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Cecil Doyle - History

Cecil Doyle - History

Cecil J. Doyle

Born 10 August 1920 in Marshall, Minn., Cecil John Doyle enlisted in the Marine Corps Reserve 26 March 1941 and following aviation training at Corpus Christi Tex., was appointed a Second Lieutenant 6 April 1942. Lieutenant Doyle was declared missing in action 7 November 1942. For his extraordinary heroism while attached to a Marine fighting squadron in combat with enemy forces in the Solomons from 18 to 25 October, he was posthumously awarded the Navy Cross.

(DE-368: dp. 1,350- 1. 306'- b. 36'7"- dr. 13'4" s. 24 k.;
cpl. 186; a. 2 5", 3 21" tt., 8 dep., i dep. (hhj, 2 act.;
cl. John C Butler

Cecil J. Doyle (DE-368) was launched 1 July 1944 by Consolidated Steel Corp., Orange, Tex.; sponsored by Mrs. O. P. Doyle and commissioned 16 October 1944, Lieutenant Commander D. S. Crocker, USNR, in command.

Cecil J. Doyle carried out her first mission while still in shakedown, when she cruised on an air-sea rescue station during the flight of Government officials to the Yalta Conference. On 30 January 1945, she rendezvoused with HMS Ranee, and guarded the escort carrier through the Panama Canal and north to San Diego. Cecil J. Doyle continued on to Pearl Harbor and Eniwetok, where she arrived 28 March to join the Marshalls Gilbert Patrol and Escort Group. Her escort duties took her to Guam, and Ulithi, where on 30 April she was transferred to the Carolines Surface Patrol and Escort Group. On 2 May, Cecil J. Doyle's commanding officer became Commander, Screen, Peleliu, protecting the great anchorage in Kossol Roads.

While on patrol, Cecil J. Doyle several times rescued downed aviators, and on 27 May 1945, bombarded a bypassed Japanese garrison on Koror Island. On 2 August, she was ordered to the rescue of a large group of men in rafts reported at 11°30' N., 133°30' E., and bent on top speed to be the first to reach the survivors of torpedoed Indianapolis (CA-35). It was Cecil J. Doyle's melancholy duty to radio the first report of the cruiser's loss. She rescued 93 survivors, and gave final rites to 21 found already dead. Remaining in the area searching until 8 August, Cecil J. Doyle was the last to leave the scene.

From 26 August 1946, when she sailed into Buckner Bay, Okinawa, the destroyer was assigned to occupation duty. She sailed with hospital ships to Wakayama Japan, to evacuate released prisoners of war, then screened carriers providing air cover for landing of occupation troops. Through 12 November, she cruised on courier duty between Japanese ports, and after drydocking at Yokosuka, sailed for San Francisco, arriving 13 January 1946. She was decommissioned and placed in reserve at San Diego 2 July 1946.

Arthur Conan Doyle

Sir Arthur Ignatius Conan Doyle KStJ DL (22 May 1859 – 7 July 1930) was a British writer and physician. He created the character Sherlock Holmes in 1887 for A Study in Scarlet, the first of four novels and fifty-six short stories about Holmes and Dr. Watson. The Sherlock Holmes stories are considered milestones in the field of crime fiction.

Doyle was a prolific writer other than Holmes stories, his works include fantasy and science fiction stories about Professor Challenger and humorous stories about the Napoleonic soldier Brigadier Gerard, as well as plays, romances, poetry, non-fiction and historical novels. One of Doyle's early short stories, "J. Habakuk Jephson's Statement" (1884), helped to popularise the mystery of the Mary Celeste.

Doyle History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

The spelling and overall form of Irish names often vary considerably. The original Gaelic form of the name Doyle is O Dubhghaill, derived from the words dubh, which means black, and ghall, which means foreigner, or "dubhgall," which meant "dark and tall." [1]

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Early Origins of the Doyle family

The surname Doyle was first found in the counties of Wicklow, Wexford, and Carlow. Although the name is now common throughout Ireland, it has always retained a close association with these southeastern Leinster counties. Although at least one historian gives their descent from Dubhgilla, King of Idrone in Leinster, more evidence points to descent from King Conn of the " Hundred Battles." His name comes from the hundreds of battles he fought and won, before his death in the 2nd century. It is traditionally believed that the family takes its name from a Norseman who settled in Ireland prior to the Norman Conquest a theory that is borne out by the fact that the Doyles tended to be more concentrated in the coastal regions favored by Norse settlers. Moreover, the Gaelic word dubhghall was used in early times to refer to a Norseman or Scandinavian. With the settlement of Norsemen in various places, several distinct septs called O Dubhghail probably arose independently. [2]

