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Marcus Hanna - History

Marcus Hanna - History

Marcus Alonzo Hanna was born in New Lisbon, Ohio, on September 24, 1837. After his father’s death in 1862, he became a partner in the family’s Cleveland wholesale grocery firm. Two years later, he married the daughter of coal and iron magnate Daniel P. Rhodes. He later joined his family firm to Rhodes business, and the new company was reorganized in 1885 as M. A. Hanna and Company. In addition, he held interests in other Cleveland businesses, including a bank, a newspaper, the Opera House and the street railway system. He contributed to the 1880 presidential campaign, which earned him a place on the Republican State Committee. He supported Congressman William McKinley’s protectionist tariff of 1890, and aided him in his successful bid for the governorship of Ohio in 1891. Hanna helped McKinley win the Republican nomination for President in 1896, and managed McKinley’s campaign, while serving as chair of the Republican National Committee.
Hanna rejected a cabinet post, but was appointed US Senator from Ohio in 1897 to replace John Sherman, who had moved on to the post of Secretary of State in McKinley’s cabinet. In 1898, Hanna was elected to a full term. Initially opposed to interventionism and imperialism, Hanna eventually became a supporter of both policies. He also promoted the interests of big business, supported the Panama Canal, opposed civil service reform, and tried unsuccessfully to restore the failing merchant marine.
After McKinley’s assassination, Hanna remained in Washington as an advisor to the new President, Theodore Roosevelt. In 1901, he was appointed chairman of the National Civic Federation, later helping settle the anthracite strike of 1902. Hanna died on February 15, 1904, in Washington, D.C.

Marcus Hanna

Marcus Alonzo Hanna was born in New Lisbon, Ohio, on 24th September, 1837. The family moved to Cleveland where Hanna worked with his father in his grocery business (1853-62) before serving in the Union Army during the Civil War.

After the war Hanna and his father became involved in the coal and iron industry in Cleveland. Hanna later expanded into banking, transportation and publishing. This included establishing the Union National Bank and developing the Cleveland street railway system.

Hanna was a supporter of the Republican Party and was closely associated with the political career of William McKinley, who he helped served two terms as governor of Ohio (1892-96). Both men favoured a policy of high protective tariffs on foreign goods to protect home producers.

When William McKinley was selected by the Republican Party as their candidate in the 1896 presidential election, Hanna helped him raise $3,500,000 for his campaign. This enabled McKinley, to outspend his Democratic candidate, William Jennings Bryan, by 20 to 1.

William Randolph Hearst the owner of the New York Journal and his political cartoonist, Homer Davenport, supported William Jennings Bryan against the Republican candidate, William McKinley. As McKinley had an unblemished record in politics, it was decided to concentrate the attack on Hanna. After the election he produced a drawing, explaining how he had turned Hanna into an image of greed and manipulation.

Hanna's money was used in an advertising campaign that helped to undermine Bryan's political credibility. Hanna, who employed 1,400 people to distribute pamphlets in favour of his candidate, was considered to be instrumental in William McKinley defeating William Jennings Bryan by the electoral vote of 271 to 176.

Hanna's influence over McKinley's victory illustrated the growing influence of wealthy industrialists in American politics. This upset many liberals who favoured William Jennings Bryan and helped inspire what became known as muckraking journalism.

Marcus Alonzo Hanna was elected to the Senate in March 1897. He remained in the Senate until his death on 15th February, 1904.

Homer Davenport, Mark Hanna,
New York Journal (4th August, 1896)

Marcus A. Hanna

Marcus Alonzo Hanna was a prominent politician and United States Senator from Ohio during the late nineteenth and the early twentieth centuries.

Hanna was born on September 24, 1837, at New Lisbon, Ohio. His parents were members of the Society of Friends, and Hanna adopted their religious beliefs, as well as their hatred of slavery. In 1852, the Hanna family moved to Cleveland, Ohio, where Hanna attended high school. One of his classmates was John D. Rockefeller. In 1857, Hanna enrolled in the Western Reserve College, but he was expelled the following year for participating in a prank.

After leaving college, Hanna became a salesman for his father's wholesale grocery business. He played a minor role in the American Civil War, serving as one of Ohio's Hundred Days Men in 1864. He saw no combat while serving on garrison duty at Washington, DC. and left the army with the rank of second lieutenant. Upon completion of his brief military service, Hanna returned to Cleveland, where he managed his father's business. He also began to refine oil. In 1867, his oil refinery caught fire and was destroyed. Hanna transferred money from his other business ventures, causing them all to fail. Later in that same year, he took a job with Rhodes & Co. a business owned by his father-in-law. The company was involved in coal and iron mining in Ohio and nearby states.

