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To what extent did the Jewish tradition of debate influence the development of Classical Liberalism in Europe?

To what extent did the Jewish tradition of debate influence the development of Classical Liberalism in Europe?

Judaism has a long tradition of valuing debate. My sense is that it is somewhat singular in this regard. Certainly there is debate within Islam or Christianity, but if I understand correctly, Judaism more explicitly values and encourages debate itself as a way of converging on wisdom and truth.

I am interested in the extent to which this value influenced Classical Liberal ideology, which similarly values debate. Most of the big names I associate with Classical Liberalism (JS Mill, Adam Smith, John Locke, Jeremy Bentham) were either Christian or agnostic. Were there important Jewish thinkers in this tradition who seem to have derived their pro-debate leanings from Judaism?

I have posted the same question in Mi Yodeya (the Judaism This Site) to get the perspective from that stack as well.