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Timeline of Medieval Japan

Timeline of Medieval Japan

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History of Medieval Japan

When the Heian Period finished in 1185AD as the last of the Classical Period, Medieval Japan was formed.

Medieval Japan has a large history which ranged from 1185 to 1600. Warfare and destruction characterize medieval Japan, where samurai warriors were one of the significant ranks in the country. Buddism was a significant part of Japanese culture, and a major influence in its long history. It consisted of many eras depending on the family in rule Kamakura Period (1185-1333), Muromachi (1336-1573), Azuchi–Momoyama (1568-1603), Edo (1603-1868). With this long and vast history, Japan is very interesting with lost of great information!

Medieval Japan had a very distinct and interesting political structure in its society.

While the emperor remained as the face of the ruler, Japanese was actually run by the shogunates and aristocratic families. The imperial court were treated royally and remained in place but they had no significant power regarding Japan’s rule. Instead, shoguns played a very big role in ruling Japan. Shoguns were the general of Japanese military armies (samurais). In medieval times, Japan was in warfare and destruction which led to the rapid growth and popularity of samurais. This also caused to the rise in power of military generals Minamoto no Yoritomo was the founder of Japanese shogunate which was founded in early Kamakura to late Heian period. He was the first to begin ruling feudal japan with associated noble families and other daimyos- we currently have his Tachi in our exhibition! The shoguns government was called a bakufu which translates to tent government.

Aristocratic families were also a central part of Japan’s social and political history. Large and powerful families often fought to gain control of the imperial court. Along with the shogunates, the most dominant clan would rule Japan.

Social Japan was divided into a hierarchy with a four-tier system. At the top were the emperor and the imperial court along with high ranking noble families and shogunates. Below, were the peasants who consisted of farmers, craftsmen and merchants. This hierarchy was based on wealth and status.

While the Imperial court possessed no actual power, they were still a large part of Japanese social history. The aristocratic families and other noble people focused their lives around this court. They lived very comfortable and luxurious lives.

These noble families were very superficial and were portrayed to only care about their wealth and rank of status. They led comfortable lives only focused on their emperor, breeding and leisure. They were part of the highest ranking classes in the Feudal Japan.

Although samurais were only around 10% of Japanese society, they were largely respected by the people and had lost of power. Members of lower ranks were required to bow down passing samurais. If they failed to do so, samurais were given permission to cut off their heads. Samurais only answered to their daimyos (powerful warlords) who in turn only answered to their shogunates. Daimyos were incredibly wealthy and often owned their own castles and large areas of land.

Next on the hierarchy were the farmers. While most societies of that time considered them to be the lowest ranking group, Confucius’ ideals considered famers to be quite higher as they were important in providing the food for Japan and was thought to be quite respectable. However, despite being an honoured class, they were heavily taxed on.

Artisans were considered the following class. While many were particularly skilled and produced many beautiful utensils, clothes and woodblock prints, they were still below the famers on the hierarchy. Even artisans who were produced exceptional samurai swords, they still belonged to this lowly class. Artisans lived in their own segregated areas of large cities or the daimyo’s castles.

At the bottom of the four-tier system were the merchants. They were often criticized at “parasites” who made their living from other productive classes. They were required to live in separate sections from other classes and the higher ranks were not to mix with them unless on buisness matters. However, despite being heavily looked down on, merchant families were quite wealthy. With their growth in their finance, they were slowly more accepted to society and the restrictions against them were lessened.

There were also classes and occupations that determined people to be actually below the fo ur -tier system. This consisted of taboo subjects like geishas, prostitutes, executioners, butchers, tanners and descendants of slaves. These people were considered to be dirty and unclean.

Due to being torn by war and conflicts, religion was a big influence on the citizens of Japan during the medieval period. While religion was usually for higher classes, it reached all levels of the Japanese public in Feudal Japan and most were considered to be Buddhists, Shintoists or both.

