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Jack Crayston

Jack Crayston

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Jack Crayston was born in Grange-over-Sands on 9th October 1910. A right-half he played for Ulverston Town before joining Barrow in 1928, who at the time was playing in the Third Division.

After playing 77 games for Barrow he joined Second Division side Bradford Park Avenue in 1930. Crayston developed a reputation as an outstanding defender. However, he suffered injury problems and broke his leg and wrist in the 1933-34 season.

In May 1934 George Allison, the manager of Arsenal, paid £5,250 for the talented Crayston. A non-smoker and teetotaller, Crayston joined a defence that included Frank Moss, Eddie Hapgood, George Male, Wilf Copping, Herbie Roberts and Bob John.

Crayston was a great success at Arsenal. He made his debut against Liverpool on 1st September 1934. and scored in the 8-1 victory. According to Jeff Harris, the author of Arsenal Who's Who, Cranston was "full of grace, an excellent ball player, strong in the tackle and brilliant in the air."

Crayston also became close friends with Wilf Copping. As Tom Whittaker pointed out in his autobiography, The Arsenal Story: "Although very dissimilar on and off the field, Crayston and Copping were inseparable. They trained together - that was another idea handed on by Chapman; he always insisted that a fast runner should train together with a slower mover, so as to help him increase his pace - and on all journeys were to be seen together, inevitably playing a peculiar form of Chinese whist."

Arsenal won the 1934-35 First Division league championship. Crayston played in 37 of the 42 games. Top scorer was Ted Drake who scored an amazing 42 goals in 41 games. This included three hat-tricks against Liverpool, Tottenham Hotspur and Leicester City and four, four-goal hauls, against Birmingham City, Chelsea, Wolves and Middlesbrough.

Crayston won his first international cap for England against Germany on 4th December 1935. England won the game 3-0. The England team that day included Cliff Bastin, Jackie Bray, George Camsell, Raich Carter, Eddie Hapgood, George Male, Stanley Matthews and Ray Westwood.

Arsenal finished in 6th place behind Sunderland in the 1935-36 season. A major factor in this was that Ted Drake was out of action for ten weeks with a serious knee injury. Arsenal did much better in the FA Cup that season. Arsenal beat Liverpool (2-0), Newcastle United (3-0), Barnsley (4-1) and Grimsby Town (1-0) to reach the final against Sheffield United. Drake, who was not fully fit, scored the only goal of the game.

Before the start of the 1937-38 season Herbie Roberts, Bob John and Alex James retired from football. Joe Hulme was out with a long-term back injury and Ray Bowden was sold to Newcastle United. However, a new group of younger players such as Bernard Joy, Alf Kirchen and Leslie Compton, became regulars in the side. George Hunt was also bought from Tottenham Hotspur to provide cover for Ted Drake who was still suffering from a knee injury. Cliff Bastin, Eddie Hapgood and George Male were now the only survivors of the team managed by Herbert Chapman.

Wolves were expected to be Arsenal's main rivals in the 1937-38 season. However, it was Brentford who led the table in February. They also beat Arsenal on 18th April, a game in which Ted Drake broke his wrist and suffered a bad head wound. However, it was the only two points they won during a eight game period and gradually dropped out of contention.

On the last day of the season Wolves were away to Sunderland. If Wolves won the game they would be champions, but they drew 1-1. Arsenal beat Bolton Wanderers at Highbury and won their fifth title in eight years. As a result of his many injuries, Ted Drake only played in 28 games but he still ended up the club's top scorer with 17 goals. Jack Crayston played in 31 league games that season and qualified for a second league championship medal.

Crayston won his eighth and last international cap for England against Czechoslovakia on 1st December 1937. Crayston scored one of the goals in England's 5-4 victory. The England team that day included Sam Barkas, Wilf Copping, Stan Cullis, Len Goulden, Willie Hall, Stanley Matthews, John Morton, Bert Sproston and Vic Woodley.

During the Second World War Cranston served in the Royal Air Force. However, he did manage to play in nearly a hundred friendly games until suffering a serious injury in December 1943.

