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Against the Stream documents the way that the rift between Stalin and Trotsky resounded in Britain. In 1930 some British left-wing activists formed a Trotskyist network that was antagonistic to the Stalinist USSR and sought to influence the mainstream British labour movement. The book has grown out of interviews with many of these the protagonists and research among the published documents and private correspondence of the period. It charts the history of Trotskyism in Britain from the first echoes of the Stalin-Trotsky faction fight, through to the emergence of the Fourth International in 1938. The authors aim to clarify some of forgotten historical and theoretical background to the tactics adopted by the Trotskyist faction and explain the movement's evolution into different millieux. It presents its picture 'warts and all' irrespective of orthodoxies, whether left or right.

Are sex scandals simply trivial distractions from serious issues or can they help democratize politics? In 1820, George IV's "royal gambols" with his mistresses endangered the Old Oak of the constitution. When he tried to divorce Queen Caroline for adultery, the resulting scandal enabled activists to overcome state censorship and revitalize reform. Looking at six major British scandals between 1763 and 1820, this book demonstrates that scandals brought people into politics, because they evoked familiar stories of sex and betrayal. In vibrant prose, woven with vivid character sketches and illustrations, Anna Clark explains that activists used these stories to illustrate constitutional issues concerning the Crown, Parliament, and public opinion. Clark argues that sex scandals grew out of the tension between aristocratic patronage and efficiency in government. For instance, in 1809 Mary Ann Clarke testified that she took bribes to persuade her royal lover, the army's commander-in-chief, to promote officers, buy government offices, and sway votes. Could women overcome scandals to participate in politics? This book also explains the real reason why the glamorous Georgiana, Duchess of Devonshire, became so controversial for campaigning in a 1784 election. Sex scandal also discredited Mary Wollstonecraft, one of the first feminists, after her death. Why do some scandals change politics, while others fizzle? Edmund Burke tried to stir up scandal about the British empire in India, but his lurid, sexual language led many to think he was insane. A unique blend of the history of sexuality and women's history with political and constitutional history, "Scandal" opens a revealing new window onto some of the greatest sex scandals of the past. In doing so, it allows us to more fully appreciate the sometimes shocking ways democracy has become what it is today.

More than any other Founding Father, Thomas Jefferson made his reputation on the brilliance of his writing. John Adams chose the 33-year-old Jefferson to draft the "Declaration of Independence" largely because of his "masterly Pen." The genius of the "Declaration" and Jefferson's later writings amply confirmed Adams's judgment. Few writers have said so much on so many subjects - and said it so well - as Jefferson. "The Quotable Jefferson" - the most comprehensive and authoritative book of Jefferson quotations ever published - demonstrates that as does no other book. Drawing primarily on "The Papers of Thomas Jefferson", published by Princeton University Press, John Kaminski has carefully collected and cleverly arranged Jefferson's pronouncements on almost 500 subjects, ranging from the profound and public - the Constitution - to the personal and peculiar - cold water bathing. "The Quotable Jefferson" is the first book to put Jefferson's words in context with a substantial introduction, a chronology of Jefferson's life, the source of each quotation, an appendix identifying Jefferson's correspondents, and a comprehensive index. The main section of Jefferson quotations, which are arranged alphabetically by topic, is followed by three other fascinating sections of quotations: Jefferson on his contemporaries, his contemporaries on him, and Jefferson on himself. This book will delight the casual reader and browser, but it is also a serious and carefully edited reference work. Whatever the subject, if Jefferson said something memorable about it, you are likely to find it here.

The Best Reviewed Books in History and Politics, November Edition

Anthony M. Amore’s The Woman Who Stole Vermeer, Declan Walsh’s The Nine Lives of Pakistan, Jeffrey H. Jackson’s Paper Bullets, Seb Falk’s The Light Ages, and Allan Allport’s Britain at Bay all feature among October’s best reviewed history and politics books.

Brought to you by Book Marks, Lit Hub’s “Rotten Tomatoes for books.”

6 Rave • 1 Positive

“Rich in tantalizing details, The Woman Who Stole Vermeer is filled with personal anecdotes from those who knew Dugdale the best—old college friends, colleagues and political compatriots who all remember her as wholly original and completely fearless … In striking detail, Amore describes how Dugdale was identified as the one who orchestrated the heist. Her subsequent arrest, theatrical trial and most dramatic crimes are also vividly explained. This exciting biography of a singular woman is for anyone who loves true crime, art, politics and history.”