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Early History of the Doyle family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Doyle research. Another 153 words (11 lines of text) covering the years 1786, 1834, 1873, 1917, 1797 and 1868 are included under the topic Early Doyle History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Doyle Spelling Variations

Names written in official documents were generally spelt as they sounded, leading to the problem of one name being recorded under several different variations, creating the illusion in records of more than one person. Among the many spelling variations of the surname Doyle that are preserved in documents of the family history are Doyle, O'Doyle, Doyill, Doill, Doile, Doyel and others.

Early Notables of the Doyle family (pre 1700)

Another 38 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Doyle Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Doyle migration +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Doyle Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Edward Doyle who settled in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania as early as 1683
  • Ed Doyle, who arrived in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1683 [3]
Doyle Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Owen Doyle, who arrived in Maryland in 1711 [3]
  • Elizabeth Doyle, who arrived in Boston, Massachusetts in 1716 [3]
  • Eliza Doyle, who settled in Boston Massachusetts in 1716
  • Thomas Doyle, who arrived in Virginia in 1717 [3]
  • Elizabeth Doyle, who settled in Virginia in 1723
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Doyle Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Lawrence Doyle, who landed in America in 1800 [3]
  • Walter Doyle, who landed in America in 1801 [3]
  • Patk Doyle, aged 20, who landed in New York, NY in 1803 [3]
  • Michael Doyle, aged 27, who landed in New York, NY in 1804 [3]
  • Margaret Doyle, aged 34, who landed in New York, NY in 1804 [3]
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Doyle migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Doyle Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • James Doyle, who arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1749
  • James Doyle, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Darby Doyle, who arrived in Halifax, Nova Scotia in 1750
  • Mr. Francis Drake U.E. who settled in Queensbury, York County, New Brunswick c. 1784 [4]
Doyle Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • John Doyle, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1801
  • Lawrence Doyle, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1803
  • Johanna Doyle, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1807
  • Mary Doyle, who landed in Nova Scotia in 1810
  • Margaret Doyle, who arrived in Nova Scotia in 1816
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Doyle migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Doyle Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. James Doyle, Irish convict who was convicted in Carlow, Ireland for life, transported aboard the "Atlas" on 29th November 1801, arriving in New South Wales, Australia[5]
  • Mr. Laurence Doyle, (b. 1762), aged 39, Irish convict who was convicted in Kilkenny, Ireland for 7 years, transported aboard the "Atlas" on 29th November 1801, arriving in New South Wales, Australia[5]
  • Ms. Mary Doyle, (b. 1775), aged 26, Irish convict who was convicted in Carlow, Ireland for 7 years, transported aboard the "Atlas" on 29th November 1801, arriving in New South Wales, Australia, she died in 1830 [5]
  • Mr. Patrick Doyle, Irish convict who was convicted in Dublin, Ireland for 7 years, transported aboard the "Atlas" on 29th November 1801, arriving in New South Wales, Australia[5]
  • Mr. Timothy Doyle, Irish convict who was convicted in Wexford, Ireland for 7 years, transported aboard the "Atlas" on 29th November 1801, arriving in New South Wales, Australia[5]
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Doyle migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Doyle Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Thomas Doyle, who arrived in Auckland, New Zealand aboard the ship "Cashmere" in 1851
  • Mr. Michael Doyle, (b. 1840), aged 20, Irish labourer from Dublin travelling from Bristol aboard the ship "William Miles" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st August 1860 [6]
  • Mrs. Bridget Doyle, (b. 1842), aged 18, Irish settler from Dublin travelling from Bristol aboard the ship "William Miles" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st August 1860 [6]
  • Mr. John Doyle, (b. 1836), aged 26, Scottish ploughman, from Kirkcudbrightshire travelling from London aboard the ship "Queen of Mersey" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, Southland, South Island, New Zealand on 20th October 1862 [6]
  • Mr. Doyle, British settler travelling from London aboard the ship "Sebastopol" arriving in Lyttelton, Christchurch, South Island, New Zealand on 21st May 1863 [6]
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Doyle (post 1700) +