Shinto was the indigenous religion of Japan. It was a nature based religion and thought to have come from the over powering effect of common natural disasters in Japan such as tsunamis and earthquakes. The Shinto deity were called kami and were sacred spirits that took the form and concepts in human life like trees and winds. It was believed that humans were fundamentally good and would become kamis after they died. The Japanese also believed that misfortune was created by evil spirits, to keep them away, they performed Shinto rituals like purifications, offerings and prayers to the kami. Kamis were very respected and were thought to have lived in Shinto shrines.

Buddhism was another central religion in Japan rising in the feudal period after being introduced in the 6 th century. They originally had conflict with the Shinto religion, but they eventually learned to co-exist. Zen Buddhism- the particular sect that was found most common in medieval times- was the body of persons adhering to a particular religious faith and was introduced in 1191. The Zen teaching encouraged and taught self enlightening through self discipline and meditation. Their theories were that the human’s lives were full of sufferings caused by death, illnesses and loss of loved ones. It was believed that by removing desires and attachment, self-enlightening could be achieved.

Zen Buddhism particularly affected the military class of feudal Japan. Samurais, being masters of discipline and conduct, found these theories and practical approaches especially pleasing. Zen monks even rose in political influence as the religion grew. Many monasteries were educational centres as well as being religious. While Zen Buddhism was a religion, many people consider it to be philosophical due to its approaches on life.

Japanese food seen today is not too different to what was consumed back then. Fish, rice and vegetables were a main part of their meals back then as they are now. Japan’s exquisite aesthetics and preparations of their food is thought to have been from Zen Buddhism where even simple activities like preparing meals were considered to be spiritual commitment.

Entertainment was also popular during feudal Japan. A sources of this was Noh , a theatre that some Japanese citizens attended to watch storytelling, juggling, and acrobatics, harvest ritual music and dance . Kyogen was also performed which were humorous skits. Art was also a main part of medieval Japan where they practiced painting, pottery, statues, gardening, flower arranging, calligraphy and woodblock printing. Through these, the Japanese’s appreciation for beauty and nature can be clearly seen.

Quality in The Industrial Revolution

Until the early 19th century, manufacturing in the industrialized world tended to follow this craftsmanship model. The factory system, with its emphasis on product inspection, started in Great Britain in the mid-1750s and grew into the Industrial Revolution in the early 1800s. American quality practices evolved in the 1800s as they were shaped by changes in predominant production methods.


In the early 19th century, manufacturing in the United States tended to follow the craftsmanship model used in the European countries. Since most craftsmen sold their goods locally, each had a tremendous personal stake in meeting customers&rsquo needs for quality. If quality needs weren&rsquot met, the craftsman ran the risk of losing customers not easily replaced. Therefore, masters maintained a form of quality control by inspecting goods before sale.

The Factory System

The factory system, a product of the Industrial Revolution in Europe, began to divide the craftsmen&rsquos trades into specialized tasks. This forced craftsmen to become factory workers and forced shop owners to become production supervisors, and marked an initial decline in employees&rsquo sense of empowerment and autonomy in the workplace. Quality in the factory system was ensured through the skill of laborers supplemented by audits and/or inspections. Defective products were either reworked or scrapped.

The Taylor System

Late in the 19th century the United States broke further from European tradition and adopted a new management approach developed by Frederick W. Taylor, whose goal was to increase productivity without increasing the number of skilled craftsmen. He achieved this by assigning factory planning to specialized engineers and by using craftsmen and supervisors as inspectors and managers who executed the engineers&rsquo plans.

Taylor&rsquos approach led to remarkable rises in productivity, but the new emphasis on productivity had a negative effect on quality. To remedy the quality decline, factory managers created inspection departments to keep defective products from reaching customers.

Timeline of Medieval Japan - History

Medieval and Middle Ages History Timelines

or kids and adults alike. Explore the history of the Medieval period from the time of Alfred the Great through the Norman Conquest and up to the start of the Tudor Age. Detailed Timelines contain events for years between 800 and 1547. Maps show the locations of castles, abbeys and cathedrals in England, Scotland and Wales. Every person and building on this site has a timeline and links to related subjects.