–Sarojini Seupersad (BookPage)

4 Rave • 3 Positive

Read an excerpt from The Nine Lives of Pakistan here

“The question has confounded many: How does Pakistan stay alive? … The New York Timesforeign correspondent Declan Walsh is the latest to try to answer that question. In his new book, The Nine Lives of Pakistan: Dispatches From a Precarious State, he pulls from years of contact with sources on the ground, presenting nine narratives—each given its own chapter—to paint a vivid, complex portrait of a country at a crossroads … Walsh’s writing is elegant and expressive. It does what the best foreign correspondence should: transport the reader … Every character is fighting on his or her own front line in some way … Walsh beautifully braids in brief history lessons, placing each voice in proper context and feeding a richer understanding for readers coming to the region fresh.”

3 Rave • 4 Positive

Read an excerpt from Paper Bullets here

“… a fresh look at World War II resistance … Drawing on archival and genealogical sources, the women’s own writings, and histories of the period, Jackson creates a vivid picture of the tense, fearsome atmosphere of Jersey under Nazi occupation and the perils of resistance … A unique WWII history and absorbing story of two bold, unconventional women.”

2 Rave • 5 Positive

“… magnificent … a spell of seven finely crafted chapters … a prodigiously detailed ode to the medieval (and, it turns out, very modern) impulse ‘to tinker, to redesign, to incrementally improve or upgrade technology.’ By the end of Mr. Falk’s book, even previously indifferent readers will, I promise, never want to use ‘medieval’ as a slur word again … Medieval instruments are feats of technological ingenuity, and the reader is grateful when Mr. Falk emerges from the thicket of technical details to administer an encouraging pat on the shoulder … it occurred to me that Mr. Falk’s The Light Agesis written in similar fashion, though as a friendly invitation, not as a decree—as if John Westwyk and Seb Falk, separated in time but not in spirit, were joining hands while guiding us along or as if The Light Ageswere Mr. Falk’s own clever astrolabe, seeking to make that shimmering light in the distance look, as well it should, wonderfully close and luminously real.”

4 Rave • 1 Positive

“… demonstrate[s] well what we can learn and need to relearn about Britain’s People’s War … brave and bold arguments and nuance through thick description … [Allport] moves with ease, wit and insight between the high political and diplomatic, the social and economic, the strategic and military, with biographical vignettes and anecdotes illustrating the lived experience of ordinary people. That it is an epic story there is no doubt. But the twist is that it is a tale of national decline on an epic scale … imaginatively de-familiarizes national myths … Allport’s exposé of the private Chamberlain as insufferable, vain, a dreadful judge of character, and an appalling negotiator is balanced by a surprisingly judicious assessment of his foreign policy … Students of history will be grateful for it as a reference work and treasure trove for many years to come. Covering those traumatic months when civilians were under Nazi fire, the Home Intelligence Reports are a much needed reminder of the drama and diversity of experience, as well as of the quotidian, the petty, and the mundane … I, for one, can hardly wait for the sequel.”

A Political History Of The Olympic Games

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16 Best Political Books to Read Before the 2021 Election

Dive into candidate memoirs, the Mueller report, and narrative histories to stay informed for November 2020.

The 2020 presidential election is just a few months away, with Joe Biden as the presumptive Democratic nominee to face off against President Donald Trump in November. Of course, the conventions, debates, rallies, and actual voting mechanisms will all be impacted by the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic (and though the Democratic and Republican candidates are well known, there are still other parties on the ballot.) In the lead up to the general election, we've rounded up the best 16 books to get keep you informed, from candidate memoirs and insider accounts of the Trump administration, to deep dives on issues like immigration, race, and gender.

The controversy surrounding Russia's interference in the 2016 election resulted in a nearly two-year investigation by special counsel Robert Mueller. A redacted version of Mueller's report was released in April 2019, which found that although the Russian government did interfere in the 2016 presidential election (therefore violating U.S. criminal law), there was insufficient evidence that President Trump or his campaign engaged in a criminal conspiracy with Russia. The report did detail Trump's efforts to stymie the Mueller investigation, and whether those actions were tantamount to obstruction of justice. You can read the report in this book, which also has analysis by Washington Post reporters. And lest we forget, the Russia scandal was later upstaged by the revelation of the Ukraine affair, and Trump's subsequent impeachment by the House of Representatives in January 2020. He was acquitted by the Senate in February.

