saw her frequently during her stay here and it wasn't long after the visit that they were married in Detroit and returned here to make their home. Her parents followed, arriving here shortly before Mr. Knox opened his first Buffalo store in the old Palace Arcade near Lafayette Square in the early 1880s [read 1890s]. -- Buffalo Evening News, August 31, 1936

The newlyweds' first home was #414 Porter Avenue by 1896 they were at #467 Linwood and in 1904 the city directory listed them at #1049 Delaware [now #1035].

Seymour, I, and Grace Millard's family

The 1905 census describes this household:

  • Seymour H. Knox 44
  • Grace Knox 40 wife
  • Dorothy Knox 9 daughter at school
  • Seymour Knox 7 son at school
  • Marjorie Knox 5 daughter at school
  • Domestics were Bertha Dengler 40 maid, Florence Heath 40 maid [and over the stable] Damon Sherman coachman, Kate Damon 25 wife.

The oldest of the Knox children, Gracia, born in 1893, died in infancy the second, Dorothy Virginia, married Frank Goodyear, Jr. and then Edmund Rogers the third, Marjorie, married J. Hazard Campbell, and after his death Benjamin Klopp, and died in 1980 and the fourth, Seymour H. Knox II, born in 1898, married Helen Northrup.

Seymour Knox, I, died in 1915, at fifty-four. In 1918 his widow moved from the baronial house her husband had built in 1904 into a magnificent mansion at #806.

A t Mrs. Seymour Knox's death in 1936, a writer reminisced on a life style which was hardly affected by the Depression:

. Mrs. Knox's principal joy was her many friends. She seldom wanted to be alone - her great desire was to be surrounded by her intimates and her children and grandchildren. Christmas time at the huge avenue mansion was always particularly happy time for her children, Seymour Knox Jr., Mrs. J. Hazard Campbell and Mrs. Edmund P Rogers of New York City and Buffalo, made a point ofreturning home for the festive celebration at which were present also Mrs. Knox Jr., Mr. Campbell and Mr. Rogers and their children.

Her children have always been close by. Mr. & Mrs. Campbell living with her Mrs. Rogers owning a home two doors away at Summer street and Delaware avenue and living there until the time of the death of her husband, Frank H. Goodyear, and her son and his wife live in Oakland place.

Mrs. Knox's magnificent summer place in East Aurora has in the last few years become the rendezvous for her children. As each one married, she built a charming home on the land for the couple and the original home has become the guesthouse. Mrs. Rogers, who has made her home in New York City since 1931, joins them here each year.

Mrs. Knox had a track of her own and fine stables in East Aurora. Her love of fine horses was fostered by her husband and for some time she had been vitally interested in the polo team headed by her son, Seymour. When an English team came over last year to play against them, Mrs. Knox entertained for the poloists.

At the time of the Peace Bridge opening ten years ago, Mrs. Knox had a large luncheon in her Delaware avenue home and among the notable guests were Vice President Charles G. Dawes, Premier and Mrs. Stanley Baldwin of England, and Secretary of State and Mrs. Frank B. Kellogg. When Lady Burley of England was in town as the guest of Mrs. Norman E. Mack, Mrs. Knox entertained for the out of-of-town guests. Mrs. Knox's entertainments were not so much for out-of-town people, however, as much as they were for her many Buffalo friends.

The ballroom, with mirrors lining the walls and ceiling is only one of the sumptuously furnished rooms in the large house. The drawing room, library and living rooms of the home, furnished in Empire style with much gilt framework and red brocaded upholstery, combine stateliness with comfortable hominess. Crystal chandeliers reflect the lights in each room.

Travel was balm for Mrs. Knox after the death of her husband and she was heard to remark recently, "If I were 45 today, there would not be a place in the world that I wouldn't see." She has motored all over Europe, traveled in the Orient and over this continent. She has a particular fondness for Pasadena, Cal. Her charities were extensive but she preferred to keep them quiet. -- Obituaries of Mrs. Knox in 1936 in the Buffalo News and the Courier Express.