  • Patrick "Paddy" Doyle (1941-2020), Irish hurler who played as a left wing-forward for the Tipperary senior team
  • Daniel "Danny" Doyle (1940-2019), Irish folk singer born in Dublin
  • Roddy Doyle (b. 1958), Irish novelist, dramatist and screenwriter and winner of the Booker Prize in 1993
  • Hollie Doyle (b. 1996), British jockey who competes in flat racing. She set a new record for winners ridden in a British season by a female jockey in 2019. The following year, she came fourth in the Flat Jockeys' Championship, the highest result for a woman to date. She came third in the BBC Sports Personality of the Year Award 2020, and was also named The Sunday Times sportswoman of the year
  • Debra Doyle (1952-2020), American author
  • Mr. James Niall Doyle M.B.E., British Squadron Leader, recipient of Member of the Order of the British Empire on 8th June 2018 [7]
  • Mr. David Charles Doyle, British First Deemster and Clerk of the Rolls and Deputy Governor of the Isle of Man, was appointed the Commander of the Order of the British Empire on 29th December 2018 for services to Manx Law [7]
  • Robert "Bobby" Doyle (1953-2019), Scottish professional footballer who played as a central midfielder
  • Amanda Lenker Doyle, two-time American Casting Society of America Award nominated casting manager
  • Jerry Doyle (1956-2016), American talk radio host, known for his nationally syndicated talk show, The Jerry Doyle Show
  • . (Another 162 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Doyle family +

Halifax Explosion
  • Master John Thomas Fred  Doyle (1908-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [8]
  • Mrs. Elizabeth Ann  Doyle (1885-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [8]
  • Miss Gertrude Helen Louise  Doyle (1915-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [8]
HMAS Sydney II
  • Mr. Edward Francis Doyle (1922-1941), Australian Able Seaman from Prospect, South Australia, Australia, who sailed into battle aboard HMAS Sydney II and died in the sinking [9]
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Thomas Doyle, British Stoker Petty Officer, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [10]
Pan Am Flight 103 (Lockerbie)
  • Michael Joseph Doyle (1958-1988), American Accountant from Voorhees, New Jersey, America, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [11]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. Michael Doyle, Irish 3rd Class passenger from County Kerry, Ireland, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [12]
  • Miss Anna Doyle, Irish 3rd Class passenger residing in New York, New York, USA returning to Ireland, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [12]
  • Mr. Peter Doyle, Irish Leading Fireman from Liverpool, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [13]
  • Mr. Joseph Doyle, English Trimmer from England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [13]
  • Mr. John Doyle, Irish Fireman from Liverpool, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [13]
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Laurence Doyle (d. 1912), aged 27, English Fireman/Stoker from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [14]
  • Miss Elizabeth Doyle (d. 1912), aged 24, Irish Third Class passenger from Bree, Wexford who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [14]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Wand B. Doyle, American Coxswain from Kentucky, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [15]

Related Stories +

The Doyle Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Fortitudine Vincit
Motto Translation: He conquers by fortitude.

Roddy Doyle

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Roddy Doyle, (born May 8, 1958, Dublin, Ireland), Irish author known for his unvarnished depiction of the working class in Ireland. Doyle’s distinctively Irish settings, style, mood, and phrasing made him a favourite fiction writer in his own country as well as overseas.

After majoring in English and geography at University College, Dublin, Doyle taught those subjects for 14 years at Greendale Community School, a Dublin grade school. During the summer break of his third year of teaching, Doyle began writing seriously. In the early 1980s he wrote a heavily political satire, Your Granny’s a Hunger Striker, but it was never published.

Doyle published the first editions of his comedy The Commitments (1987 film 1991) through his own company, King Farouk, until a London-based publisher took over. The work was the first installment of his internationally acclaimed Barrytown novels, which also included The Snapper (1990 film 1993), The Van (1991 film 1996), and The Guts (2013). The series centres on the ups and downs of the never-say-die Rabbitte family, who temper the bleakness of life in an Irish slum with familial love and understanding.

Doyle’s fourth novel, Paddy Clarke Ha Ha Ha (1993), won the 1993 Booker Prize. Set in the 1960s in a fictional working-class area of northern Dublin, the book examines the cruelty inflicted upon children by other children. The protagonist, 10-year-old Paddy Clarke, fears his classmates’ ostracism, especially after the breakup of his parents’ marriage. In 1994 Doyle wrote the BBC miniseries Family, which generated heated controversy throughout conservative Ireland. The program shed harsh light on a family’s struggle with domestic violence and alcoholism and portrayed the bleaker side of life in a housing project, the same venue he had used in the more comedic Barrytown novels. The Woman Who Walked into Doors (1996) and its sequel, Paula Spencer (2006), concern the ramifications of domestic abuse and alcoholism.