In 1945 Crayston joined the Arsenal coaching staff and in June 1947 was appointed assistant manager to Tom Whittaker. After the death of Whittaker in November 1956 he became manager of the club. In his first season Arsenal finished in 5th place. However, the following season Arsenal slipped to 12th place, which was the club's lowest position for 38 years. In May 1958 Crayston resigned as manager.

In July 1958 Crayston was appointed manager of Doncaster Rovers in the Third Division. Unfortunately, the club finished in 22nd place in the 1958-59 season and was relegated. After spending two unsuccessful seasons in the Fourth Division he resigned as manager in March 1961.

Jack Crayston died aged 82 in December 1992.

Mr. Allison followed the signing of Drake by securing Jack Crayston, that elegant gentleman of the football field, and the tough, blue-chinned Wilf Copping. Although very dissimilar on and off the field, Crayston and Copping were inseparable. They trained together - that was another idea handed on by Chapman; he always insisted that a fast runner should train together with a slower mover, so as to help him increase his pace - and on all journeys were to be seen together, inevitably playing a peculiar form of Chinese whist. These three players were to win two First Division championship medals and a Cup winners' medal in the few years left before the war stopped competitive football.

On this day in 1910, William John ‘Jack’ Crayston, who would play over 180 times for Arsenal before managing them, was born.

Jack Crayston (1910 – 1992), manager of Arsenal FC, issues directions, January 1957. (Photo by Chris Ware/Keystone Features/Hulton Archive/Getty Images) J. Crayston

Arriving in the world at Grange-over-Sands in Lancashire, Jack Crayston made his way to Arsenal in 1934 to begin a 24-year affiliation with the club spanning 187 matches as a player before moving into coaching and management at the club.

Signed by George Allison despite having both a broken wrist and leg at the time, the right-half scored on his competitive debut as Arsenal thrashed Liverpool 8-1.

Standing over six feet tall and weighing 13 stone, he was famed for his long throws and huge feet that required specially-made size 12 boots.

A knee-injury against West Ham ended his playing career during the Second World War and he moved into coaching at Arsenal, becoming Tom Whittaker’s assistant in 1947.

As Whittaker became ill in 1956, Crayston was made caretaker manager before being given the role on a permanent basis a few months later, turning down a lucrative approach from Hull City, to replace Whittaker who had passed away.

Arsenal footballers training with Tom Whittaker at the club’s Highbury Stadium, late 1930s. Players include Jack Crayston, George Male, Ted Drake, Cliff Bastin, Wilf Copping and George Swindin. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

His managerial career was not as successful as his playing time, however, although it was not helped by not being allowed to bring in new players.

While he won the league twice, including a double in 1934/35 as a player and helped Whittaker’s Arsenal to two more league titles and another FA Cup, as manager Arsenal’s form dipped. They finished fifth in his first season and slid to 12th in the table the following year, losing in the FA Cup to Third Division side, South Northampton Town, prompting Crayston to resign in 1957.

There’s no doubt had the outbreak of war not disrupted football we would have seen far more from the non-smoking, non-drinking Crayston, who joined the RAF during the conflict. Like many of his time, he was robbed of his best playing years before succumbing to the knee injury that eventually forced him to hang up his boots and move from the cockpit of his RAF plane to a desk post.

After Arsenal, he was team manager at Doncaster Rovers for a year before taking up the role of secretary manager, earning £3,000-per-year. Two years in that position saw him retire from the game altogether in 1961.

Following his retirement from football, Crayston took over a newsagent’s in Streetly, around seven miles north of Birmingham city centre.

An England international with eight caps who made his debut in a 3-0 win over Germany at White Hart Lane, Crayston passed away on Boxing Day 1992 aged 82 as Arsenal drew 0-0 with Ipswich.

What Crayston family records will you find?

There are 1,000 census records available for the last name Crayston. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Crayston census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

There are 591 immigration records available for the last name Crayston. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

There are 83 military records available for the last name Crayston. For the veterans among your Crayston ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

There are 1,000 census records available for the last name Crayston. Like a window into their day-to-day life, Crayston census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more.