This site was last updated on 11th of June 2021.

ncover the lives of the hundreds of kings, queens, lords, ladies, barons, earls, archbishops and rebels who made the medieval people an exciting period of history to live through.

castle is a fortified building or set of buildings used to provide permanent or temporary protection and accomodation for kings and queens or important noblemen and their families. The term castle usually refers to stone buildings constructed during the Medieval period. The castle provided the centre for political and administrative power for the region.

bbeys and Monasteries were populated by many different religious orders with their own beliefs, rules and restrictions. The medieval period saw the foundation of a wide number of religious orders including the popular Benedictines and Cistercians.

3D Virtual Reconstructions

ransport yourself back up to a thousand years and explore historical buildings as they may have appeared in the past. Built using the popular game development tool Unity 3D, these reconstructions will run in the most of the popular web browsers on your desktop or laptop computer.

Late Tokugawa Period 1853-1867

This section of the research guide aims to encompass the mainly social characterization during Japan’s late Tokugawa shogunate. The late Tokugawa period in Japan is often identified by much social and cultural tension amongst samurai and other classes, due to conflicting traditionalist and modernist ideals of the time. The transition into the Meiji period, which is accepted as the beginning of Japan’s modern state, was a direct cause of the national and international tensions and influences of the late Tokugawa period.

The following sources serve to illustrate the respective environment of this period. Ray A. Moore’s article “Samurai Discontent and Social Mobility in the Late Tokugawa Period” aims to provide evidence for reasons why the samurai class increasingly grew with discontent politically, socially, and economically with the Tokugawa shogunate. Appraising Genji analyzes, in the form of literary criticism, one of Japan’s richest fictional tales to explore the cultural confusion of Japan’s niche in the world during the Tokugawa period. Musui’s Story expresses an honest view of a Tokugawa samurai as it tracks the life of samurai Katsu Kokichi and his inner struggles with loyalty and kindness, greed and deception, vanity and superstition.

Samurai Discontent and Social Mobility in the Late Tokugawa Period

  • Moore, Ray. “Samurai Discontent and Social Mobility in the Late Tokugawa Period.” Monumenta Nipponica 24, no. 1/2 (1969): 79-91.

Appraising Genji: Literary Criticism And Cultural Anxiety in the Age of the Last Samurai

  • Caddeau, Patrick. Appraising Genji: Literary Criticism And Cultural Anxiety in the Age of the Last Samurai . USA: State University of New York, 2006.

Musui’s Story : The Autobiography of a Tokugawa Samurai

  • Craig, Teruko. Musui’s Story : The Autobiography of a Tokugawa Samurai . USA: The University of Arizona Press, 1988.

Timeline of U.S.-Japan diplomatic history

Since the end of World War II, the U.S.-Japan alliance has been the cornerstone of U.S. security interests in Asia. The two countries’ partnership remains fundamental to regional stability and prosperity.

Here is a brief timeline of U.S.-Japan diplomatic history and cooperation since the mid-20th century, with a focus on security issues.


Shortly after signing the San Francisco peace treaty on September 8, 1951, Japan’s Prime Minister Shigeru Yoshida signs the Security Treaty Between the United States and Japan. (© Getty Images)

Officials meet in San Francisco to sign the Treaty of Peace with Japan on September 8, 1951, formally ending World War II and the Allied occupation of Japan. When the treaty goes into effect on April 28, 1952, Japan is once again an independent state and an ally of the United States.

While signing the peace treaty, U.S. and Japanese officials also sign the Security Treaty Between the United States and Japan — a 10-year, renewable military agreement that outlines a security arrangement for Japan that accommodates its pacifist constitution.

Japan’s Prime Minister Nobusuke Kishi signs the updated U.S.-Japan mutual security treaty on January 19, 1960, in Washington. Kishi, center left, sits beside President Dwight Eisenhower, center right. (© Robert M. Baer/AP Images)

Japan and the United States sign a new, revised Treaty of Mutual Cooperation and Security on January 19, 1960. Under the treaty, both parties agree to assist each other in case of armed attack on territories under Japanese administration (although Japan is constitutionally forbidden from resolving international disputes through military force). The treaty also includes provisions on further developing international and economic cooperation.