Even though the book has yet to hit the shelves, this explosive tell all by Mary L. Trump, Donald Trump's estranged niece, is sure to make even more headlines as the year goes on. Mary, a clinical psychologist, is the daughter of Fred Trump Jr., Donald Trump's older brother. There has been much speculation and controversy about what's in the book, so much so that legal action has already taken place. After Donald Trump alleged Mary was not allowed to write the book because she signed a non-disclosure agreement in 2001, following the dispute over his father, Fred Sr.'s estate, Donald's brother Robert Trump sued Mary to attempt to stop the book's publication. A New York state Supreme Court judge temporarily blocked the publication, but an appellate judge reversed the decision, allowing the publication of the book to proceed while both sides await a court date. The pre-publication controversy will no doubt increase people's interest in the book.

John Bolton, who served as Donald Trump's former National Security Advisor for 17 months, had a contentious relationship with the President. The two even disagreed on his departure: on the morning of September 10, 2019, Trump tweeted that he had fired Bolton, who in turn said he had actually resigned the previous night. Bolton infamously did not testify in the impeachment inquiry about the Ukraine affair, but the details are all here now. Democrats have slammed him for this choice, asking why he was unwilling to make the information public at the time, but would do so now in order to secure a lucrative book deal. Bolton's book describes the toxic culture in the West Wing and his observations, frustrations, and insights over his brief, tumultuous tenure.

Every Democratic candidate puts out a memoir before the election cycle kicks into gear&mdashit's a political rite of passage. Senator Elizabeth Warren has written a few books, but pick up her latest to brush up on her policy proposals.

The 20 most influential books in history

What’s the most influential book you’ve ever read? For most of us, that’s a tough call to make. But that was the question put to the public ahead of Academic Book Week. An expert panel of academic book-sellers, librarians and publishers nominated 200 titles, and members of the public were asked to vote online for their top 20.

Many of the books that make up the final 20 are hundreds – in one case thousands – of years old, proving that the best works really do stand the test of time. How many of these classics have you read?

1. On the Origins of Species

Author: Charles Darwin
Published: 1859
Why you should read it: It’s simple: “No work has so fundamentally changed the way we think about our very being and the world around us,” says Alan Staton, head of marketing at the Booksellers Association.

2. The Communist Manifesto

Author: Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels
Published: 1888
Why you should read it: As Marxist historian Ellen Meiksins Wood says, this is more than just a manifesto: “It’s not just a uniquely influential document in the theory and practice of revolutionary movements throughout the world it’s also a work of history, of economic, political and cultural analysis, and of prophecy.”

3. The Complete Works

Author: William Shakespeare
Published: The plays were first published between 1594 and 1634
Why you should read it: Elizabethan poet Ben Jonson said that Shakespeare was “not of an age but for all time”. He wasn’t wrong. Centuries later, Shakespeare’s plays are still by far the most studied and performed in the English-speaking world and beyond.

4. The Republic

Author: Plato
Published: 380 BC
Why you should read it: Not only is it an important piece of work from one of the most influential philosophers, it’s also very readable. “Plato did not write philosophy like a dry textbook – he wrote it like a living conversation,” says Robin Waterfield, a classics scholar.

5. Critique of Pure Reason

Author: Immanuel Kant
Published: 1781
Why you should read it: It’s not an easy read. But British philosopher A.C. Grayling thinks the effort more than pays off: “Kant’s book requires a degree of concentration to be understood and appreciated, but it richly repays close study both for its own sake and because of the far-reaching nature of what it suggests.”

6. A Vindication of the Rights of Woman

Author: Mary Wollstonecraft
Published: 1792
Why you should read it: At a time when revolutionaries were demanding equal rights for all men, Wollstonecraft demanded those rights be extended to women: “The book laid out the tenets of what today we call ‘equality’ or ‘liberal’ feminist theory,” says Anne Mellor, a professor of women’s studies.