There are 591 immigration records available for the last name Crayston. Passenger lists are your ticket to knowing when your ancestors arrived in the USA, and how they made the journey - from the ship name to ports of arrival and departure.

There are 83 military records available for the last name Crayston. For the veterans among your Crayston ancestors, military collections provide insights into where and when they served, and even physical descriptions.

JACK CRAYSTON (1958-59) & JACKIE BESTALL (1959-60)

In May 1958 Doncaster Rovers, who had just been relegated to the new Division Three, announced they would be looking for a new manager. Several names were considered, including Dugald Livingstone of Fulham and George Swindin, the boss of Midland League Champions, Peterborough United. The latter was offered the job but turned it down, preferring to try to help the Posh into the Football League. Eventually Jack Crayston, formerly manager of Arsenal, was chosen for the difficult task of leading Rovers back to Division Two.

Crayston was a Lancastrian, born in October 1910, who had played for Barrow and Bradford Park Avenue before joining Arsenal in 1934. A graceful but steely wing-half, Crayston won eight England caps as well as two League Championship medals and a FA Cup winners medal. In 1945 he was appointed assistant manager at Highbury and in 1956 he succeeded the late Tom Whittaker as manager. After two rather moderate seasons Crayston resigned in May 1958 and thus he was available when Rovers needed a manager.

Crayston took over the remnants of Doherty’s old team, with only a couple of new signings. After a defeat on opening day, Rovers won three in a row but a disastrous run from mid-September, when they took only three points from 16 games, saw them firmly in the lower reaches of Division Three. Away from home, Rovers form was dreadful, with only one win and three draws from 23 games. Crayston, a softly spoken, gentlemanly figure was perhaps not the man to rouse the players from their collective torpor and in March 1959 he effectively moved aside. Derek Bestall, son of Jackie, resigned as Rovers secretary in order to become a pub licensee and Crayston took over his duties. At the same time Jackie Bestall (pictured), who had returned to the club in 1958 as Chief Scout, became more involved with the first team. After Rovers’ relegation to Division Four was confirmed, the arrangement was formalised with Crayston being given the old fashioned title of ‘secretary-manager’ and Bestall being given the new-fangled one of ‘team manager’.

The summer of 1959 saw a large-scale clear-out and Bestall brought in some experienced players to fill the gaps. These included three new forwards, Lol Chappell, Tony Leighton and Albert Broadbent. However, Rovers fared little better than they had done in Division Three and at one stage seemed likely to have to apply for re-election. A revival during February and March 1960, which featured a seven match unbeaten run, saw Rovers climb to 17th place. It was respectability but it was still a massive comedown for a club that had been in Division Two only two years earlier.

Bestall and the Board turned their attention towards a Youth Policy in a bid to revive the club’s fortunes in the future, but the here and now continued to cause problems. After successive defeats in the three opening matches of the 1960-61 season, the Board decided to appoint a player manager, and Bestall reverted to his old scouting role. As for Jack Crayston, in March 1961 he resigned as Rovers secretary and left the game of football. He became a newsagent in the Walsall area and died in December 1992, aged 82. And Jackie Bestall- well, we have not heard the last of him.


First match: 23rd August 1958 v Tranmere Rovers (away) lost 0-3.

Last match: 25th April 1959 v Southampton (away) drew 1-1.

Football League Record.

Played 46, Won 14, Drew 5, Lost 27, Winning percentage: 30.7%.


First match: 22nd August 1959 v Torquay United (away) lost 1-2.

Last match: 27th April 1960 v Crystal Palace (home) lost 1-5.

The Managers

From Sam Hollis to Unai Emery - know more about Arsenal's managers.

Sam Hollis
Sam Hollis was appointed ‘secretary-manager’ of Arsenal in 1894. He was the first individual to be placed in charge of team affairs. Prior to his appointment, the team had been managed by a committee of players and club members. Hollis spent three years at the club during which time the club remained mid-table in the second division. He moved on to Bristol City in the summer of 1897.