Hanna recovered financially and invested in the Globe Shipbuilding Company, which built large steel freighters for use on the Great Lakes. During the 1880s, he also briefly owned the Cleveland Herald newspaper. Hanna established the Union National Bank in 1884, and helped create Little Consolidated, a company that specialized in street railway transportation.

After becoming a successful businessman in the 1880s, Hanna began to participate in politics. He was a life-long supporter of the Republican Party. In the first presidential election in which Hanna voted, he cast his ballot for Abraham Lincoln. Hanna utilized the Herald to endorse Republican issues. By the middle 1880s, Hanna was one of the most powerful Republicans in Ohio, although he had never served in an elected office. He was a close ally of Ohio Governor Joseph Foraker, but the two men became bitter enemies after Hanna allied himself with John Sherman and William McKinley.

During the late 1880s and 1890s, Hanna donated large amounts of money to Sherman and McKinley to assist them in their campaigns for political office. In 1891, Hanna's efforts helped secure Sherman's reappointment to the United States Senate and McKinley's election as Ohio governor. In 1894, Hanna stepped down as the head of his many companies and dedicated himself to electing McKinley President of the United States. In the election of 1896, Hanna served as the chairman of the Republican National Committee and used more than 100,000 dollars of his own money to secure McKinley's nomination.

He also established a grassroots movement to help McKinley win the presidency. He brought pressure on businessmen across the United States and warned them that the Democratic Party's candidate, William Jennings Bryan, opposed large businesses. Hanna's efforts won McKinley the presidency. His actions earned him a reputation as an unscrupulous person, who favored the wealthy over the poor.

Upon becoming president, McKinley offered Hanna a position in the cabinet. Hanna refused, preferring to seek an appointment to the United States Senate. McKinley appointed Senator John Sherman as Secretary of State and this opened up a Senate seat. Ohio's governor, Asa Bushnell, immediately appointed Hanna to the Senate. After a controversial election within the Ohio legislature, Hanna was reappointed to the Senate in 1898. As a senator, Hanna was President McKinley's strongest ally in the Congress. His greatest success was convincing the Congress to build the Panama Canal. Upon McKinley's death in 1901, Hanna remained one of the nation's most powerful Republicans. In 1903 and 1904, many Republicans contemplated nominating Hanna for the presidency rather than Roosevelt. Hanna withdrew from consideration and supported Roosevelt's nomination.

In 1903, the Ohio legislature reappointed Hanna to the Senate. Shortly after returning to Washington, DC, Hanna became ill. He died on February 15, 1904.



Date: April 3, 1924 Marcus A. Hanna : Marcus A. Hanna was a Ohio businessman and senator who lived from 1837-1904. Hanna is the man the building is named after, having been built by his son Daniel Rhodes Hanna to honor his fathers memory.

Source: Cleveland Plain Dealer

Creator: Unknown/Cleveland Plain Dealer

Date: February 16, 1904 (photo of Hanna-unknown Corner of E. 14th and Euclid around 1900: The Euclid Avenue Presbyterian Church stands on corner that would eventually become the Hanna Building. The church stands in the right side of the image.

Date: 1900 Sketch of prospective Hanna Building: Image reproduced based on architects drawings as it was produced prior to the buildings construction. Construction began in 1919 and completed in 1922.

Source: Cleveland Plain Dealer

Creator: Cleveland Plain Dealer

Date: 1919 Typical day in the Hanna building : "Professionals studying maps and plans at an office in the Hanna building." The Hanna building was home to 375 offices totaling 247,000 square feet of space

Date: October 25th, 1934 Cafe Monaco: "Interior view of the Cafe Monaco One of America's most beautiful restaurants. Located at the Hanna building at Playhouse Square Cleveland, Ohio, USA. The best known restaurant in Playhouse Square when the first 5 theaters first opened"

Creator: Curt Teich and Co.

Date: 1930's "Come to the Hanna Building and go any place in the world": Advertisement reflecting Hanna Building as the unofficial travel capitol of the region with 25 travel related agencies occupying 25,000 square feet of office space. Most of these agencies were airlines as a result of the introduction of commercial passenger jets.

Source: Cleveland Plain Dealer

Date: October 14, 1963 Clark's Hanna Building: "Clark's Hanna Building 1430 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, Ohio, In downtown Cleveland theatre district. Features cocktail lounge. Treasure chest for children. One of 14 restaurants in Cleveland, Akron, Erie."