A Star Called Henry (1999) centres on an Irish Republican Army (IRA) soldier named Henry Smart and his adventures during the Easter Rising. Smart’s further adventures were detailed in Oh, Play That Thing (2004), which follows him as he journeys through the United States, and The Dead Republic (2010), which chronicles his return to Ireland. In Smile (2017) a lonely middle-aged man looks back on his life, especially his troubled childhood. Doyle’s next novel, Love (2020), follows two old friends as they spend a night drinking and looking back at their lives. The Deportees (2007) and Bullfighting (2011) are short-story collections. Doyle also wrote a number of books for children, including Wilderness (2007) and A Greyhound of a Girl (2011).

The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica This article was most recently revised and updated by Amy Tikkanen, Corrections Manager.

Mid-80s/Early 90s: Association with infamous criminals.

Best known as the "Night Stalker," Richard Ramirez terrorized Los Angeles from June 1984 to August 1985. During this time, the Texas native stayed at the Cecil Hotel on the 14th floor. In summer 1985, Los Angeles residents surrounded him after recognizing him from the newspapers. He was convicted of 13 counts of murder, five attempted murders and 11 sexual assaults.

Then in 1991, serial killer Jack Unterweger checked into the Cecil Hotel &mdash years after he was convicted of murder in 1976 in his native country of Austria. During his stay at the Cecil Hotel, he allegedly killed at least three sex workers. Despite receiving a life sentence, Jack was released on parole in 1990.

In 1994, the government of Austria found him guilty of nine murders, and issued a life sentence.

Cecil J. Doyle

On 7 November 1942, the Cactus Air Force received word of a Japanese destroyer flotilla approaching Guadalcanal. Twenty-five F4F-4 Wildcat fighters, including Lieutenant Doyle in Bureau Number 03467, intercepted the ships 120 miles offshore. Nine floatplanes accompanied the destroyers, and a dogfight quickly developed.

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Danny was from Minnesota. He was a little fighting Irishman, dark, wiry, full of sauce and afraid of nothing. When he and Casey [Koller C. Brandon] were training at Wold-Chamberlain Field, Minneapolis (where they first met) Danny saved the lives of two boys who tired while swimming A year later he jumped into the ocean at San Diego and saved a girl’s life. This was all routine to Danny, for he had been lifeguard at the city pool in Marshall, Minnesota for two seasons…. Danny came up through the Marshall high school and the State Teachers’ College at Mankato. He worked is way through, but found time for the CAA ground and flight course that led him into the Navy.
Both boys were original members of the eight-man flight that became known as the Flying Circus. When everyone was given a nickname for radio communication in the air, Casey was tagged “Fool” and Danny “Ish”— the Foolish Twins. They reveled in the name. In camp they were inseparable, and they always flew together. “I have to go along and look after Casey,” Danny always said, ignoring the fact that Casey was more than able to take care of himself.
Someone started the story back home that Doyle had been killed in the Midway battle. There were variations – he had crashed in the bay at San Diego, died in a midair crash at Honolulu, and drowned after taking off from a carrier. He got stacks of mail inquiring if the reports were true.
Danny was enchanted by the coconuts on Guadalcanal. “When I was a boy,” he said, “Mother always had to hide the coconut from me so I wouldn’t eat it all. Here we’re camped right in the middle of a coconut grove and I can have all I want.” He had great contempt for Japanese marksmanship. “Those goonies couldn’t hit the broad side of a barn,” he often remarked.
One day Danny’s plane needed repairs and he couldn’t go up. It was the first time he hadn’t flown with Casey. That night we waited uncomfortably for a plane that hadn’t come back. It was Casey’s. I don’t like to think of the expression on Danny’s face. He quit his wisecracking abruptly and became grim and quiet. By that time he had official credit for five planes shot down. “Those goonies are going to pay if it’s the last thing I do,” he said bitterly. “I’m going to double my score for Casey.”
One day Danny himself turned up missing. A flight mate told of seeing a Grumman chasing a Zero right into the sea. That was three weeks after Casey went down. Danny, who had sworn to avenge his friends death, must have been overtrying that day. We missed those two boys. Thinking later of their short and tragic history, the high promise and the glory of their youth, we fought more savagely against the enemy.
– Captain Joe Foss, VMF-121, in Joe Foss, Flying Marine: The Story Of His Flying Circus As Told To Walter Simmons, 1943