Thomas Brown Mitchell 1897 - 1898

Thomas Brown Mitchell (33 games as manager)
Thomas Brown Mitchell was our first professional manager, joining the club in 1897. A Scotsman from the Dumfries area, Mitchell moved south of the border around 1867 and held the title of secretary at Blackburn Rovers for approximately 12 years. He spent less than a season with us but in that time, managed to guide the club through three FA Cup qualifying rounds before succumbing to Burnley in the first round proper. He also took the club from 10th to fifth place in the league before resigning in March 1898. Mitchell later rejoined Blackburn, where he passed away in August 1921, aged 78.

William Elcoat 1898 - 1899 (25 games as manager)
William Elcoat, like his predecessor Thomas Brown Mitchell, only remained at the club for one season. Elcoat, who hailed from Stockton-on-Tees, showed a strong preference for players north of the border as illustrated by him having eight Scotsman in his first team at one stage. We finished seventh under his leadership but as the league had been increased to 18 teams, it was on par with the previous season. We were heavily beaten by Derby in the first round proper of the FA Cup having been given a bye to that stage. He passed away in Stockton-on-Tees in 1929, aged 65.

Harry Bradshaw 1899 - 1904

Harry Bradshaw (189 games as manager)
Harry Bradshaw took over the reigns from George Elcoat and in the space of five years, transformed the fortunes of the club. Regarded as our first successful manager, Bradshaw built his reputation at Burnley from 1891 to 1899 and was a clever tactician, guiding Arsenal to a top-three finish in the league in 1902/03. Bradshaw moved on to Fulham and later became secretary of the Southern League before his death in 1924.

Phil Kelso (152 games as manager)
Phil Kelso was a hard, rugged Scot who was a coach at Hibernian, before taking over as manager of newly-promoted Woolwich Arsenal from 1904 until 1908. Kelso guided the club to two consecutive last-four finishes in the FA Cup but did not make much progress in the league. After leaving us, he returned briefly to Scotland to run a hotel in Largs, before becoming manager of Fulham in 1909. He stayed with the west London outfit for 15 years before his death in 1935, aged 64.

George Morrell 1908 - 1915

George Morrell (291 games as manager)
George Morrell was manager of Woolwich Arsenal from 1908 to 1915, and oversaw the club’s move from Plumstead in south-east London, to Highbury in north London. Morrell was forced to sell many of his best players but still guided the team to sixth in the league in his first season. Unfortunately, he holds the distinction of being our only manager to have experienced relegation Woolwich Arsenal dropped from the First Division to the second after finishing bottom in 1913. But Morrell's side finished fifth in the Second Division in 1915 - high enough to get them elected back into the top flight.

Leslie Knighton 1919 - 1925

Leslie Knighton (268 games as manager)
Leslie Knighton was appointed manager in 1919, following stints as an assistant manager at Huddersfield Town and Manchester City. He was in charge for six years, but we never finished higher than 10th, coming 20th in 1924/25. Knighton was sacked at the end of that season, and was replaced by the legendary Herbert Chapman. After leaving the club, Knighton went on to manage Bournemouth, Birmingham City and Chelsea.

Herbert Chapman 1925 - 1934

Herbert Chapman (403 games as manager)
Sheffield-born Herbert Chapman not only established us as English football’s dominant force, but his concepts and ideas served as a template for teams and managers the globe over. He managed Leeds City and Huddersfield Town before taking over at Highbury, where he introduced the 3-3-4 or ‘WM’ formation, winning the FA Cup in 1930 and the First Division title, scoring a club record 127 goals in 1930/31. He won a second league title two years later before his tragic, sudden death in 1934, aged 55. A bronze bust of Chapman stands inside Highbury as a tribute to his achievements at the club, and there is a statue of him outside Emirates Stadium.

George Allison 1934 - 1947

George Allison (279 games as manager)
George Allison was born in Darlington and was a journalist before moving to London in 1905. He became Woolwich Arsenal’s programme editor, and later commentated on the very first FA Cup final to be broadcast on the radio, when we faced Cardiff City in 1927. He later became the club's secretary and then managing director, before taking over as first-team manager in June 1934. Allison added to the club's two successive league titles by winning a third in 1935. He also won the FA Cup in 1936 and the league again in 1938. Allison decided to step down and retire from the game in 1946/47.