President Richard Nixon, right, welcomes Japanese Prime Minister Eisaku Sato to Washington on November 19, 1969. (© AP Images)

In November 1969, Japan’s Prime Minister Eisaku Sato visits Washington, where he and President Richard Nixon sign a joint communiqué announcing a U.S. agreement to return Okinawa — one of the Japanese territories acquired by the United States during wartime — to Japan in 1972. After 18 months of negotiations, the two countries sign an agreement in June 1971 with concrete provisions for the return.


A Japan Coast Guard vessel patrols near Chinese fishing boats approaching Kubajima Island in the Senkakus, near Okinawa, Japan, April 1978. (© Asahi Shimbun/Getty Images)

Japan and the United States sign the Guidelines for Japan-U.S. Defense Cooperation, a framework outlining the roles of each country’s military for Japan’s defense (Japan maintains self-defense forces, refraining from military engagement abroad except for U.N. peacekeeping operations). Washington and Tokyo launch joint training and exercises.

Japan also accepts greater responsibility for the defense of seas around its shores, pledges greater support for U.S. forces in Japan, and boosts its self-defense capability.


President Ronald Reagan chats with Japanese Prime Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone before the official start of their meeting in 1985. The two leaders met often over a span of several years to discuss issues such as nuclear energy and trade. (© Ira Schwartz/AP Images)

A U.S.-Japan working group produces the Reagan-Nakasone Joint Statement on Japan-United States Energy Cooperation in 1983. Bilateral energy relations are advanced further in 1987 by an agreement for cooperation concerning peaceful uses of nuclear energy.


U.S. military personnel work alongside a Japanese search and rescue team to find survivors amid earthquake debris in Unosumai, Japan, March, 2011. (MSgt. Jeremy Lock/USAF)

Timeline of Medieval Japan - History

Japanese Clans – Japanese History Timeline

Before the emperors, Japan was ruled by a set of system of clans. These Japanese clans came into existence because of marriage or because of a common ancestor. Each of these clans was ruled by a few powerful noblemen. These noblemen also served as the religious leaders of their clan. These clans adhere to Shinto these people believe that the spirit of their ancient ancestors will protect them and their villages. These ancestors were believed to listen to their prayers that a lot of these rituals were heard by their ancestors. The first emperors of Japan belong to the Yamato clan, who is said to be the most powerful clan in the 300s. Emperor Jimmu was the first to rule from this clan. Other clans can keep their land however they must abide by the emperor’s set of rules. By the 400s he had become the most powerful leader of his clan. These ancient emperors were humans but, the Japanese treated them with reverence equated to that of gods or divine power. This emperor holds power over the military. Japan is not known for changing emperors. Once they rule they rule until the day they die.

Wealth and power was based on land ownership. The main source of income of these wealthy landowners comes from farming or fishing. Some of these people have great talent in the art of weaving and making clothes. Some of those who were poor were enslaved and forced to serve as cook or maids in noble homes. The Yamato clan being one of the most interesting clan in Japanese history were said to be descendants of the sun god, Amaterasu Omikami. This clan was also known for its bravery during times of war. The Imperial clan was said to be descended from the five kings of Wa and Yamato. They were referred to as the Royal clan. There were also four main noble clans in Japan and these are:

  • Minamoto or Genji clan. These are compose of the 21 branches of the Imperial House of Japan
  • Taira or Heishi clan. This was compose of the four branches of Imperial House of Japan
  • Fujiwara clan. This was a descendant from Fujiwara
  • Tachibana clan. This was a descendant from Prince Naniwa-O

Minamoto clan were demoted members of the Imperial family. This was also known as the Genji. This was the common practice during the Heian period even if this took place during the Sengoku era. Emperor Saga has a huge number of children numbering to 49 thus this became a burden to the imperial household. To avoid the pressure of supporting such a huge family he turned his sons and daughters into noblemen and noblewomen instead of royals. Minamoto was a term created referring to a new clan derive from the old one. Branches of these clans named after the emperor from whom they descended from. Sadly, some have no descendants. The Taira was another offshoot of the imperial dynasty. They were considered to be one of the four important clans that dominated the political scene in Japan. This clan has proven to be the strongest and most dominant line. Eventually, they form the first Samurai dominated government in Japanese history.