Articles and Records:

Excerpt from the War Diary of MAG-23, 7 November 1942. The St. Cloud Times, 8 December 1942. The Argus Leader (Sioux Falls, SD) 29 December 1942.
The Minneapolis Star, 22 April 1943. Stories of Foss’ squadron captured headlines for months. The serialized version of Captain Foss’ story brought the friendship of Casey and Danny to the country. This example from the Salt Lake Tribune, 23 May 1943. The Valley Morning Star (Harlingen, TX) 2 July 1944.
The Argus Leader (Sioux Falls, SD) 7 July 1944.

Photo Gallery:

Cecil Doyle in his Navy uniform, before becoming a Marine aviator. Doyle at home in Marshall, Minnesota prior to going overseas.

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Cecil was born on January 13, 1942 and passed away on Friday, June 16, 2017.

Cecil was a resident of Louisiana.

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95-year-old Cecil Lockhart becomes oldest organ donor in U.S. history

Cecil Lockhart, a 95-year-old, became the oldest organ donor in United States history after he died last week. Lockhart, of Welch, West Virginia died on May 4, and his liver was donated to a woman in her sixties, CBS Pittsburgh reports.

The Center for Organ Recovery & Education (CORE) President and CEO Susan Stuart said Monday that CORE is "incredibly proud to have been able to make this historic organ donation possible. This landmark in the field of transplantation is just another example of CORE's pioneering legacy and commitment to innovation which, over the last 40 years, has given 6,000 people in the United States the opportunity to save more than 15,000 others as organ donors."

Cecil Lockhart in undated family photo. CBS Pittsburgh

Lockhart's family said he chose to become a donor over 10 years ago after his son Stanley passed away and helped heal 75 people through tissue and cornea donations.

Cecil is survived by his wife of 75 years, Helen. He's also survived by his daughter, Sharon White and son Brian Lockhart, in addition to grandchildren and great-grandchildren.

"He was a generous person when he was alive, and we are filled with pride and hope knowing that, even after a long, happy life, he is able to continue that legacy of generosity," Cecil's daughter, Sharon White, said. "When my brother was a donor after he passed away a few years ago, it helped my dad to heal. And today, knowing his life is continuing through others really is helping us through our grief, too."

Cecil Doyle - History

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Biography History

Bio changes summary

B. Cecil Doyle was born and grew up near Maitland, in New South Wales. Her father, Robert Raworth Doyle, was a Hunter Valley grazier. In the earlier 20th century, she wrote poetry, short stories and literary items for a number of Australian newspapers and magazines and was well known within literary circles of the day. She was friendly with Mabel Forrest, who dedicated Poems (1927) to her, and she also appears to have known Sydney Partrige. Doyle's stories and prose items suggest that by 1914 she had travelled quite widely within Australia and had also visited New Zealand. During the 1920s she ran a library and bookshop in Maitland. Further biographical details remain to be established.

Генеалогия и история семьи Doyle

Members of Clan Doyle/Clann O DubhGhaill ("Dubh-Ghaill" . pronounced "Du-Gall") take their family surname from the Irish Gaelic words meaning "Dark/Evil foreigner" and this is just what the indigenous Celts called the Danish Vikings who started settling in Ireland and Scotland more than 1,100 years ago.

The Doyle's & McDowell's are descendants of the Vikings, who settled along the seacoast in pre-Norman times and in fact the Doyle's are and were always more numerous in areas adjacent to the sea coast, which tends to confirm this view. DubhGall, it may be mentioned, is the word used in early times to denote a Norseman or a Scandinavian. One authority, however, Rev. John Francis Shearman, asserts that the eponymous ancestor of the east Leinster Doyles was DubhGilla (a Norseman), son of Bruadar, King of Idrone (county Carlow), in the year 851. DubhGhall son of Amhlaibh (=Olaf), Prince of Leinster, was slain at the Battle of Clontarf, and Eoghan O DubhGaill is recorded in Waterford in 1291.

As DubhGhaill, the name appears in the "Annals of the Four Masters" at various dates between 978 and 1013. However, it does not appear in works concerned with Irish Genealogy, since the founder of the family is thought to be descended from a Norseman who came to Ireland raiding and then settled, before the Anglo-Norman invasions. The Doyles organized themselves exactly like the other Irish clans. Their war-cry "Killole Abu", refers to a hill of that name, near the present town of Arklow, where they assembled for war.