Tom Whittaker (429 games as manager)
Thomas James Whittaker was born in Aldershot, Hampshire and joined us in 1919 before becoming the club’s first-team trainer under Herbert Chapman in 1927. Whittaker had an important role under Chapman in reforming the training and physiotherapy regimes at the club before taking over the reigns from Chapman’s successor, George Allison, in 1947. He won the league in 1948 and 1953 and the FA Cup in 1950 before his tragic death from a heart attack in 1956, aged 58.

Jack Crayston (77 games as manager)
Jack Crayston was born in Lancashire in 1910 and was appointed manager in November 1956. A former player with 187 appearances for the club, Crayston elevated us from 11th to third place in the league, before eventually finishing fifth in his first season. He resigned after 24 years’ service at the club in May 1958 and went on to manage Doncaster Rovers. Crayston passed away in 1992.

George Swindin 1958 - 1962

George Swindin (179 games as manager)
George Swindin, a former Arsenal goalkeeper with 297 first-team appearances to his name, was invited to take over the manager’s reigns at Highbury in 1958, following a successful stint in charge of Peterborough United. He oversaw a drastic overhaul in the playing staff during his first season in charge and guided the team to a third-placed finish. After leaving us, Swindin went on to manage Norwich City, Cardiff City, Kettering and Corby before retiring to Spain. Swindin passed away in October 2005, aged 90.

Billy Wright (182 games as manager)
Billy Wright was born William Ambrose Wright in Shropshire in 1924 and was the first player to win more than 100 caps for England, captaining the national side no less than 90 times, including their campaigns at the 1950, 1954 and 1958 World Cup finals. He became our manager in 1962 but we never finished higher than seventh under him and he left the club after the 1965/66 season, when we finished 14th and were knocked out of the FA Cup by Blackburn Rovers. Wright left management and later became a television pundit for ATV. He was made an inaugural inductee of the English Football Hall of Fame in 2002 in recognition of influence on the English game.

Bertie Mee (540 games as manager)
Bertie Mee was born in Bullwell, Nottinghamshire and managed us to our first league and FA Cup double in 1971. He became manager in 1966, and recruited Dave Sexton and Don Howe as his assistants. Under him, we reached two successive League Cup finals in 1968 and 1969, but lost to Leeds United and Swindon Town respectively. However, the following season, the club won its first trophy of any kind for 17 years, beating Anderlecht 4-3 on aggregate in the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup. The first part of the double - the league title - was won at White Hart Lane, home of rivals Tottenham Hotspur, on the last day of the season. Five days later, Charlie George scored the winning goal as we beat Liverpool 2-1 at Wembley after extra-time to claim the FA Cup. Mee resigned as manager in 1976, later joining Watford as assistant to Graham Taylor in 1978. He passed away in 2001 at the age of 82.

Terry Neill (416 games as manager)
William John Terence "Terry" Neill was born in May 1942 in Belfast and moved to Arsenal in 1959 as a player. He hung up his boots in 1973, and succeeded Bill Nicholson as manager of our local rivals, Tottenham Hotspur. He managed Spurs for two seasons, before being recruited by our board as manager in 1976 - becoming the youngest manager in the club's history. The club enjoyed a minor revival under his management, reaching three FA Cup finals between 1978 and 1980, though only winning in 1979. He also reached the final of the Cup Winners' Cup in 1980, losing on penalties to Valencia. He was dismissed as manager in December 1983 and retired from football.

Don Howe (117 games as manager)
Donald 'Don' Howe was born in October 12, 1935 and was a player with West Bromwich Albion before Billy Wright signed him for Arsenal in 1964 and made him club captain. Howe retired from playing and became our reserve-team coach under Bertie Mee, before stepping up to the role of first-team coach after the departure of Dave Sexton in 1968. He later returned to his old club, West Bromwich Albion, as manager before stints as coach of Galatasaray, Turkey and Leeds United, before rejoining the club in 1977 as head coach. Howe succeeded Terry Neill in 1983 and brought through the likes of Tony Adams, David Rocastle and Niall Quinn before resigning in March 1986. Howe was later assistant to Bobby Gould at Wimbledon and then had spells managing Queen Park Rangers and Coventry City before moving into journalism and broadcasting. Howe passed away in December 2015, aged 80.