Date: 1955-1959 New England Vacation Center: The New England Vacation Center was one of many travel related agencies to take up residence in the Hanna Building during the 1960's and 70's. This office was located at 2051 E. 14th Street in the Hanna Building Annex, Cleveland Ohio USA.

Biography [ edit | edit source ]

Hanna was born in Bristol, Maine, the son of the keeper of the Franklin Island Light. He spent his early years at the station before going off to sea at the age of ten. By 18 he had risen to the position of ship's steward. When the American Civil War began, Hanna enlisted, serving in the Navy for one year before being mustered out. He spent the remainder of the war fighting with various volunteer regiments. He saw action in 1863 at Port Hudson, Louisiana while serving as a Sergeant with the 50th Massachusetts Infantry. During the engagement Hanna volunteered to carry water behind the lines to the remainder of his company. This was the heaviest action he was to see during the war.

Hanna was appointed keeper of the Pemaquid Point Light in 1869. In 1873 he was transferred to Two Lights in Cape Elizabeth, where he served as head lightkeeper. It was there, on January㺜, 1885, that he saved two sailors from the schooner Australia which had wrecked on the rocks below the station.

Hanna was awarded the Gold Lifesaving Medal in 1885 for saving the two sailors. He also received the Medal of Honor in 1895, in recognition of his bravery at Port Hudson. Hanna is the only person in history to have received both awards.

In 1997 the United States Coast Guard named a Coastal buoy tender the USCGC Marcus Hanna (WLM-554). The Hanna is based in South Portland, Maine, near the site of Hanna's rescue of the sailors from the Australia.


The HANNA THEATER has served as the mecca of legitimate THEATER in Cleveland for over 60 years, providing Clevelanders with a source of quality theatrical entertainment rivaling Broadway. Located in the Hanna Bldg., the theater opened on 29 Mar. 1921. It was built by DAN R. HANNA, who dedicated it to the memory of his father, Sen. MARCUS A. HANNA, a theater lover and former owner of the EUCLID AVE. OPERA HOUSE. The Hanna Theater, Building, and Annex were constructed of Indiana limestone, designed by Chas. A. E. Platt, built by JOHN GILL & SONS, and decorated by Faustino Sampietro. Both exterior and interior were based on classic traditional architectural design. The first production at the 1,535-seat Hanna Theater was a presentation of The Prince and the Pauper. In ensuing years, it hosted a number of major touring Broadway shows and an occasional pre-Broadway tryout, notably the world premiere of Maxwell Anderson's High Tor on 30 Dec. 1936. Weathering the Depression, it became the only "road theater" in the country that had been in operation for 50 or more consecutive years. Milton Krantz became general manager of the Hanna in 1941, known as "Mr. First-Nighter" for his tradition of walking up the aisles and shaking hands with people he knew. After 42 years and 1,000 first nights, Krantz retired in 1983. Owned by the T. W. Grogan Co. since 1958, the Hanna was eclipsed in the 1980s by the revitalization of PLAYHOUSE SQUARE. It went dark in 1989.

A renovation effort spearheaded by T. W. Grogan Co. and Majestic Urban Revivals, Inc., was initiated in late 1993. Led by Ray K. Shepardson, a founder and former executive director of the Playhouse Square Assn., a $2 million restoration of the facility converted the theater into a multi-tiered, cabaret-style showplace. The reopening of the Hanna was planned for March 1996, the theater's 75th anniversary.

Vacha, John. From Broadway to Cleveland: A History of the Hanna Theater. Kent State University Press, 2007

Letters from the First District Lighthouse Inspector, 1884 – 1885

Letter submitting Marcus Hanna’s application for a lifesaving medal.

Many lighthouse “letterbooks” were damaged in a fire in the basement of the Department of Commerce in 1921. (This same fire destroyed the 1890 census.) I’ve heard that 40% of the lighthouse records that existed at that time were destroyed. Many surviving volumes were damaged and are too fragile to handle. In order to make them accessible to the general public I have started a digitization project to capture the damaged volumes.

The volume of letters from the first district Inspector to the U.S. Light-House Board, 1884 – 1885, was more than 500 pages–too large to create a PDF for web use so for this volume, I have created an image gallery.

Cape Elizabeth Keeper Marcus Hanna. Image courtesy of the U.S. Coast Guard

Most of the letters are routine but I noticed that this volume covers the January 28, 1885, rescue of crew from the shipwrecked schooner Australia (see p. 188). Cape Elizabeth lighthouse keeper Marcus Hanna went on to receive a gold lifesaving medal for his role in the rescue. On page 418, you find First District Inspector A.S. Crowninshield’s letter:

I have the honor to forward herewith an application from Mr. Marcus A. Hanna, Principal Keeper of Cape Elizabeth Light Station for a medal of honor for rescuing the lives of two persons from the wreck of the Schooner “Australia” on the morning of Jan. 28th 󈨙: together with sworn statements from several of the eye witnesses of the circumstances, and others.