I n 1927 Marjorie Knox married J. Hazard Campbell, born in 1900 in Providence, Rhode Island, a descendant of Oliver Hazard Perry, the victor at the Battle of Lake Erie in the War of 1812. Campbell was cruise director for a steamship line and met Marjorie aboard ship. They wed at the end of the cruise and returned to Buffalo where they lived at #806 and at Willardshire Road next to the East Aurora estate of Seymour Knox, II. Campbell went to work at Marine, now a family bank.

On August 23, 1938, Campbell and Lieutenant Commander Frank Hawks, a famous speed flyer, were killed in a crash just after takeoff in a small plane made by a company of which Hawks was vice-president and for which he was seeking Campbell's backing. The tragedy was witnessed from Edmund Rogers' polo field by Marjorie and two of their children. Hazard was the second son-in-law of Seymour Knox, I, to have died violently."

The widowed Marjorie returned to her former home at #806. In 1948 she married Benjamin Klopp, Buffalo native, Lafayette High graduate, World War I veteran, and partner in Phillips Brothers Basket Company. He was also associated with Niagara Falls Power Company and Sterling Engine. His first wife, who died in 1948, was Else Helen Schmidt (her middle name came from her mother, born Helen Johanna Maria, daughter of Jacob Schoellkopf), niece of power company president Jacob Schoellkopf. The Klopps lived at #806 until Marjorie's death in 1971.

S eymour H. Knox, II, was born in Buffalo in 1898. He attended Nichols and the Hotchkiss School in Connecticut. Graduating from Yale in 1920 he needed merely to fold into the family business. Since college he was identified with Marine Trust, of which he became director in 1921, vice-president in 1926, and chairman 1943-1970, when construction began on Marine's thirty-eight story building straddling lower Main Street. He joined the F. W Woolworth board in 1926 and was chairman from 1943 until reaching the mandatory retirement age forty-five years later in 1971.

At various times he was director of the New York Central and of Penn Central when it went bankrupt in1970, American Steamship Company, Hewitt-Robins, and Niagara Share. Like his father, who had bred champion trotters and pacers at his rambling East Aurora estate, the son, known as "Shorty," was a polo enthusiast. He led his Aurora team to the United States Championship in 1932 and later won a tournament in Europe and toured South America. His ranking as a seven-goal handicap player was one of his proudest boasts. He was a top squash player and invited the best to compete with him at East Aurora where he raised Angus Aberdeen cattle. His clubs included Buffalo Country, East Aurora Country, Park, Buffalo Tennis and Squash, and Yale.

Abandoning polo in the 1960s, Knox turned toward art. Conger Goodyear had talked him into pouring millions into avant guard works and donating them to public art museums. In the 1950s, with the advice of Gordon Smith, director of the Albright, Knox began buying for the gallery the works, then modestly priced, of Abstract Expressionist painters. In 1961 the Albright became the Albright-Knox. Knox encouraged younger artists as well as "old masters" of modern art like Picasso, Gauguin, and Giacometti. He was also a major benefactor of U.B., a longtime member of its council, and its chairman 1949-1969.

Helen Northrup: In 1923 Seymour H. Knox, II, married Helen Northrup, born in Buffalo in 1902, daughter of Louis G. and Sara E. Northrup of Buffalo. Helen graduated from Lafayette High and the Albright Art School in Buffalo. It was a marriage of likes since Helen loved horses, was an accomplished rider prominent in the Genesee Valley Hunt, played excellent tennis, and shared her husband's passion for the arts.

The newlyweds moved into the recently completed mansion behind #806 on #57 Oakland Place. They had two sons, Seymour H., III, born in Buffalo in 1926, and Northrup, born in Buffalo in 1928. Both grew up at #57 Oakland, though the family owned a summer home in East Aurora and a winter retreat in Aiken, South Carolina. They followed the example of their father in business, sports, the arts, and community service. Together they brought the Sabres hockey team to Buffalo in 1969..

Helen Knox died in 1971 Seymour, III, in 1990,

Northrup died in 1998 Northrup's widow, Lucetta Crisp, died in 2008.