The Doyle and McDowell names (and in days gone by, O𠆝oyle) stand high in the list of Irish surnames arranged in order of numerical strength, holding twelfth place in Ireland. Though now widely distributed it was always most closely associated with the counties of southeast Leinster (Wicklow, Wexford, and Carlow) and Tipperary in which it is chiefly found today. Of course, the Doyles and O𠆝oyles are also prominent in and around other Viking settlements in Ireland such as Dublin, Waterford, Cork, Limerick, Galway, and Donegal. In the records of the fifteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth centuries this name also appears prominently in these same areas. However, the Dowells & McDowells are most common in Roscommon and Ulster.

Following the failure of the Jacobite Rebellion of 1690 many Doyles & McDowells fled into exile with the "Wild Geese", and took up arms against England in the service of France, Spain, and Austria. (There were 15 Irish regiments in the French Army alone.)

The Doyles & McDowells have a long and illustrious history from medieval times to the present day they have been prominent in the military*, the church, commerce, agriculture, engineering works, arts, and sport. In fact, the first bridge over the River Liffey in Dublin was constructed by a Doyle.

It sometimes is claimed that the Doyles & McDowells are an offshoot of the great Decies sept of O’Phelan.

  • from the 17th century on they were numerous in the armies of Europe and later Britain, where at one time there were six Doyles from Kilkenny all with the rank of Major General.

This famous surname is one of the most ancient names of Ireland. Numerically, with some twenty thousand nameholders, it is also one of the most popular, being twelfth in the table of numerical strength of Irish surnames. Originally the Clan Doyle, derived from the pre 10th century Gaelic 'Dhubh-ghall' (The dark stranger) was found mostly in the counties of South-East Leinster, (Wicklow, Wexford and Carlow) and surprisingly it largely remains so today, the name being rare in other regions. There is a traditional belief that the ancestor who gave his name to the family was a descendant of one of the Norsemen who settled in Ireland in pre-Norman times, and this is probably partly true. However if the original nameholders were dark, this suggests that a more likely explanation is that they were either 'Celts' (Olde English fleeing the Anglo-Saxon invaders of Northern England), or possibly Danes, who were much darker than the Norsemen, and who had established themselves in Ulster, the West of Scotland, and the Isle of Man. The surname is not included in the 'Gaelic Genealogies' which supports the view of 'Viking' entry. Be that as it may, the 'Doyle's', the clan is never known as O' Doyle, have made their mark on Irish history, and particularly in the Catholic Church. The Scottish form of Doyle is (Mac) Dougall, and this name was also used in the same way as a byname distinguishing darker-haired Danes from fair-haired Norwegians. The best-known bearer of the name is probably Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, (1859 - 1930), the creator of Sherlock Holmes, whilst an outstanding churchman was J K L Doyle, Bishop of Kildare (1786 - 1834). The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of O'Dubhghaill, which was dated 978, in the "Annals of the Four Masters", during the reign of Brian Boru, High King of Ireland, 940 - 1014. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.

Doyle is a surname of Irish origin. The name is a Anglicisation of the Gaelic Ó Dubhghaill, meaning "descendant of Dubhghall". The personal name Dubhghall contains the elements dubh "black" + gall "stranger".[1] Similar Scottish and Irish surnames, derived from the same personal name are: MacDougall / McDougall and MacDowell / McDowell.[1]

During the Viking Age the term Dubhghoill was used to describe the Vikings—usually Danes𠅊nd the term Fionnghoill ("fair foreigners") was used to describe Norwegians.[2] It is commonly held that these terms were used to distinguish the darker-haired Danes from fair-haired Norwegians.[1] Later, Fionnghall was used to describe Scottish Gaels from the Hebrides, and sometimes the Hiberno-Normans (or "Old English"). The most common term for the Hiberno-Normans was Seanghoill ("old foreigners") to difference themselves from the Dubhghoill the "new foreigners" or "dark foreigners" who came to Ireland during Tudor conquest of Ireland.[2]

The name Doyle is not found in any of the old genealogies, like other prominent Irish families. This has lead many to maintain that the Doyles are of somewhat recent origin in Ireland. Doyle is one of the 20 most common surnames in Ireland. In consequence it is thought that there may be several different specific origins for the name. Doyles found in Ulster may be of Scottish descent, as the name was used for MacDowell.