The Oda clan claimed that they were descendants of the Taira. The Fujiwara clan belong to a group of powerful regents that descended from the Nakatomi clan. Fujiwara clan dominated the political scene in Japan during the period that they existed. They rose to power because of a coup-d-etat. This clan made a strategy that of marrying their daughters to emperors. They want to gain influence over the next emperor in line. The rise of warrior class made this clan slowly loss control over mainstream politics. Even if their influence in politics decline they remain close advisors to the succeeding Emperors. The Tachibana clan was based in the Tachibana castle. This clan had originated from Otomo Sadatoshi. He took this name and assigned Otomo vassals to guard the Tachibana castle. They were kicked out of this castle but, later on where reinstalled because when Yanagawa died he had no heirs.

Noble clans were composed of native clans descended from royal blood or legendary Japanese heroes. There were also clans that can trace back their roots to immigrant clans from other neighboring countries like China. Of course, to honor Toyotomi Hideyoshi, a newly created noble clan was founded. Family names from the late ancient era onward Myoji was generally used by Samurai to denote their family. The first political structure in Japan was based on large independent clans or uji who was led by powerful leaders. The leader of each clan has a secular and religious role. From the 4 th Century inhabitants of Japan who migrated from the mainland. Since there is a strong clan system, each clan gives a special honor to the god of their ancestor. It is clear that religion plays a huge role in the life of these clans. This was the reason why the Yamato clan claims that they are direct descendants of the sun god.

A creation story was propagated to chronicle how the emperor descended from the sun. Thus the royal family used Shinto as a method of political control. This religion has a cult following in Japan. The Yamato clan being descended from the first emperor of Japan still ruled Japan until today. In this system of clans, the head of the clan was called as Ujinokami. The constituents of this clan were called Ujibito. Ujibito ruled over a subordinate class known as Benotami and Nuhi. Not all clans are created equal. Classification of different groups in the Yamato kingdom. Omi and Muraji were titles given to those that belong to higher status. The difference between these two are that longtime supporters of the Yamato clan. Some clans were given an assignment to administer the government. Families were not left out thus a family registration system was develop to categorize common people of Yamato Kingdom. The clans have serve its purpose and that is to bring order to Japan.

Nagasaki History Facts and Timeline

Founded by the Portuguese during the 16th century, Nagasaki is perhaps most renowned for being the site of the second US atomic bomb in World War II. Originally a fairly insignificant fishing village, Nagasaki was very much off the radar until the year of 1543, when Portuguese explorers landed on the island of Kyushu and began to colonise the best-placed location.

In the early 1570s, Portuguese traders began harbouring ships in Nagasaki and the sleepy fishing village started to grow into a key port town. From here, Portuguese products including tobacco, fabrics and baked goods were all imported and introduced to Japanese society. The town would remain one of Japan's principal windows for foreign trade and influences for the few hundred years ahead.

This early period in Nagasaki history is the most interesting, since it was briefly a Jesuit colony. It escaped efforts by General Toyotomi Hideyoshi to rid Japan of foreign religious influence in the late 16th century, but after discovering a group of missionaries aboard a wrecked ship, he suspected a pretext for Spanish invasion and so began a period of crucifications in the town. Traders were tolerated however, and a change of leadership in Japan in 1603 allowed the English and the Dutch to settle without any religious strings attached.

The Meiji Period

After a period of unrest and a ban on overseas dealings, the Meiji Restoration (Imperial Restoration) saw Japan reopen its ports to diplomatic relations and international trade. In 1859, Nagasaki was declared a free port and the decade that followed witnessed many improvements to the infrastructure of the town.

This busy port town officially became a city in 1889. During this period, Nagasaki also developed into a major industrial hub. The building of ships soon served as a mainstay of the city's economy, with its dockyards being extensively used by the Imperial Japanese Navy, and its harbour being controlled by the Sasebo Naval District. It was partly for this reason that Nagasaki suffered one of the biggest catastrophes in Japan's history.