George Graham (460 games as manager)
A former player, George Graham rejoined the club as manager in 1986 after three years in charge of Millwall. He won two league titles, two League Cups, an FA Cup and the European Cup Winners' Cup in eight years, making us one of the dominant teams of the late 1980s and early 1990s. He was also the architect of 'Anfield 89' when we beat Liverpool 2-0 in the final day of the season to lift the title with a dramatic, last-gasp Michael Thomas goal. He was renowned for building his team on the meanest of rearguards, perfecting the offside trap along the way. He also bought Ian Wright, at one point our all-time leading goalscorer, from Crystal Palace. After leaving the club in 1995, Graham went on to manage Leeds United and Tottenham Hotspur.

Bruce Rioch (47 games as manager)
Bruce Rioch left his post as manager of Bolton Wanderers to succeed George Graham in 1995 and stayed for just a year. He guided us to a UEFA Cup place in 1995/96, securing qualification on the last day of the season at the expense of Everton, Blackburn Rovers and Tottenham Hotspur. He also reached the League Cup semi-finals but lost on away goals to Aston Villa. After leaving the club he became assistant to Stewart Houston at Queens Park Rangers. He later managed Norwich City and Wigan Athletic, and Danish clubs Odense and Aalborg.

Arsène Wenger (1,235 games as manager)
Arsène Wenger joined us in September 1996 following spells as manager with Nancy and Monaco in his native France and Grampus Eight in Japan. He guided the club to our second league and FA Cup double, in his first full season at Highbury in 1998 and won further league titles in 2002 and 2004. He won seven FA Cups, more than any other manager in history. He also guided us to the UEFA Cup final in 2000, losing to Galatasaray on penalties and through an entire unbeaten league campaign on the way to the title in 2004. In 2006 he took us to the Champions League final, where the team were narrowly defeated by Barcelona. He oversaw the move from Highbury to Emirates Stadium, and won three FA Cups in four years in 2014, 2015 and 2017 before announcing his decision to stand down in May 2018.

Unai Emery (May 2018 to November 2019)
Unai Emery was appointed head coach in May 2018, having previously managed in his native Spain, Russia and France. The Spaniard retired from playing in 2004 after seriously injuring his knee at Lorca Deportivo, and took over as manager - guiding them to promotion to the second division for the first time in their history. He then moved to Almeria, securing their first-ever promotion in 2007. Emery was appointed head coach of Valencia in 2008, sealing two third-placed finishes in La Liga and reaching the Champions League. A short spell at Spartak Moscow was followed by a highly-successful period in charge of Sevilla where he helped them win three successive Europa League titles. This was followed by two seasons at Paris Saint-Germain, where he won the domestic treble. Emery led us to the Europa League final in his first season with us, only to be beaten by Chelsea, and left the following November.

Mikel Arteta (December 2019 to present)
Mikel Arteta was named as our head coach in December 2019, having previously been assistant to Pep Guardiola at Manchester City. Mikel, a former club captain, played for us for five seasons from 2011 to 2016 and won two FA Cups.

Bob Wall And Jack Crayston

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Jack Crayston Manager Statistics

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Managerial statistics for 6255164 games played by all current and previous managers for every club in the top 4 divisions of English football and more.

Crayston Jack Image 1 Bradford Park Avenue 1932

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Born in Grange-over-Sands, Lancashire, right half Jack Crayston played for local school sides and Ulverston Town in 1927 before moving to Third Division North Barrow in August 1928. He made his Football League debut against Halifax Town in September 1928 and spent two seasons there scoring once in 81 appearances before moving to Second Division Bradford Park Avenue, where he developed into a strong and aerially powerful right half.