7. The Wealth of Nations

Author: Adam Smith
Published: 1776
Why you should read it: Smith’s book has been described as “the foundation of economics, the origin of econometrics and the intellectual cradle of capitalism”, all of which are as relevant today as they were when he wrote it.

8. Orientalism

Author: Edward Said
Published: 1978
Why you should read it: Said’s book sought to reveal the West’s patronizing and largely inaccurate understanding of Asia, North Africa and the Middle East, and how these views help to “mobilize fear, hatred, disgust and resurgent self-pride and arrogance – much of it having to do with Islam and the Arabs on one side and ‘we’ Westerners on the other”. Unless you’ve been living under a rock since September 2001, you’ll understand why this book is as pertinent as ever.

9. Nineteen Eighty-Four

Author: George Orwell
Published: 1949
Why you should read it: “It’s much more than a book – it’s a novel of huge social and political significance that’s never going to date,” says Abe Books, especially in an age of digital surveillance. Is Big Brother watching you?

10. The Meaning of Relativity

Author: Albert Einstein
Published: 1922
Why you should read it: Einstein said his goal with the book was to give an insight into the theory of relativity to interested non-experts. This work does exactly that: “Nobody is better at explaining relativity than Einstein himself his account provides a combination of depth and clarity that only he could confidently produce,” writes Tom Siegfried of Science News.

11. The Second Sex

Author: Simone de Beauvoir
Published: 1949
Why you should read it: Times have changed for women since this book was first published. But Beauvoir’s central argument that “one is not born, but rather becomes, a woman” and her detailed examination of women throughout history still makes for a compelling read.

12. The Rights of Man

Author: Thomas Paine
Published: 1791
Why you should read it: Paine was “an original thinker, far ahead of his time,” says John Belchem of the University of Liverpool. The Rights of Man, written while Paine was taking part in the French Revolution, addresses issues – poverty, inequality, welfare – that are still hotly debated today.

13. A Brief History of Time

Author: Stephen Hawking
Published: 1988
Why you should read it: It tackles one of the biggest and most intriguing questions: where did we come from and where are we going? “I wanted to explain how far we had come in our understanding of the universe: how we might be near finding a complete theory that would describe the universe and everything in it,” writes Hawking.

14. Silent Spring

Author: Rachel Carson
Published: 1962
Why you should read it: When Carson, a former marine biologist, took on the chemical industry and revealed the damage pesticides were doing to the planet, she probably didn’t know how much of an impact her book would have. Described as “one of the most effective books ever written”, it paved the way for the modern environmental movement.

15. The Female Eunuch

Author: Germaine Greer
Published: 1970
Why you should read it: Even to this day, both Greer and her book divide feminists. And perhaps that’s why it made it on to this list: it still gets people thinking about and debating important issues. “Her insights, while not always strictly accurate, offer revelatory analysis, and in a language so searing it galvanizes us to reflect more deeply on the status of women and the nature of gender relations,” writes Zohra Moosa of Mama Cash.

16. The Prince

Author: Niccolò Machiavelli
Published: 1532
Why you should read it: The Prince provided aspiring rulers with a guide on getting power and holding on to it. “It may give readers an insight into the mindsets of leaders caught taking an ends-justify-the-means approach,” whether that be politicians or your boss.

17. Ways of Seeing

Author: John Berger
Published: 1972
Why you should read it: Berger’s book, based on a BBC television series, explores the way women and men are represented in culture, and how these representations influence the way they act. Thirty years after its release, the Independent described it as “a rare example of that much-claimed title, the trailblazer”.

18. The Making of the English Working Class

Author: E.P. Thompson
Published: 1963
Why you should read it: History is written by the victors, as they say. Which is why history books tend to be dominated by royalty and aristocrats. Thompson’s book departed from that tradition: “I am seeking to rescue the poor stockinger, the Luddite cropper, the obsolete hand-loom weaver, the utopian artisan, and even the deluded follower of Joanna Southcott, from the enormous condescension of posterity,” he wrote in the preface. The impact was immense: “The book set the terms of reference for much labour history that followed.”

19. The Uses of Literacy

Author: Richard Hoggart
Published: 1957
Why you should read it: With all the talk of income inequality – how it’s increasing, the many problems it spawns – Hoggart’s book about the working class is well worth a revisit: “Despite the social and economic transformations, thousands still recognize the life depicted – we should be closer to a classless society, but are not,” wrote Anita Sethi for the Independent.