Atomic Bomb

On 9th August 1945, the city was struck by an atomic bomb, nicknamed the 'Fat Man', which was dropped by the US just three days after the bombing of Hiroshima. This plutonium bomb was dropped at around 11:00 in the morning and proceeded to obliterate everything to the north of Nagasaki, killing somewhere in the region of 70,000 Japanese. A similar number suffered injuries and more than 300,000 were left with diseases or direct side-effects of the lasting radiation, slowly dying as a result of the fallout and other radiation-related illnesses. The effects of this terrifying new warfare technology were decisive and within days, the Imperial Japanese Army had agreed to a surrender, thus ending the Pacific WWII.

The Recovery

Following the war, Nagasaki was slowly reconstructed, although little in the destroyed parts resembled the city of old. New temples soon graced the streets of the city, and churches were built to meet the needs of the increased amount of people practising Christianity here.

Much of Nagasaki's history was sadly wiped out by the bomb, but some of the debris remains as a poignant memorial to this day, including an archway erected close to ground zero and a simple torii gate. The renowned Atomic Bomb Museum was opened in the mid-1990s, around 50 years after the bombing, and offers an extensive history of the war and nuclear weapons in general, with audio-visuals, photographs and related documentation. Of note, you will find the Nagasaki International Peace Memorial Hall right next-door.

More recently, in 2005, the city expanded its boundaries to incorporate a number of suburb towns, such as those of Nomozaki, Sanwa and Sotome. The city is still a major port and supports a thriving shipping industry, as well as experiencing an influx of tourists due to its unusual historical significance.

The History and Culture of Japanese Geisha

A long standing stigma has been placed on Japanese Geisha girls. When someone thinks of a Geisha, they think of a glorified prostitute or call girl. This is far from the truth. Geisha’s are entertainers, and they are trained vigorously in art, music and dancing. If you translate Geisha into English, you get artist.

Being a true Geisha is an honor to the girls, who when they become full-fledged Geisha’s are then called geiko. If a girl begins her training to be a geisha before she is 21, she is called a maiko, meaning child dancer. A girl or woman can become a geisha even if she wasn’t a maiko, but if she had been a maiko she would enjoy much more prestige.

Because the geisha is much coveted, prostitutes have called themselves geisha’s to bring in more customers, but you will notice a distinct difference, and that is their attire. Both girls where a kimono, and over their kimono is an obi (or sash). Geisha’s tie their obi in the back, and prostitutes tie it in the front. One simple reason for this, you can’t tie it yourself if its in the back, and if you’re a prostitute, your going to need to tie it and untie it throughout the day. The prostitutes often went by the name ‘Geisha girls,’ or ‘panpan girls,’ and they often serviced American military. Geisha DO NOT engage in paid sex with clients.

Aren’t they courtesans? No they aren’t. While some girls may have a danna, a patron, take interest in them it doesn’t mean they will become intimate, although they most likely will. The danna pays for all of their expenses, sort of like a mistress, but relationship is a very intricate one that is not well understood. A geisha, even after completing her training, will continue to take classes.

So how does one become a geisha? Some girls were sold to the okiya, or geisha house, however this wasn’t too common in more reputable districts (a geisha district was called a hanamachi). Daughters of geisha usually became geisha themselves, and would most likely be the successor, atori, to the geisha house.

During the first stage of training, the girls would be put to work as maids and have to do everything they were told. This stage of training was called shikomi. The youngest of all the girls, or the newest to the house, would have to wait up until the most senior geisha returned home and assist her in getting ready for bed. This could be as late as two or three in the morning.

Also during this time the girls would be attending the hanamachi geisha school. Today’s girls still follow this custom to learn the traditions, dialect and the dress.
Once the girl has finished her shikomi training by becoming proficient in all of her classes and passing a dance exam, she was relieved of her “maid” duties and moved to the second stage of training, minarai. Minarai’s training would be done in the field, however they would not take part in the more advanced levels. They were they mostly to be seen and not heard so to speak. It is the minarai’s form of dress that we have adopted as what a geisha looks like. They are the most expressive and impressive designs, because their dress is supposed to speak for them.