Despite breaking both his wrist and leg in 1933-34, after 15 goals in 101 games for Avenue Crayston was signed by First Division champions Arsenal for a £5,250 transfer fee in May 1934 as a replacement for Charlie Jones. He scored on his competitive debut in an 8-1 thrashing of Liverpool on 1st September 1934 and became a regular in the Arsenal side straight away, largely pushing Frank Hill out of the right half spot. With Arsenal he won the League Championship in 1934-35 and 1937-38, and the FA Cup in 1936.

During this time, Crayston also became an England international he made his international debut in a 3-1 win against Germany at White Hart Lane on 4th December 1935, and in all won eight caps for his country between 1935 and 1937, scoring once against Czechoslovakia in what was his final cap in a 5-4 win, also at White Hart Lane on 1st December 1937.

Like many of his contemporaries, the Second World War robbed Crayston of what should have been the peak of his career. When peacetime football was suspended he was still an Arsenal regular having scored 17 goals for The Gunners in 190 appearances. With the War he joined the Royal Air Force whilst still playing irregular wartime football. However, a serious knee injury in a wartime match against West Ham United in 1943 forced Crayston to retire from playing. He played 207 matches in total for them (168 League matches), scoring 17 goals (16 League goals).

After his premature retirement and demobbing from the RAF, Crayston moved into coaching, and in June 1947 he became assistant to new Arsenal manager Tom Whittaker. After Whittaker’s death in 1956, Crayston became caretaker manager on 24th October 1956 and permanent manager on 21st December 1956. However, his stewardship of the team was brief and unsuccessful unable to bring any new players in, the team started to decline. In 1957-58 Arsenal slipped to 12th in the League (their worst position for 38 years) and faced a humiliating FA Cup defeat at the hands of Third Division (South) Northampton Town. Disillusioned, in May 1958 he resigned as Arsenal manager, and took up the reins at Doncaster Rovers the following month, holding the post until his retirement from the game in March 1959.

Was Jim Crow a Real Person?

The term “Jim Crow” typically refers to repressive laws and customs once used to restrict Black Americans&apos rights, but the origin of the name itself actually dates back to before the Civil War. 

In the early 1830s, the white actor Thomas Dartmouth �y” Rice was propelled to stardom for performing minstrel routines as the fictional “Jim Crow,” a caricature of a clumsy, dimwitted Black enslaved man. Rice claimed to have first created the character after witnessing an elderly Black man singing a tune called “Jump Jim Crow” in Louisville, Kentucky. He later appropriated the Jim Crow persona into a minstrel act where he donned blackface and performed jokes and songs in a stereotypical dialect. 

For example, “Jump Jim Crow” included the popular refrain, “Weel about and turn about and do ‘jis so, eb’ry time I weel about I jump Jim Crow.” Rice’s minstrel act proved a massive hit among white audiences, and he later took it on tour around the United States and Great Britain. As the show’s popularity spread, “Jim Crow” became a widely used derogatory term for Black people.

Jim Crow’s popularity as a fictional character eventually died out, but in the late 19th century the phrase found new life as a blanket term for a wave of anti-Black laws laid down after Reconstruction. Some of the most common laws included restrictions on voting rights. Many Southern states required literacy tests or limited suffrage to those whose grandfathers had also had the right to vote. Other laws banned interracial relationships, while clauses allowed businesses to separate their Black and white clientele. 

Fritz Walter

The story of German soldier Fritz Walter is so outlandish it seems more myth than reality.

Walter was conscripted by the Nazis and ended up fighting the Soviets on the eastern front. He was captured toward the end of the war and destined for shipment to Siberian work camps, where prisoners were expected to live no longer than five years.

While at a holding camp for prisoners of war, Walter caught a stray ball from a friendly game of football between guards and so dazzled them with his skill that he was quickly playing exhibition matches set up amongst the prisoners to show off his ability.

Some say that he even coached teams and organized leagues in the detainment center, though how much of that is myth is hard to know.

When time came for the prisoners to board the train for the Gulag, a guard spoke up on Walter's behalf. The soldier managed to convince his superiors that Walter was in fact Austrian, not German, and that he didn't deserve the punishment.

Walter went on to captain the West German national side in the ’54 World Cup.

Watch the video: Хоррор игра Головные боли!Прикольная игра,чтобы поиграть ночью!!! (June 2022).


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