20. The Naked Ape

Author: Desmond Morris
Published: 1967
Why you should read it: In this bestseller, Morris, a zoologist and ethologist, explores the human species by comparing them with other animals. He’s published follow-up books, but it’s this first one, and its “irresistible blend of hard science and populism” that still gets people talking.

Author: Stéphanie Thomson is an Editor at the World Economic Forum

Image: Thomas Lecky, department head of books and manuscripts at Christie’s, holds a first edition of Charles Darwin’s book “On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection” during a preview at Christie’s auction house in New York June 13, 2008. REUTERS/Lucas Jackson

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The Best History Book Subscription Boxes

Book subscription services have exploded in popularity, and there are so many to choose from these days. Even though they vary in genre and theme, it can be difficult to find subscription services for particular genres and sub-genres. Lots of services offer YA or mystery or children’s books, but very few offer exclusively historical fiction, history books, or nonfiction. However, never fear! We’ve rounded up a list of history book subscription boxes and services so that you can find the perfect box that will help you dive into the past with an amazing book. Here we go!

History Book Club – https://www.historybookclub.com

History Book Club is a flexible monthly service that lets you choose as many or as few books you want per month. At the start of each month, members can purchase credits for $17.50 each, and then redeem them for new hardcover history books. You can always skip a month or save your credits, but History Book Club has a wide yet carefully curated selection of historical books from different time periods all around the world. The nice thing about this box is that it includes fiction and nonfiction selections, so you have a lot of flexibility and options! Plus, if you buy two or more books each month, they ship for free! Some current books available now include The Season: A Social History of the Debutante by Kristen Richardson, The Great Pretender by Susan Cahalan, and Dreams of El Dorado by H.W. Brands.

UOpen History & Politics Box – https://www.uopen.com/subscription-box/history-and-politics-book-subscription-box

Do your tastes veer towards nonfiction and politics? The UOpen History & Politics box is for you, then! This is a monthly subscription box that offers readers a new history book or politics book, plus the occasional goodie. The monthly box begins at $23, but if you buy more than one month, you can save big time. It’s a British-based box, which means overseas subscribers may have to pay more in shipping, but the wide selections of biographies and political books make it worthwhile. Past books have included The Trial of Adolf Hitler by David King and The Future of War: A History by Lawrence Freedman.

The Book Hook Up: Political Nonfiction – https://www.strandbooks.com/strand-subscriptions/

The Strand in New York City offers a Political Nonfiction subscription service as part of their array of popular Book Hookup subscriptions. Each month you’ll receive a new, signed hardcover history or political nonfiction book, plus an assortment of goodies from The Strand and their partners. This is a great service if you want to build your collection of collectable books, and it starts at $50 per month–or if you want a really good deal, nab it for just $200 for the entire year. Past books have included One Person, No Vote: How Voter Suppression is Destroying Our Democracy by Carol Anderson and A Colony in a Nationby Chris Hayes.

Boxwalla – https://www.theboxwalla.com/shop/3232/book-box

Although Boxwalla isn’t strictly a history book subscription box, they pride themselves on picking books from all over the world that feature contemporary and classic authors, and look at both the past and present with special attention to Nobel laureates. Each month has a theme of a different destination, making it a really good choice for the diversely minded, global reader. The monthly subscription starts at $29.95, and includes two books each month, making it a very affordable box for the value. Past books include Voices from Chernobyl by Svetlana Alexievich and The Dew Breaker by Edwidge Danticat.

TBR: Tailored Book Recommendations

TBR is one of the few personalized book recommendation services available. You start out by simply filling out the reader survey, which asks you what books, authors, and genres you love, all-time favorites and recent favorites, what you want more of, what you want to steer clear of, and what your dealbreakers are. Then, you’ll be matched with an expert Bibliologist who will pick out three books based on your survey responses. You can choose to receive your recommendations two ways: recommendations-only, which comes as a recommendations letter via email, or as hardcover books, which are shipped to you from Print: A Bookstore in Portland, ME.

This is an awesome service if you want to get particular about your history book picks. For example, you can ask for nonfiction history books about a certain region, or historical fiction set during the Civil War, or history books that look at certain themes or topics. And since you will receive three recommendations each quarter, you can really mix it up! Plus, TBR allows you to offer feedback on your books and your Bibliologist, and you can always revise your requests from quarter to quarter. The recommendations-only level starts at $15 per quarter, and the hardcover level is $79 per quarter!