W hen Marjorie Klopp died in 1971, #806 (later #800) went on the market. The total destruction of the Montefiore Club in 1969 made officers think of #806 as a replacement. They approached Seymour Knox, II, and intimated that for a reduced price they would be glad to rechristen the club Montefiore-Knox. He brushed the hint aside but sold the building anyway.

The club went bankrupt in 1977. The need to build athletic facilities and a furnace house had overtaxed club revenues. Previously #806 Delaware and #57 Oakland had been heated by the same unit, which with the sale went with #57 Oakland.

In 1978 three companies acquired three Avenue mansions as quality corporate headquarters.

  • Number 690 Delaware, the old Pratt place, went to Niagara Trading
  • #806 was sold to Computer Task Group
  • #891, the Orin Foster mansion, was obtained by De Rose Food Brokers.

A Courier-Express writer noted that "all three houses were built with rich, expensive materials which are not commonly used today," and pointed out that, "the imported marbles and hardwoods of these homes could only be acquired now - if at all - at a price many times the original cost" (C-E, August 25, 1978.)

These purchases pleased a scarcely revolutionary local group whose slogan was "Save the Mansions! " Later a News writer recalled that Dr. Charles Battista in 1974 prevented IBM from demolishing three buildings on the 800 block of Delaware Avenue to erect what the writer described as "a god-awful piece of garbage to stick in the middle of a pristine block" (BEN, July 3, 1999.)

The Reading , Pa. store opened Sept. 20th, 1884 [and] was a success from the beginning, where opening day sales totalled $209.20. So successful, in fact, that the inventory was valued at $1,531, and the end of the first week total sales were $1,517.

Newark was a disaster for the two cousins [Knox and Woolworth]. When they partnered in their next launch in Erie, it was also successful and helped them buy out of the lease they had in Newark.

In a bid to branch out on his own, away from cousin Frank Woolworth, he [Knox] had opened at store on Sept. 17th 1887 in Lockport along with his partner (and cousin) Edwin McBrier. In his travels back and forth he was intrigued by Buffalo's potential and partnered with Frank Woolworth in the first Buffalo store, opened at 409 Main St., on October 13th, 1888. The second Buffalo store was opened at 549 William St. on June 20th, 1891. These two stores would be moved to other addresses on the same streets, but the dates above were the original openings.

Published works

  • Report and Recommendations of a Board Appointed by the Bureau of Navigation Regarding the Instruction and Training of Line Officers, by Dudley W. Knox, Ernest J. King, and William S. Pye. (1920)
  • The Eclipse of American Sea Power (1922)
  • The Naval Genius of George Washington with a foreword by Admiral Hilary P. Jones. (1932)
  • Naval Documents Related to the Quasi-War between the United States and France, 1798–1800 Seven volumes. Published under direction of the Secretary of the Navy. Prepared by the Office of Naval Records and Library, Navy Department, under the supervision of Captain Dudley W. Knox, U.S. Navy (ret.), with an introduction by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. (1935–1939)
  • A History of the United States Navy, with an introduction by William L. Rodgers (1936) revised with a foreword by Chester W. Nimitz (1948, 2006)
  • Naval Documents Related to the United States Wars with the Barbary Powers Six volumes. Published under direction of the Secretary of the Navy. Prepared by the Office of Naval Records and Library, Navy Department, under the supervision of Captain Dudley W. Knox, U.S. Navy (ret.). (1939–1944)
  • Naval sketches of the war in California reproducing twenty-eight drawings made in 1846–47, by William H. Meyers descriptive text by Capt. Dudley W. Knox introduction by Franklin D. Roosevelt (1939)
  • Carte de la partie de la Virginie où l'armée combinée de France & des Etats-Unis de l'Amérique a fait prisonnière l'Armée anglaise, commandée par Lord Cornwallis le 19 octbre. 1781: avec le plan de l'attaque d'York-town & de Glocester, levée et dessinée sur les lieux par ordre des officiers genx. de l’Armée française & américaine / à Paris, ches Esnauts et Rapilly. (1945)
  • Dudley Wright Knox: A Register of his Papers in the Library of Congress (1971)

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