A minarai teams up with an onee-san, or older sister. She follows her to her events and mainly observes or pours tea. A minarai could also work closely with a okaa-san, who is the proprietor of her geisha house. She’ll learn the art of conversation and how to play games. After she completes this stage she is promoted to maiko, an apprentice geisha. While the first two stages last only several months, maybe up to one year, the maiko stage could last years…

The maiko will go with her onee-san everywhere, but now she may participate, once her older sister feels comfortable. The onee-san teaches the maiko how to be a true geisha, tea ceremony, flower arrangement, calligraphy, playing the shamisan (a three string instrument), dancing, conversation. She will help her pick a new professional name. She will perfect her way of doing her hair and makeup. Hair is washed about once a week, and the design of the sytle so intricate it has to be done by a professional. A thick white foundation is applied to the face, neck and chest. A line is left around the hairline to create a ‘mask’ look. And a 'W' like shape is left at the back of the neck. Black is then traced around the eyes and eyebrows, a maiko also traditionally wears red around the eyes too. The lips are then colored, red, but not the entire lip, only parts of them. After three years of wearing her makeup, the maiko will wear a more subdued style. A lot of established geisha only wear their makeup when doing a special performance. Depending on if you’re in Kyoto or Tokyo, a geisha’s disposition is different. Tokyo geisha are more apt to be sassy, while geisha from Kyoto are more demure.

After her onee-san feels she is ready, the maiko will become a full-fledged geisha and charge full price. There are two types of geisha, a tachikata, who mainly dances and a jikata who mainly sings and plays instruments. The former are usually the younger girls and the latter older more established geisha.

But what are they charging what? You may have gotten some sort of idea, but let me explain further.

They attend parties and tea houses, where they are the entertainment and hostesses. They pour tea, sing, dance, play instruments, and chat with the guests. In other words they are the life of the party and companions.

The training to become a geisha is extremely rigorous, and because of this the number of women today who are becoming geisha is diminishing.

If you are interested in reading some books about geisha, here is a list:

Geisha, A Life, by Mineko Iwasaki
Autobiography of a Geisha, by Sayo Masuda
The Asian Mystique, by Sheridan Prasso
Memoirs of a Geisha, Arthur Golden

Medieval Japan Interactive Notebook Feudal Japan

Medieval Japan / Middle Ages for Interactive Social Studies Notebook!

***Important Update - Now includes additional, colorful Digital Google Slides Version for Google Classroom! Designed for Distance Learning

This product contains interactive cut and paste learning material for students to create an organized social studies interactive notebook. Timelines, flaps, graphic organizers, important figures, vocabulary, answer key, and much more are included in this resource!

This resource is part of the Medieval Times / Middle Ages Curriculum

Answer Key Included!

This resource is aligned with Medieval Japan Interactive PowerPoint I would highly recommend using this resource along with the Interactive Notebook but it is optional. The Interactive Notebook is a stand-alone resource.

Topics covered in this unit include: Shinto, Kami, Japanese Society, Clans, Hierarchy, Emperors, Regents, Shoguns, Daimyo, Feudalism, Vassals, Zen Buddhism, Noh, Kabuki, Haikus, Lady Murasaki, Tale of Genji, Military Society, Samurai, Bushido, Mongol Invasion, Sakoku, and Much More!

This product contains

Social Studies Notebook Cover………….……………….…..……..7

Geography and Map Medieval Japan………………………..11

Shinto and The Way of the Gods………………………………….12

Japanese Society, Emperors, Regents………………….13

Zen Buddhism, Noh, Kabuki, and Haikus………………..14

Lady Murasaki and Tale of Genji…………………….……………16

Feudalism in Japan, A Military Society……………………17

Influential Warriors of Japan……………………………………….19

Mongol Invasions and Sakoku………………………………………..20

Events Timeline Answers……………………………………………………24

Map of Medieval Japan Answers………………………………25

Japanese Society, Emperors, Answers……………. 27

Zen Buddhism, Drama and Lit. Answers………………28

Lady Murasaki Tale of Genji Answers……………………29

Feudalism in Japan and Military Answers………….30

Influential Warriors of Japan Answers……………….31

Mongol Invasions and Sakoku Answers……………….32

Thank You Pages and Copyright……………………………33-34

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