Want to learn more about how TBR works? Read on for more details. And if you want to explore more book subscription service options, check out our list of the best book subscription services for every type of book lover!

Courtney Vinopal is a general assignment reporter at the PBS NewsHour.

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Five Books About Politics and History That Make Great Gifts

“So many books, so little time,” said musician Frank Zappa. He was right, but the COVID-19 pandemic has, despite all its horrors, at least given people more time to read. The holiday season is at hand, now that December is here, and books always make great gifts for Christmas and Hanukkah. Here are just a few books that I have read or re-read in the past year. I recommend all of them for holiday reading or gift giving.

Historian David Pietrusza has written absorbing and readable volumes about American politics, sports and crime that bring the past to life today. His 1920: The Year of the Six Presidents is a compelling true story of an election a century ago that still has relevance to today’s political scene. In 1920, Republican Warren Harding and his running mate, Calvin Coolidge, won a landslide election over Democrat James Cox and a young Franklin Roosevelt, even though Harding had been dogged by “birtherism” accusations that he had Black ancestry. Harding died in office in 1923, and Coolidge became president. This book is a page-turner for political junkies that details how former and future presidents like Teddy Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, Herbert Hoover and FDR all had their eyes on the White House prize prior to the election a century ago.

Candace Millard’s Destiny of the Republic: A Tale of Madness, Medicine and the Murder of a President tells the story of the life and death of James Garfield, who was shot by Charles Guiteau, a religious fanatic and thwarted office-seeker, in 1881. A young, charismatic and compassionate president, Garfield died just six months after his inauguration. Doctors who attended the wounded leader only made matters worse by probing his wound with unwashed hands and unsterilized instruments, and the president died an agonizing and avoidable death. Millard’s history shows the truth of poet John Greenleaf Whittier’s words: “Of all sad words of tongue or pen, the saddest are these: ‘It might have been.’”

Jared Cohen’s Accidental Presidents: Eight Men Who Changed America is a look at vice presidents who became president after the chief executive died in office. John Tyler, Millard Fillmore, Andrew Johnson, Chester Arthur, Theodore Roosevelt, Calvin Coolidge, Harry Truman and Lyndon Johnson all were catapulted into the White House after their bosses died in office from illness or assassination. Though some of those men are little remembered today, Roosevelt, Truman and Johnson all left indelible influences on the history of this nation. Cohen’s book deserves a prominent place on the bookshelves of every presidential history buff.

John Meacham

Jon Meacham’s His Truth is Marching On is a biography of the late congressman and civil rights activist John Lewis that should join Meacham’s The Soul of America on the reading list of those who are inspired by history’s radicals and reformers. Lewis was the youngest man to speak at the 1963 march on Washington, when Martin Luther King gave the famous “I Have a Dream” oration, and he was the last surviving speaker at that memorable gathering at the Lincoln Memorial. Meacham’s biography is a fine tribute to Lewis and a fitting companion volume with the civil rights firebrand’s own autobiography, Walking With the Wind.

Coming up next spring is the 50th anniversary of the antiwar protests that rocked Washington in 1971. Journalist Lawrence Roberts has weighed in with a new look at the turmoil, Mayday 1971: A White House at War, a Revolt in the Streets, and the Untold History of America’s Biggest Mass Arrest. Though the events described in this volume happened half a century ago during the Nixon administration, this compelling volume shows that the political clashes during the early 1970s are still relevant today in the waning weeks of the Trump administration as another unscrupulous president exhibits Nixonian contempt for the “law and order” that he claims to support. Longtime peace campaigner David Dellinger, who spoke at Human Rights Festivals here in Athens during the 1980s and ‘90s, is a major character in Mayday 1971, and readers who remember or participated in the antiwar movement will find this book to be a must-read.

Happy reading and happy holidays. The ancient orator Cicero was right when he said, “A room without books is like a body without a soul.”

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Equally at home in economic theory and political philosophy, John Roemer has written a unique book that critiques economists' conceptions of justice from a philosophical perspective and philosophical theories of distributive justice from an economic one. He unites the economist's skill in constructing precise, axiomatic models with . More »