In referring this application of Mr. Hanna’s to the Board, I would respectfully state, without hesitation, that Mr. Hanna’s exposure to danger on the occasion in question, was made under great peril to himself and in my opinion, I believe him entitled to the reward he is now seeking.

The wreck of the Australia drew support for a lifesaving station that was established at Cape Elizabeth in 1888. More on Keeper Hanna can be found in Maine Lighthouses: Documentation of Their Past.

Hanna Theatre

The Hanna complex, located in Playhouse Square, consists of the main building and the Annex, which connects the two buildings across Brownell Court. The structure was completed in 1921 and contains a total of 400,000 square feet. It was originally owned by Carl Hanna, grandson of industrialist and politician Marcus Alonzo Hanna, and the M.A. Hanna estate. In November 1958 the property was bought by T.W. Grogan, Vice-President and secretary of the Hanna Building.

Starting in 1945, the building went through its first three-phased modernization. The first phase was a complete renovation of the Continental Restaurant on the ground floor. The second phase was the modernization of the Hanna Theatre, located in the Annex. The final phase, in 1948, involved installing elevator units for the building. This took approximately 18 months to complete. The Hanna Building incorporated a top-of-the-line system by the Otis Elevator Company which used an electric brain to dispatch the elevators. This brain, the first in Cleveland and one of the first anywhere in the world, was state of the art and designed to pick up stray passengers left behind during the elevator rush hour.

By 1968, 85,000 square feet of office space had become a travel-related hub. The offices of twelve international airlines were located in the building, making it the largest airline conglomeration between Chicago and New York City. With the additional steamship and other various travel offices, there were a total of 24 travel companies in the Hanna Building.

Throughout its history the Hanna Theatre has been a major theater in the United States, attracting notable stars such as Katharine Hepburn. On April 26, 1971 a bomb was thrown outside the theater to protest the production of the play "Hair." The bomb bounced off the marquee and shattered windows in the Hanna Building and nearby storefronts.

The Hanna Building and Annex were added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1976 as a part of the Playhouse Square Group, the second largest theater complex in the United States after New York City's. In January 2008 the Hanna Theatre underwent a thorough renovation, bringing the theater into the 21st century.


Brownsville High School students were in for a change when they returned to classes after a four-day Easter holiday in 1967. Waiting for the 2,500 students was a new campus located on Price Road. The new building featured multiple pods which enclosed 5 acres of land. The new high school campus quickly filled up, at one time accommodating over 5,000 students who attended school in split sessions. Arnulfo L. Oliveira was the principal. In 1974, the school&rsquos name was changed from Brownsville High School to Hanna High School in honor of Brownsville administrator Homer Hanna. Daniel Breeden became principal of the newly named Hanna High School.

Marcus Hanna girlfriend & dating history

Not everything is known about Marcus Hanna’s past relationships and partners. While it’s usually simple to find out who Marcus is dating, it is harder to track all his flings, hookups, and breakups. Even in 2021, celebrities manage to stun us with the way they keep their lives private.

Marcus Hanna had at least few relationships. He has no children. Marcus Hanna has not been previously engaged. Surveys show that around 40% of men say “I love you” to their partner for the first time within the first month of a relationship, but men wait 90 days on average, and women take an average of 134 days. TESTTTT

Fact: The most common time for a couple to split is right around the two-year mark.

Insights about Marcus Hanna

Is Marcus Hanna single or dating?
Marcus Hanna is single.

How many relationships did Marcus Hanna have?
Marcus Hanna had at least few relationship in the past.

How many children does Marcus Hanna have?
He has no children.

Did Marcus Hanna have any affairs?
This information is not available.

How old is Marcus Hanna?
Marcus Hanna is 24 years old. His next birthday is in .

What is Marcus Hanna’s zodiac sign?
His zodiac sign is a Taurus with a ruling planet of Venus. According to the Chinese horoscope, Marcus’s zodiac animal is a Ox.

What is Marcus’s full name?
His real name is Marcus Hanna.

What is Marcus Hanna’s Net Worth?
At CelebsInsights, we don’t track net worth data, and we recommend checking out: NetWorthTotals.

What is Marcus Hanna’s life path number?
Marcus Hanna’s life path number is 7.

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Watch the video: Marcus History (January 2022).